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Vol. 17. No. i. 

3oiu'naI ipri3e Compete 

The prize competitious announced in The 
Journal lost montb have awakened great in- 
terest and the responses promise to be very 
!»atisfying. Are you going 
to enter the lists? Do it 
now. If these competitions 

Stu6eiits' Compe* 

'92]. and repre? 
wa.« capable at t 

certificate: "\ 
the writing of Li 

ship institute. The 

not traced o 
teacher, in 
getber with 
mately the t 

! badse 


I be 



glompetltlon closes June 1. 
SeeTJote* below.J 
Competition No. 8.— Sf> 

^sh (or a handso '■' 

badne. in the optic 

-' ' — "'■ be gi _ 

improve me 
a by astUuEut 
College. Pen- 

otber school, between the 
dates of January l,18D3,ancl 
July 1. 1S93. For tne second 

nold badge y 

t ebown by a student 




lag directions 
Idly observed: 

On or befoi 

R competitor 

—0 separate 

; less than 

■was written by dip on (.here 
Insert date of writing, which 
m"st be since December 81. 
1893] and represents the best 
work of which 1 was ca- 
pable of doing attbut date." 

the competitor. Tbe=e first 
specimens will be carefuHy 

the best « 

ime." Thi 

f, followed by thisfurthei 
lughiy familiar wit)) 
petitor]. and hereby 

led by the 

least two business men of his 

This must be signed 
U! ■ 
thorougbiy familiar 

lity and t 
?ment." Thism 
guardian of the ( 

1 3 — length 

black ink on 
'. nnd that thev shall 
ifferent capital 

Ijv the genuine 

nruled or blue 
V shall contain 
tal letters. \11 

1 ask for aphotogranh 
he purpose of puhli h 


Model Letter Series. 

ce from H B Lei man 
City, Mo. The letter was witliouf patch, erasu e broke line 
nore delicate writing. The ink was not Just ght fo photo 
>ere too fine to bxtild a plate on without injury to thet ao 
tinuity and smoothness. While in these respects the above plate does scant justice to Mr. Lehman a y one 
who knows fine tvriting when he sees it will not fait to gire the author fxtll credit after te ing tf 
S}jecimen . 

the first of a series of Model Leltars in different Styles that will br a feniure of Th> To n / 
Next month we shall present a business letter by Howard (f Brown. 

The above is a photo-plate reproduction ft 
Penman of Spalding's Coin. College, Kan. 
or other blemish, and we have rarely sei 
graphic reproduction and sorne of the lines 


I c \tf>i loo modiflca 
and development of 
ent ones For the sug 
ion rei.eived which shall 

to b at com ps Died by 

eatui IS tdted above) 
II g \ ^^ H h Foi 

I tl ■'for 

^me suggestion pnorlty i 
receipt (with duo ailowani 
for distance from Journj 


1L r^crs 

r,willb< ineligibk 

©mate Cut oft Beitgns 

BB^f ,:^g 

th« mnj ha^e 



for UOeas. 

t,on" ih,»uiu,„. ,„M, 1 .u, aatcmd 

T/,„ , 


Note for Compctiiwii »7, 8 and 9 -In CoQipe- 
ons7. 8 and Owe plDcu no leetric^ion upon 
lorm ol the aoal specimens submitted 

larly I: 
heaUij ' 

i / '/ i i" ! 

Comict ion los s F br n > 1 

2)ecorative ipomts 

jJ:Jt^'~ rJc/utuuiA QyCif '^yi^ii. 


needed Boi 

tt l> Ih- Jtrf>IT'>It' 
I.AVf knd lil'lIlK ■ 
D14ri)VKU TUI Til n 


(iro. SouK-. l31St. 

PKKE #;j.r.o. 

Index W.'SK rBIK 



Adapted for us.- with or witbout Text-Book.. 

and tbe only set recommeoded to 



Bryant k Stratton 




Favorsble arran^menu made with Duslnesa 
Collpgrec aud Public and Prlvaio SchooU for Intro- 
ductinn and u^e. Descrtptlvo Lint now readj. 
'"orreajion deuce Invited, 

Tue beat Pea to the U.S., and best penmen use them. 


particularly ailapted 
■onlalolng 86 Pens. Sent Post-paid, on receipt oi 


I1Q& 121 William St.. N. Y. 



An Old School in a New Location, 









Ion. V<.n.i,«n.l «.! » i,iii.lii.i,j ii|> li. |,..„i.i™.wlil|. tiii.lor WsUart ai.d Kirulpy. they cnn tel|i jou. 

Board, $1,75 a week. Room Rent, 50 cts. a week. 

nn Pays for Tuition. Board and Room Rent for sis months in Pen Art Depart. 
°'' mint NO VACATIONS. Except August. Catalogues and Circulars FREE. 

WM. M. CROAN, Prest, or W. J. KINSLEY, Secy and Treas. 
"Western ITormal College, 

lNCt)LN, NEB. 



A Ihousani 


mellc leaclics il. A short, simple, practical 
metliodbvEC. ATKINSON, Principal o( 
Sacramento Business Colkce. Sac ramcnio. 
Cat. By mail, 50 cents. Address as above. 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & I 7 Beok man St,, 

Branch Ston., a; Houston Ptrvet. 

i^oS^i;go TO<^SsA- 





Can ! 

\re the Standard Text Books in ihcir special Held. They a 
iively used in Business Colleges lh,.n ,iny other similar public 
indorsement be had? 

The Countine House, 535 pp.. Retail, - $2,00 
" Coinmercia!, 411 '■ " 1 .SO 

" Essentiala, 303 •' " 1,25 

Copies of either ol the above will be sent to teachers nnfif for examination will 
/lew to adoption at one-/ltt//"r*-f/ri7/*rice,'(. Address W, il S\ulkk. I'rcs. 

SADLER COMPANY, Baltimore, Md. 


Piilili»lic<l l.,v O. M. POWERS J 

The Complete Accountant, counting-house Ediiion. J 

4 The Complete Accountant, High scbooi Edition, , 

^ DcslKUcd especlallr us u short course in practical Boolikeeplntr. HI* poKCS. wholesale t 


* - ■ 

The New Business Arithmetic, 

, practical iiud thorouBb text-book on thissubject. :;»:t pages, wliol 

Manual of Business Writing. 
The Practical Speller, 

A The above books are in use in many o( the largest a 

^ and Normal Schools llirovfflioul the United Si 



nd best Commercial , 
States and Canada, ^ 

Copies of these Books will be sent to Teachers upon f 
receipt of the above price. i 

0. M. POWERS, Publisher, J 

Powers Building, CHICAGO. t 



- 75o. 


■ $1.00. 

1J» P.tliE4. FIXE IM 











Please read what Professor J. T. Thompson has to say. He is an able educator and has considered the work 
from cover to cover : 


by the Zancriati Authors, t-ame under our observation ft ehori lira'! *ini-e. 
"After AcarcriilvxaniinQtion we arpploased tnsar tbat it is quite a uicritoriniis work. There appears to bave been n luck of lltfrHture has«(l upon scleotiBc princtples on tbe subjects i 
"The vHniMt' •••it-^ 'Mri»M-Mn-! M'l.^■^■, Mental and Physloil I'ntV y^nv.rr nr 'iti/r'ni r ^ -I i.-r . t- ■ iv-i' Tn-nt-l -•» ^Tr-i .,./r...'n-'tt ^vfh, rv^.-h,<t<„-.,i ,.i,v-toioifiral and psychologic 

prloi-lplfs. Ill— . L ti ', t 1 ;^ -'.u-,, u,.- itlntinn which scieu-'i.' i:. h - i ■■ n,. ..i ( ..t i .,ii. \\ n n » i,. n. i.t, .^i i ii. i. n i.,,,- ■,■, in. h ■ ■ '-r i..t >■.- , t, itn.ri mid muscle and tho- 

'■■ ■■■11 unity are_hised. tii- ■! i ■ ■ i . ,■ i ■ i 

lU tlK'Hlltil 

siud^' and i< 

he a 

j^ly su. 

or penmaukotp 
f of PosUlon. ciu 

i> drill, and be b 

pftbetter kninvU-dtje 

pared to iinimrt intelligeDtiy 
Addre» to-day 


othera than he would t 

I herelorore published." 

Columbus, Ohio. 

illh jonr ordera.-Z. A. (. 

"r^e/wianS (27CtCoJvwzna/p 

Lessons in Business Penmanship. 

IN " looking backward " how well do we 
recall to mind the many fruitless ef- 
forts made in oar practice and all be- 
cause of thoughtless, indifferent, purpose- 
less manner. We thought, it is true, but 
our tliinking was visionary. We were not 
indifferent toward our future, but we 

We had a purpose in view biit had no mles 
to govern the efforts which were to achieve 
our hoped-for distinctions. Now, dear 
pupil, reader, do not risk your futures by 
such processes. The odds will be against 
you, as they h&ve been against us unless 
you heed this advice. Had -we not been the 
possessoi-s of moi'e than an ordinary 
amount of industry and stick-to-it-ativeness 
we should have failed by the way. There 
is but one sensible, scientific road for 
travel if you desire to achieve meritable 
success, and that is patient, uniform, per- 
sistent, intelligent practice. 
Nearly every day do oiir eyes tell our 
judgments tnat there is a tendency toward 
too much movement and not enough form 
in the practices of our profession. Reck- 

our prejudices to eway our better judg- method by which one may pursue given 

ments — we ere long find ourselves with a courses with safety and normalcy. 

few followers beyond the common mass of Thus the tendencies are to extremes, but 

3T-AN0AR0 rORM6 POR. 3TUDT Idea- 1 . 

Z^^-^-Z^ y'-^^^'^Z^ .^-y^ .<:^y .^^^^ /^^„ 

^-T?y y97-7^ y^ .^^^ ,^^2^ y?^ 


rfttt TDT riRH. 

J^ ..^^-T^ ^-7^ y^ 

..-^^^^^ ---^^^ 

^-/^cy ^^^ ^^ ^-t^ ^>&^ 

less, senseless, tangled forms are as unde- 
sirable as slow, cramped, paralyzing 

The one gi-eat drawback to reform is ex- 
tremity. We see a thing is wrong — we 
catch glimmering beams of light as to 
how we may right the wrong — we begin 
our work of reformation before consider- 
ing well the wisdom of our acts — we be- 
come imbued \\ith enthusiasm— we allow 

humanity— we see that we ; 
lated from the majority — we imagine we 
are right and i]\e\) are wrong— they think 
we are cranky, we think they are behind 
the times. 

Thus it is that reformations begin, and 
go to extremes, but the minds of tlie 
people aie quickened thereby, the entliu- 
siasm of the reformers is somewhat 
chilled by separation, and finally when 
both extremes meet we have a medium or 

the tendency of all the tendencies 
right, for progress, for truth. 

ThetflMl.--„ry lin^ h^.], of l;,f(. tu 

clearly tli^it ,-, n.-u .^^v\ liett^^r way is 
dawning. That way is to recognize botli 
forai and movement. In this series it is 
hoped to generate enough movement to be 
easy in execution and to govern it suffi- 
ciently to be well in form. 


Be not led by enthusiasm to forget that 
form is as essential as movement, nor by 
Ijeauty of^form to such'an'extent that you 
underestimate movement. Both are indis- 
pensable, both are absolutely needful, to a 
practical style of penmanship. 


The plates c and d are for study. They 
reveal the proportional, accurate and ideal 
in shape. Those to the left represent the 
ones used largely now ; the ones to the 
right, those used extensively some years 
ago. The "Conservatives" are too beau- 
tiful for rapid or thoughtless execution, 
while the "Modern" forms are less beau- 
tiful, but more applicable in simplicity of 

Unless you intend to work with a will, 
with your mind on your work, you had 
better not practice at all. You may form 
bad habits by thoughtless effort, or at 
least confii-m some established habit 
which the practice is supposed to over- 
come, which it would if properly directed. 

Review plates A and B. Read small 
lettering on plates C and D. Refrain 
fi-om finger action. Let the fingers (thimib, 
first and second) hold the pen while the 
muscles of the forearm do a majority of 
the work, allowing the hand to assist only 
in the dowTa strokes and detail, and the 
upper ai-m only in the larger, longer mo- 

Finger movement is too irregular, spas- 
modic and violent. ' Upper arm or shoul- 
der (popularly known as Muscular) move- 
ment is too reckless, wild and unmanage- 
able for uniform usage. 

Therefoi-e seek a medium. Keep in 
mind the fact that the hand rest (the little 
finger) slides to the right in up strokes and 
rests in making the down strokes. 

Use your mind as well as your muscle. 
The former is the motive power, the lat- 
ter but the implement of the former. 1 

Remember that rapid writing means, at 
best, readable wiiting ; that it may be 
somewhat easily written, but that it may 
be difficult to read. The fact is, the writer 
should keep in mind the reader, so as 
to not cause the latter to decipher that 
which should be good enough to interpret 
at first glance. Nor should the reader be 
so exacting as to demand accui-acy and 
beauty, for that would require undue 
effort on the part of the writer. A good 
medium is "easy to read and easy to 

Unruled Paper for Practice. 

I have never been able to understand 
why almost every teacher of penmanship 
pemaits his students to use ruled paper 
exclusive of the unruled for practice. 
Surely it is essential that every one should 
be able to wiite a straight line on an un- 
raled page; yet how few of even our good 
writers can do it. 

Where the best writing is required, and 
that which is usually exposed to the view 
of the public, we do not find the ruled 
page; and, in fact, any page of writing 
will present a much more pleasing appear- 
ance if executed on an unruled page and 
does not have a few " point rows " on the 
bottom. All that is necessary to accom- 

Slish this is practice on unruled paper. 
ne side of the paper may be ruled and 
the other unruled, and the student will 
soon leam to wiite as well without a ruled 
line as with one, and the lines will be 
straight and all the same distance apart, 
which will be an accomplishment of much 
pleasure and no little worth. 

Buslinetl ilil.\ xVor. CoU. 

W. E. Stipp. 

t that m for greatest improvtment 
llou the pluck to get it y But suppose 
it vMSSIt/ Theatiidy and piactice 
- effort would be worth more to you, 
'.nj, than any year's work you have 

rrfiillu also the details of Compe- 



C^it oJcuinaS 

_ the old 

niethods after 
they have clearly 

merely becuuse we bavi 
them " and don't fancy ' 
acquainting ouraelv 

itsolf with to-day and to-niorron. 
Bio. J. H. Bacht«nkirch«- is doUiR excellent 

,-t This will 
-hrily. Mr. B. 
Ilully made ex- 

er, Siip't. of City School*. Anaoiosa, 

ii deep interest in the subject of pen- 

iship and we dare say this is very appar- 

ent in the 

e by the students. 

order, small lessons, figures, words, capi- 
tals, sentences, movement exercises, let- 
ten^ and bnsine^ papers. 

Everj- sensible teacher will know the 
futilitj- of teaching good pencil position, 
unless she herself has an every -day correct 
position of hand and pencil. The teacher 
shonld provide for herself a book and write 
the lesson in advance. Many Kttle de- 
vices will then be thought of, to make 
strife among pupils. 

Write out the devices, and so have a 
ready store upon which to draw when the 
lesson is on the point of dragging. 

"We must endeavor to entertain. In the 
higher grades, very little individual help 
ought to be given, but in the primaries it 
is a necessaiy element of success. 

Do not use flannel pen ■wipers. 

It is a pleasure to the special teacher to 
enter a room where the pupils are ready 
with pen and paper — where the ruler, 

Third week— Review third term, first year. 
Movement exercises throughout term. 
All small letters developed and practiced in 
words and sentences. Review. 

Review first term. 

Movement exercises throughout term. 

Practice Fourth and Fifth Principle letters 
from correct copits on board and paper : 
use at beginning of words and > 

Review first and second terms. 

Movement exercises throiighout term. 

Sixth Principle Group practiced from cor- 
rect copies on board and >aper, and used 
in words and sentences. 

Write Small and Capital letters io groupx 
(see groups I and II) . 

Name of school. 

Street and hotise number. Review. 

Take specimens and compare with old. 
5. naterlalti. 

Pens (GiUotfs school pen No. 351, recom- 
mended) . Ink (black) . Penwiper. Blot- 
Tracing copy-books (where copy-boobs are 

Practice paper, space ruled. 

At least twenty, minutes daily. 
^^Review Course for First Year. 
Primary EUmenta and Frincip'e*, Bte. 

Slanting Straight Lixe, Right Curve. 
Lebt Curve. Lower Turn (last part of ii), 
Upper Turn (first pari; of n). Loop (I 

Penmanship Outline. 


We aim at a legible, rapid hand, suita- 
able for ordinaiy business purposes. 

Copies are ^^Titten on the blackboard by 
special teacher, who gives a 30-minute ■ 
lesson in each room once in two weeks. 
Practice sheets jiro used for the present. 
Staff-rnli'il psipiM-. with three spaces be- 
twfcn till- base lines, is used in grades 1. '2 
and 'i. Single-ruled paper is used above 
the third giade. 

In the intennediate grades— third and 
fourth— when ready to ti-ansfer from staff 
ruled to singlf ruled, we use a sheet with 
the upi'i'r half stuff ruled and the lower 
half siiigh- ruh'il. This paper is called 
No. 2 and is usi'd ;it the discretion of the 
special teacher. 

Pencils ai-e used in grades I, 2 and 3. 
Pupils are transfen-ed to pen and ink in 
either second or third gi-ades when thought 
best by the specialist. 

Practice sheets are finished by all at the 
same time, collected, marked and pre- 
served by the regulai- teacher, until exam- 
ined and disposed of by the special teacher. 
The oljject of tliis is to insure care and 
neatness, and the same amonnt of work 
on tho part of each pupil. All blotted or 
soiled papers bring down the per cent, of 
the ivoui. and if this occm-s toci often the 
paper must be i-e-written by the pupil. 

If the lesson is not completed in a satis- 
factory manner by the whole number, it 
must be i'eiK»ated by the whole. 

The study of penmanship has four nat- 
ural di\isions: physical training, irosition. 
form, movement. 

Awkwardness in holding the pencil may 
be 1m»sI overcome by daily exercises, con- 
ducted like tho calisthenics. These exer- 
cises will lie given from time to time by 
the s^iecial teacher. Position and form 
shonld l>e acquired in the primary grades. 
The graminar grades then take up the 
most difficult pjirt of the work, that of 
combining the original neatness aiid legi- 
bility with rapidity — a rapidity gained by 
movement. Movement exercises begin 
with the use of jwn and single -ruled 
Use the square front position. 
In our present le<isons we will take in 


.-e^i'O^',;? i<t-<£4^A^ ^7't.ff-z-i/-iy>f 


As we have reached the time wli. m 
many schools use copy-books, and knowin.; 
that as a rule teachers are very mnch ;it ,i 
loss to know how to use them to the h>-^\ 
advantage. I have taken the liberty »'f u^^ 
ing my method as a suggestion (w.' ;iv. 
required to use two books per year\ innl 
would be glad to have the methoil pm 
sued by other super\Tsors. 

I am of the opinion that copy-books Ikim 
received much unjust criticism, and i 
their abuse and mtsiise has been the ciin- 
of many of the sins laid at their dxnr. 
They are valuable servanH, but nnpri>tit;i- 
ble masters, and indispensable in pnlihi- 
schools where there is no supervisor; inul 
I Iwlieve that, used as I suggest, they ;ir.' 
an invaluable assistant even to a svip-r 

The pupils must have correct ideals or 
standards of form. Used for this pur- 
pose, to stipplement efficient teaching, thoy 
are and have always been a signal success. 
Wlien required to do the work of tlie 
teacher also they have always been and 
vrill always he a dismal failure. 

Tue of CopV-li»»kH. 

First three wcefr-s of year, give to move- 
ment drills (upon blank paper) inchidini^ 
practice upon the elements and principles 
and review of essentials of preceding 

Beginning copy-book the fourth tfeek 
of school, write two lines of movement 
exercises such as are printed on the covers 
of copy-books, or devised by the super- 
visor or teacher, then two lines of the copy 
printed at the top of the page, alternate 
in this way throughout the page and book. 

In this way, two books per year can 
easily be written and sufficient drill on 
movement given, including the practice 
on elements, principles, letters, etc., re- 
quired in the course, upon practice paper. 
And as much of this shonld be done as 
the time that can be given to writing' will 
allow after the required amount of vn\t\- 
book work s "nven 

Refer to the eserc ses on c i I k 
cover by nber p actic ng t n tl e 
e f \ t j\ t V^] 1 
1,11 tt / / tl 

B'tnniJiy Specimen from 
lition [G. W. Ware, Supervii 
us see the work your pupils a 

e doing. 

chalk and eraser are placed ready for use 
before a clean board, and where the teacher 
Ls attentive and ready to give help wlien 

Such a room vrill spend the most profit- 
able twenty minutes, and ' there will be 
fonnd the most rapid improvement. 

Teaching Children to Write. 


i the}' arc being rapidly 


1. ObJeciB. 

Freedom of movement. 

Knowledge of Elementf. Principles and Let- 

Eit edition. 
Expression of thought. 

2. Poiuls. 
Good portion. 
Freedom of movement. 
Lightness of sti'oke. 

Accuracy in small letter word proctice. 

Movement e 
Object lessons and form studv. 
4. natter 

First week — ^Take specimens and preser^'e 

same. Review first term, Brst year. 
Second week— Revien- second term. first year. 

without the right curve). Invertkp Loop 
(the same fonn "upside down," as the 
cliildren may be allowed to say), 

The three elements and Fii*st and Sec- 
ond Principles (lower turn and upper 
tmn) are one space high. The Third Prin- 
ciple (loop) three spaces high. The term 
" one space" means the height of the short 
letters, i, u, in, etc. Instead of saying 
Firat, Second and Third Elements Ox 
Principles in the Primaiy grades, use thg 
terms indicated above, w^hich jnean some- 
thing to the children. 

Base Line.— The horizontal line on 
which the writing rests. 

Spaces. — The real or imaginary [four^ 
divisions of the space between the base 
lines. In piimary grades some or all of 
the spaces are ruled. 

Oroupu of Stiiatt (•• lou-er rane "j 

Short Letter Group.— i u lu, u w, o 
a e c. r s, V x. These lettere except r 
and s. are one space in height : r and 8 
should be one and one-fourth spaces. 

Loop or Third Principle Group.— 1 
b b k, f, j y ^ z. The first five of these 
letters extend thi'ee spaces above the base 
line. The remaining four and t* extend 
two spaces below the base line. 

See "General Directions" (further on 
in this paper). Do not allow any shading 
in primai-y grades. 

Shaded Group.- t d, i» q. The fii-st 
three letters of this group extend two 
spaces above the base Hue, p , and ti 
one and one-half spaces Ijelow. These 
letters are usually shaded when wiitten 
with pen and ink by older persons, but ir 
is better to allow no attempt at shading in 
the Primary grades. 

sa ejag O tl e xt j „ 
in the '^ame way witl the next 
exerc se (or sow cpr napM a 1 so 
page until all tl e si table exer 

oltan a . 


nfo n 

Th viU sei 
practice pon o n nt 
and p event t 1 t t 1 

copy vihich 1 1 
Tl ere cannot 1 
vided tl e p pi 
ful that movem 
d fflcult As a ul tl 
e pe Uy m pnmiry "Taden the 1 

Unless otherwL o d ected vr 1 
books el ot I ml 

lei n 1 I t nl 

suie I ! Ill n 

p t III 

Wnt 1 ! r 


r 1 . 

anuned 1 y the S pennten lent o 
V o or both before tl e p j 1 
lo ved to take the 
G ve three ! 

year as alrea 1 

• w -ek f 

and e 

at clove of tl d t m 1 ut ■» 1 ttl 
than the all tt 1 I at 1 o U 1 
to ard tl Io e of this term m 1 
the I ook a. be complet 1 t 
before the close, for inspection. 

DUIributlon and Colttetton uf M"t. 

Method Recommended.— Place 
and pens (or pencils for dra^vingt bel.. 


^^ ~tyenmafi^(l^^lkC(X^wt/ia/3 

to each liue of seats on front desk. Have 
pupils sitting in each front seat rise (on 
signal); take pile of books and bunch of 
pens (or pencils) and imss down aisle, leav- 
ing the bottom book on each desk 
whether owner is present or not. Pens or 
pencils are placed on desks as monitor re- 
turns to his seat. 

To Collect.— Pupils sitting on back 
seats collect hooks and pencils or pens. 



rh li. 

top of the next < 

111 right for distribu- 

;iii he done by pupils 

cleanliness in ever)' possible way. At the 
close of the lesson ask the children to hold 
up their hands. Rraise those whose hands 
are clean and have the others go at once 
and wash theirs. 

j^If one gets ink on his desk have him ira- 
medi-iti'lv take a sponge or cloth and clean 
it. DoU'A :h,.]ii \Ki\}i^Ts of any kind that 
have Mni- .d iImih and when advisable 
have till -. \' 1m 111--'- Milled their paper 
rewritt.- Th.<. Tliesp, and other ex- 
pedients wluch will occur to the teacher 
will very soon cure carelessness in this re- 
spect, and this training in itself will be 

ilege of being "book monitor" may be 
granted for good %vriting, quickness, etc., 
and they vnll take pride in doing it well. 

Time Necessary ((es(ed).— Thirty sec- 
onds for distribution ; twenty seconds for 
collection, and ten seconds for " position " 

of tbt- 

thefust trrw ML H-li.M.l. an.l altliMn^-h -lir 
has a large school, in a very short time a 
blot or soiled hand is rarely seen, and 
when her pupils reach grades alwve they 
excel in the use of the pen. 

Drawing, with a rich program. A. E. Par- 
sons, Cliairman, and Miss Bertha L. Patt. 
Secretary. This is as it should be. We 
hope the time will soon come when every 
teacher's convention will have such a de- 
partment. When the gi*eat body of pub- 
lic school teachera of this countiy become 
interested in this subject and aroused to 
its importance, we will cease to l)e a 
" nation of scribblers." 

Miss Annie Sutter is securing excellent 
results as special wiHtiug teacher in the 
public schools of Bellevue, Ohio. We 
acknowledge the receipt of a kind letter 
iiiclosing list of teachers who are specially 
lilt, rested in this art. Of course Miss 
Miii-r is areader of The Journa-L. She 
NMit.-: "I find the Public School De- 
parruient very beneficial to me in my 
school work. It contains very many 
hints and suggestions." Slie promises to 
do all that she can to extend the pai>er's 


CorDell has 1544 students. 

There are 80 women at YaW. 

The first training school for teachers 

study English . His insti 
Imperial College at Pekin. 

" When " and " where" are the two eyes of 
History, but " why " is her brains. — *VaiiA: V. 

In Italy the proportion of soldiers unahle to 
read or write, which was 35 per cent, in 1867, 
slowly declined until about 18H0i wheoit was 
only (J per cent Sioc© then it has steadily in- 
again, and in 1S*K) was as high as 23 


t the- \ 

iu tliu Dei 
Ill's . 

t of Eda- 

State Superinteutlent Goudy of Nebraska 

mined in a few minutes and cousequently 

month. The e 

^plained at length i 

the last ten years. The figures show that the 
number of bcboolhouses have more than 
doubled, the school children number about 
three times as many, and the financial state- 
meuts show the same extent of increase. — Tne 
School Journal. 
The National Liln-Mv tt ^Vn'ltmcfnn will 

, Positiou: Body upright, facing desk, 
hands and arms at bacK (may be omitted in 
grades 8 and 0). 

The Prlnclpleg, ttl Numbers and yamea, 

1st Principle or Lower Turn, 1 <, Primai-v 
Sd Principle or Upper Turn. \ f^^^Jj"^^'^ 
M Principle or l^oop. ) ^"'"-'i"*''- 

ithPrtnctple (fii-st part of W},"8ase Oval,"' 

These terms come as near fitting the 
furms, perhaps, as any that could be 
devised which a child could comprehend. 
Use the names instead of numbere in 
the I'liiiiaif/ 'ji-ikIcn. The sixth grade 
(or riiilni ii'ii -i-.uis desirable) may /ean'i 
th'-' i'"ii' H'l' - ' '> """'(>£)■«, and above that 
yradi' iiir t.'i terms may be used if 

General DIreotlona. 

It : 

quires iiiurr -I . ' i . : !■ r ln' pen prop- 
erly than tin , : i . timeshoiild 
be given tu ^i.h ■ i;i^ ni. i-npil aright. Bad 
habits f<iriiH-l now will lu- iikelj* to re- 
main with him througliuiit his scli.tol life. 
It is far niort' important to start him 
right thau that he should make good 
characters at the .sacrifice of good positiou. 
Much care will be necessary at first to 
train the child to avoid soiling the hands, 
paper or desk with the ink ; but after a 
time tliis difficulty will disappear if the 
teacher proceeds properly to bring the 
child to he ashamed of biota. Encourage 

the pen on the thumb nail until they can 
see that the point '* opens," and that in 
order for it to run smoothly it must rest 
evenly on the paper. 

Groupa of CapUula. _ 

4th Prin. or Base Oval group ; W X, V 

t; V, a z. 

5th Prin. or Top Ooal group ; O C, D E. 
6th Priu. or Stem. Oval group : A N M, T 
P, II H, S L U, P B R, I J. 

Teach complete or standard forms in all 
{trades except the variations indicated in out- 
liue for 8 and 9. 

especially pleased mth the appended 
quotation (and there is much more of the 
same import in the paper) : 

"When we first started ten years ago 
to ' paddle our own canoe ' up the stream 
of life we felt that it would be a mistake 
to pin our hope of accomplishing a mau's 
work in Ih.' \v<.rM upon tlir aMlity to 
'flouri^li ■ -. r.:imiii^ •■;,■■]■ ~ .m-l ■rxi-cnte' 

the 11 

..Id ;: 

The Journal has received a nmnber of 
subscriptions from public school teachers 
of Butler, Pa., thanks to the efforts of the 
Special Writing Teacher, J. F. Huezler, 
who appreciates the work the paper is 

, Knowing our fondness for good writing, 
especially when done by public school 
students', Writing Supervisor W. F. 
Lyon of Detroit sends a beautifully wi'it- 
ten exercise by one of his pupDs, a girl 
fourteen years old. There are plenty of 
professionals who would be put on their 
mettle by a contest with this young lady. 

At the Iowa State Teachers' Convention 
held at Cedar Rapids Christmas week there 
was a department of Penmanahip and 

Mamma : " I told you not to play on Si 

Little Boy: '■ I haven't been playin' I I v 
earnin' my Sunday-school lesson," 
" But you are all in a perspira 

Tommy Tatldles : " Cold expands 
" Indeed J What does cold expand V 

everything. Many a 

Coal bills.'' 

Education ii 
who could not write has made'his n 
world. — N. 0. Picayune. 

A mamma, who was about to send her 
youthful hopeful to Sunday school for the first 

t the general kuowl- 

" That is right, my 
who was the fh^t man." 

" Columbus," triumphantly shouted the 

Miss Arma Virummie: "Which is your 
favorite college, Mr. Rahrah — Yale or Har- 
vard ? " 

Charlie Rahrah (promptly) : " Neither; Vas- 
sal-!"— /'ucfr. 

Boston Maid: "In Boston even the boot- 
blacks, some of them, have studied Latin." 

School Teacher: "What little boy can 
tell me where is the home of the swallow? " 

Boy: " I kin, please." 

School Teacher : " Well, Bobby ' " 

Bobby: "The home of the swallow is the 

" Do you suppose," asked the Sunday school 
teacher, " that the prodigal sou greeted bis 
father loudly and joyfully ;" "I reckon not," 
said the bright boy. " His voice must 'a' 
be'a kinder husky." — Smith, Gray d: Co.'s 


is <iuite apt to be up before 

the way our i.-la..s>niiile.s and uthers • pan 
out ' the more we are convinced that the 
young man whose ambition it is to attain 
true success must build upon a solid 
foundation of broad, general culture, and 
our only regi'et is that we did not more 
fully realize this in youth." 

We hope Editor Williams will keep his 
paper upon this I'lrvated iibme aiul not 
allow it todet.'iiMi.iir int.. ,i lu-iv adver- 
tising sheet. Til' / ■ iiMniies : 

"Too often 1 .| jit-nman 
know little ol- 1 ii h _ -, rurve.'i. 

tnrn-.^lKi.-- ■4- , i ..i . ■-. This, 

iiimv -\: i..vv,ii.l i.i il.iii- ,1 ii-.tul and en- 
lightened life ns pi-iininnshii). or upon the 
events of the day, a knowledge of which 
is a characteristic of eveiy progressive 
nation, state or individual. 

■ A jiriift'^ in ;niv linr who cannot 
tij-- ,11) iiifilli-iTjt M|.illl^ll ii|i..ii the prob- 
|. I,,. ,,1 , i,,H.-i, -i.ii.. ..r -.■li-...,i which are 
1 li.. I . ,]ii inii.d -; liil'. I '1 tiiiul.iu^ people, or 
who dui-.-^ nut till ;ui inWu'^L in the move- 
ments which have •Pru^.Tess" for their 
watchword, whether in or out of his 
special field of labor, is rapidly becoming 
tinpopular and must soon broaden and 
deepen his course of thought to retain his 
position in cultured life." 

'The Patter of 

me back to mymother's 

Adams: "What was 
the Shingle ? ' " 

Bashful Young Man : " Ahem— Sally - 

would be willin' to be my motht-r 

Bond : " Do vou think all sinners will ulti- 
mately be saved f " 

Dr. Fourthly: "I hope for the best." 
Bond: "That isn't what I asked you. I 
D know if you hope for the worst 

then ask him 
please Heaven 
morning ?"-/>. 

you good health this 

What would you think of a 
warmer climate for me, doctor { " 

Doctor : " Good Lord, man, that's just what 
I am trying to save you from.'"—Phiirmaeeu- 

H^: " 1 do not remea>ber what ho said, dar- 
ling, but I know I felt hurt."— Broofc/i/rtl<»>. 

him how to Jo it <ind offers to pay for the 
n. See Prize Competilion annoui 
first page. 








itroBrwwivp »ch<K)lB ' or America. W. N 
FRRKlM. Bite RaptdB. Bllch. 





Iv 'JJ*'"""* ■ '''*'o"s by rnnti or pentonallyj 

Mc9t Dtniliiia. 

. i'^-v'X^w^.l'*'^^' •''flJOOL AND SCflOOt 

FRASHEK^lMn. ntidl-roi'irletor."' ' ^ 





rnpby. Atl'nn 


' "' I""'-'' vs rS??'*" <* i,*™*"**" 









HlLL.Pn^ ' "- "■ 


Wortli. CAM1o)ju«ror2v(,ntji.' 


''"l',!!i \'^" BUSINESS COLLEOE, Porl- 

'^"' * 



> ' ''I T L BL51NEiS COLLEGE. Oalc 
iiuui, Lni K ■xdiwi of bualnras iraLtiliis 
i^li^,^' .*f *"*" '"Hy ahnwi of ihcw pi^ 
Knrmlvp tlmrc. J.Tl. AYDKLOTTE. Prtu. 




«h Floors. 0^7 Cbc'.liiut sireeL I*bllod<l 
plila- THOMiSMAYPF-lRCE. Ph.D., Prill 



C. F, WnLFE. IVnn,.,,, Mi. in 
N.r. AlphAbci- I ,11 

of paper. largpsU* 7a rU., metUuni 30 i-M 

P. M. SISSON. Penman, Newport. R. I, 

SouvMilror Old sioue Mill. wlUi 2A cards. & 

PETERS, Storm Lake. Iowa. 

R. M. JONES. Pen 



E. A. Mcpherson, Penman, Osweeo, 

'Jrk w'lli 

s. B. FAHNESTOCK,_ Mcpherson col- 

ArtlBtlc'L«ttcr,25'c(«. iCnpltAlx.SJi cts; tl 

W. 0. CHRISTIE. 301 Broadway, New 

York. Fine Sorlpl for all rpproductlvc bikI 

A. E. PARSONS, Creston, Iowa, Sticks 

"Mant" a^s. 

nom>dc-i)lume, fUlau^ and mlntakai are 
aroUtett hj/ Mating and ttampina the reptU* 
readu for maaiTia and urrUinff the nom-de- 
lAume in a cttmer. then IneUwinameh aeaUd 
rtpliat in an eninVtpeaditromdU} I7i« P«ii- 

t Jmtmal, »ot Bmadway. New 
xtiTK. t^utagt must be sent for fmward- 
ing Caiaiogue*. Keuvpaperr. Pliulographt, 

Ueacbers XJIla!itc&. 

■RANTED. M.inrt I, .11. IK "liu. .,r w 

-■- nBN'i' \i.i N4 \ I. ..i . ii 


SlJRht-jUSt 8b 

Business Opportunities. 

pOU 8ALE.-A newly «9.uibll«h(y| Rusl- 
■■ new College. In n prosperous and giowlnK 
town, dolnu b KOod bujlnei*. witli bright ppos- 

FOR SALE.— nnc-thlrd loterest ia 
two ol tnp leadtoi " 
Ic^es of the Middle Stmt 
full inforoDdnou. 

■ leadtoK Busmen 









l'|i»| liHrtiifiuii liTilli :sitlmiis.S[iiu litllu' lurtulujiJi' fkti^ itf all initkiiife; 

f^^^' "■^^^ ^^ ixknb OUT buy aab fdshuii sijmpaltzj h lfws£ on ipiiova, 
fp^~' Bfctutst oiilziiv ri-ftthonsfzipjfjis foss tails iv>ai wwxs. kimi 


inc (TkrtrlCT o\ M ussocurhoK he bra]xb m nmmima fox a yaiob of ifiiita baus. 


. 1 / fj 

Jl^St^ 'iyc'n//ianA<:i7txt'K2^wiA£b^ 

iContinued frompoQe L) 
from one cooteslsDl we wlH give a 
hadttr Kor ibe next be«t set of 

Cotupetltton clo»^fi Fvbr 

©rnflte tnitials. 

ipliouln be taken 


-810 fasfa will be p&fd t 

wbeii enffmvcd It will < 
J«w> of Thb Journa 
vruM or Ames' Best 
Hirictlons BS to ilie nu 
we piefer that tbey coi 

refcrCDOo to TiiKjooKr 

pctitorfi embodying i 

uloitet March Ift. 

Ipoliits aiiO IDircction?. 

be uwuiduU Just ii:jlliough bu hadn 
iredinic deatgos Tor c( inueHtions, 

iidtiPA nnd pins off 


Other compotitiODs are belugr arranged «Dd 
will bo Biinniinocd in due season. ' 


202 ni'oadway. New York. ■ 

PENMAN'S Art Journal 

ihers, to aid them in 
■: {to countries in Pos- 

New Vork, Jan 

ubllo School llopartaiont ...4><9 

Fratcrual Noti-s; Penmansbip OulIlDe (Htu 
Lucv K, KolW): Pourieentb • auer Id Qrnded 
CouKc In PunmaiishlpiJ.C. witter ; Notes, 

Kdltorlnl C:onimi>ni 8 

Tbfl Succrssful Tvacliitr: Tub Joubxal's 

pTooecdlDss lit ibi- Weaicra Peumen'a ConveB- 



n- EugnJiiliig,,'"-."'.'.'.." 


Etamlne address on your paper. H II i* not 
eiacUjr righl haie It corrected at once. 

In case of change ol address oe must be 
nolified at teatt a month in advance. M thltia 
not practicable, make arrange ments to have )0ur 
paper (or that month forwarded. Every JOURNflL 

«t cannot afford to remall papers if these 
precautions are neglected. We will supply 
duplicates «uniess they happen to be low at 
half price ift<e cents a copy to tubscrlbers only. 

Have your paper sent to your rtsldence. Our 
cipcrience Is that most papers that go astray 
are those addn sscd In care of ichool. 

It writing about subscription, slate time of 
subscribing 'appioilmatei and name of agtnt, 
tf subscription came In that way. 

Every subscriber at St Is entitled to be en- 

on which most of the College Proprietors. 


Pen me 

top subscriptions by notifying us. 
Prrsent subscribers. atlhe full price, not ( 
ills list, may have thtir subscription Iransferri 
D It by notifying us of Iheir wish. 


THE PROGRESSIVE penman or busi- 
ness teacher of this Jay keeps his eyes 
and his ears open for all that is going on 
in his field. He is interested in the per- 
sound of the profession ; want« to know- 
how th e different schools are getting along, 
when new ones are springing up— in fine, 
appreciates the advantage of keeping in 
touch with those who are doing the same 
kind of work that he is doing. We say 
the progresKi're teachers, those who are 
doing the best of the work that is dignify- 
ing and popularizing the "practical edu- 
cation idea.'' There is a class of teachers 
some of them people of no mean ability, 
who take a different view of things, or 
rather take no view at all. The moss of 
fogjism clings to them. They fell into a 
rut at the beginning, and have gi-aveu it 
deeper with each succeeding year of wear 
until the sides are too high, too steep to 
admit any reasonable hope of escape. A 
little modem sunlight may penetrate the 
cavernous depths, but the p^od of illu- 
inination is brief and flitting. For the most 
part the walls of their own constructing — 
walls of " good- enough-as- it-is," of preju- 
dice, of ignorance sometimes, obscure 
the beneficent rays of the stm of modem 
research and discovery. These men are for 
the most pai't in the business because it is 
necessary to do something, and doing that , 
particular thing happens to be most con- 
venient. Professional fellawsliip does mat 
appeal to them ; esprit du corps is an un- 
known essence. " We are the profession 
and we are for ?/s " is a f oi-mula that sums 
them up without exaggeration. Such 
teachers in tliis day of broad thought and 
fellow feeling, of searching intjuiry for 
beauty and truth, of universality oi sym- 
pathy, are simply living solecisms. They 
have attained to their intellectual and 
ethical stature and have no further giowth 
in them. The flame of their enthusiasm 
has burned itself out, and only the smoke 
and the smell of it remains. He who is 
without enthusiasm cannot he the canse 
of it in othera, and the least successful 
teacher is he who tries to make the dry 
bones of mere knowledge or doctrine do 
the work of the vivifv-ing human touch 
of fellow-feeling and personal sympathy. 

The fogy teacher is not always of the 
same kind. There are several varieties. In 
fact, Ego being the dominatiug element. 
each is more or less a class by himself. 
Some have long, gi'ay beards and boast of 
having been in the harness for years_ 
Granting them a certain interest that at- 
taches to antiquities, they have little else to 
commend them. And then there are fogies 
whose beards have hardly begun to sprout, 
for i*ge is not an essential to fogyism, nor 

youth a bar. There are men teaching in 
business collt^es to-day who taught forty 
years ago, and are doing their work with 
the Z4^t and freshness of unfading youth. 
Their maturity is the maturity of ripe- 
ness. There are also men who have 
taught for years, with the same oppor- 
tunities of observation and growth, whose 
careers illustrate the withering process — 
men who are being passed every day in 
all that makes the efficient teacher by 
mere boys, the ink on whose graduating 
diplomas is scarcely di-y. And when you 
find one of these bright, young (without 
regard to yeare), successful teachers, you 
find a man conscious of his own limitations, 
yet with the confidence which zeal and 
sincerity inspire ; one who does not tliink 
he knows it all or ever will, but would 
like to, and loses no chance of acquainting 
himself with those whose pui-pose in life 
is similar to his own, and of studying the 
methods by which they seek to accomplish 
that purpose. There is light everywhere 
if only we have the eyes to see it. One 
only makes himself ridiculous by assum- 
ing that the sun does not gild the premises 
of his neighbor because his own stature 
does not peiTuit liim to see over his hack- 
yard fence. 

Tlie .rournal'a SevenUenth I'enr. 

With this issue The Journal begins its 
seventeenth year. It has no special prom- 
ises to make, only that it will do all in its 
power to advance the cause for which it 
stands. It begins the new year with a 
more numerous and compact body of 
patrons than ever before, and makes its 
best bow to its friends, very heartily wish- 
ing them a Happy and Prosperous New 

Twenty or thirty professional peuinen 
and teachers of reputation have written 
U8 during the past three weeks without 
the slightest suggestion on our part, 
warmly praising Mr. Zaner's writing les- 
son in the December number, beginning a 
series. We have in hand a considerable 
portion of the copy for this series, both 
test and engraving, and can safely promise 
that the finish will be as good as the start. 
This is in our judgment the most com- 
prehensive and complete modern course of 
instruction in writing ever published by 
this or any other periodical, and it is un- 
doubtedly the most expensive, involving 
a cost of several hundred dollars. 

The following letter is from a gentle- 
man who has stood in the very front 
ranks of professional penmen since before 
the author of the series of lessons referred 
to — and scores of other well-known pen 
artists and teachers — were born. Any 
man would be proud to receive such a 
recommendation from such a source : 
pEincE's B. C, I 

Philadelphia, December 13, 1892. j 

Frtbno Auks.— luclosed is tl for a year's 
subscription for The Journal (in addition to 
my regular subscription), Zanei's lessons, 
jaat begioning, are worth many times tbo 
price of The Journal and I want an extra 
number to give away. If he winds up as be 
has beguD I venture the prediction that it will 
be a long time before their equal will be seen 
agam. He is logical, scientiSc and very busi- 
ness-like. I am charmed with the initial 
lesson, and congratulate you on baring secured 
his services. A. P. Root. 

And this from one of the best writers 
of our acquaintance among the younger 
teachers expresses substantially what a 
number of other progressive teachers 
have written: 

McPhehsox College, i 

McPhebson, Kan., December 12, 1892. t 

Feiekd Amks. — Matchless elegance and 
superlative excellence cbara'-terize the manj* 
featui'es contained in the December numbfr of 
The Penman's Art Journal. 

I unhesitatingly prODounce Zaner's writing 
lessons the ablest I have ever seen. 

Siocerely, S. B. Fahsbstock. 

The Jol'rsal has received during the 
past two mouths a few large clubs and a 
gratifying n amber of lists of good size, 
with many small ones. Two lists exceed- 
ing one hundred each come from J. M. 
Wade. Wilmington. Del., and G. W. 

Harman, New Orleans. Due acknowl- 
edgments of ctubs received, with specific 
figures, will be made i« good time. 

The JorRSAL's Iki-gest clubs for many 
years have come after the Christmas 
holidays, and we have the assurance of 
active support in this way from many 
school proprietors and teachers this sea- 
son. For sixteen years we have enjoyed 
this support and the confidence it im- 
plies, and the most progi-essive and pros- 
perous commercial schools of the United 
States and Canada have been represented 
in our clubbing announcements. We be- 
lieve that the paper is better in all mate- 
rial respects now than ever before, and 
while its expenses have greatly increased 
the subscription price remains the same. 
Liberal reductions are made for clubs 
and the particulars will be sent to any 
teacher or school proprietor upon applica- 

We do not claim to have the cheapest 
paper published. There are other papers 
that can be sold at a handsome profit 
at a figure considerably less than the 

cost of simply tlip r;i\v ni;itiii.,I (pa- 
per, printing, en^mvitm, ]-i--- w.irk) in 
The Journal. F^i .Wl ili.-, w.- pay 
a good price to int^ui.- Miiuiiir tiuality. 
What we do claim is lUat wf give the 
Best in our line that is to be had. 
and at a price that could not be low- 
ered without deterioration. The point 
we make is the best is none too good for 
the teacher to put in the hands of his 
pupils and is really the cheapest, even at 
an extra cost of a cent or so a month. 


* not 1 

' < reflect 
liis line, 



, tbe work others m ■ 

much of which i-- :.■ I 

encourage lueut. Tiir ^ 
is to the pupil; witb rftt-ieuce tn ibf selec- 
tion of a periodical fur tlieiiupil. to choose 
that which probably will be most bflpful. 
that one which is to do liim the 
most good and tlir Irast haniT, for no 
paper is wholly i; ii !■ m ii., |,.,iiitof 

view of any p;iiri i. i^mI, nor 

wholly bad. If ;iir, ■ i :,, Letter 

for his pupils l)y mrlm m hil,' i in m tn take 
any other i)aper than The Journal we 
my to him in all sincerity do so by all 

eally wants The Journal, and feels that 
it would be helpful to him, is so circum- 
stanced that a matter of a cent a month 
would affect his deci.siou we will under- 
take, upon notification by the teacher, to 
obviate the difficulty if we have to give 
the paper away. 

With particular reference to the pen- 
manship features of The Journal, it is 
sufficient to say that the paper is pre- 
senting precisely the best in all depart- 
ments of the art both m lUustr itions and 
engraving that it is p jssihle t obtain 
The illustrations co\ ei a wi le i m£,e and 
in evei\ detail are as perffct as tht} can 
be made The firae i j ist ^\hfri i pen 
manship i i I i 1 ssfully 

to an lilt II --"ing 

togethe ning 

or puT| b Its 

column \ I II and 

trusting t tlie huut i ti 1 uti ubofits 
friends to supply it with features 
That was all very well m the infancy of 
penmanship journalism. Today a dif- 
ferent condition confronts us. i'he grt-at 
bulk of illustrations must be arranged for 
beforehand. Men who know their busi- 
ness and know it thoroughly must be 
employed and well paid to have direction 
of these matters. In a word. The Jour- 
nal has been getting nearer and nearer to 
that desirable condition when every illus- 
tration presented should have its special 
value atid its special reason for ueing 
there, and not be a mere " effusion." The 
Journal does not believe in indiscrimi- 
nate '• flourishing " or in mixinir this sort 
of thing with business penmanship. They 
don't go together at all, and any student 
who attempts to mix them will find this 
out sooner or later to his sorrow. We 
therefore have long since di.-*carded the 
practice of strewiuK •■ Hmirished " Kpeci- 
mens promii^ruuiisly throughout the 
pjipfr, i>reffrring to put tlu'ui in a depart- 
ment liy theuisMv'.s, :iii(l h. i>P-riiI them 

may also get a good deal of benefit from 
it from increased accuracy and facility. 
In presenting tbese specimens in tht past 
year we have endeavored to keep them up 
to the very highest standard, and our sub- 
scribers are assured that the productions 

ZT t^m//La/}^ QytdyQyowuiaiP 

Western Penmen's Convention. 

C. p. Zdiier i)u<l A. C. Weblt. staff contril>- 
utors, to whom w© are indebted for the excel- 
lent coudcDsed report subjoined. Many of Ibe 

ng will have fuller 

, aud iH concluiii 

1 which he rtpre- W. F, Lyon, Supt. Penmanship in the prejudiced again&t the oblique holder, and have 

have Detroit. Mich,, Public Schools, 

C. A. Fau^t, Gslesbur^, HI., gave a lesson in 
Shaded Ba>>e Penmanship, after which the 
subject, " Simon-pure ' Muscular' Movement." 

dulged in, but good will and courtesT were 
manifested throughout. 

.r. Howard Baldwin. Mt. Vernon. Ohio, re- 
-li^nilfd to the subject of Corabiuntion Pen- 
in iff-liip and Bookkeeping, after wbieli A. 

number of The Jo 
O. W. Wallace o 
lege, Lincoln, Ni-li 
" Decorative Dra\\ 
His lecture was j.i 
listened to with ^vl 
part of his subject 

h a ulear aud torceful 

at all interested iu the 

be impressed with 

manner that an 

beautiful could .. __ _ . ,_ __ 

the great possibilities within the range of thi 
pen, and proved l" * ' 

this age of cultun 

ned the audience with rapid 
^kftrbes on tbe blackboard, which were thor- 

uu^ibly enjoyed by all, uud which but evi- mcir [juuiw* wtRfii. lueiesuii 
den ced the superior skill of this well-known appear later in Tbe Journal. 

the hand. Xhere 
it awkward and ti 

t of twenty pei-sons 
would get better all-roi 
straight bolder. 

liini urcut relief 
iler; but while it 
IS, an excellent 

their photos taken. The result will, doubtless. O*"" friend, N. C. Brewster of Elmira, N. Y., 
writes iu i-elation to the " Mixed Portraits" 
which The Jodrnal printed recently in rela- 
tion to an adv. by the present promoters 
of "Gaskull's Ci'iiipfiuHuiii." air. Brewster 
thiuks tbiif th. iviiMii. . [■ til- |i. lii ;,;ts may 
have beiMi i- n^ ■ \---\\ < 'i ■ :-Mi'-e, it 

n\ Seaaion, 

if this busy association 
: ..fii imppr entitled " Art 
i^'li'' Srhonis," by Miss 

Uave'upoi't, la ; \V. J? K ir ■ ■ , ' i •:■■ 'h '- ■ i ■ ' 
A. R. kipp, Cedar Rapui l. \ i w.ii. 
Nashville, Tenu.; J \ m '■ h '■ < i Mr 
bus, O.; C. P. Ziiii.'i ' .iiiiiiiHi-., ('., 
Frrd. H. Criger, Mihvat.t,..-, L. U. bb^j- 
pard, Mt. Sterling, O.; J. Howard Baldoiu, 

D. Miiller, Ciui-iuoati. 0. ; J. P. Byn 

, Eri( 

H. C. Rowland, 
lazoo; C. G. 
ng, Roches- 
I, 0.; J. J. 
ytiie, Pitts- 

E, StrougU, y.-iu- I i i> '. 'I ~lme, Cleve- 
land; O. D. W . i . I , Ince, la.; tJ. 
E. Crane. .Vmi ; i i \\ Uiiriuau, New 
Orleans; M. M h in -,,| J.,!i<f, lll.;J. F. 
Fisli, Louisvilk^ u. \\ . Wallace. Lincoln; C. 
W. Sl(jcum. Columbus; Mis. H. W. McLean. 
Covinston, O.; W. S. Hiser. Richmond, Ind. ; 
Alice U. Browne. Urbana. O.; F. O. Putnam, 
Omaha; K. E. Admire. ludianapolis; O. W. 
Brown. Jucksonville. Ill,; \V. J. 'IVainer. 
Museville, O.. W. H. Slump. Freeburg, O. ; 
P. R. Spencer, Detroit; J. C. Webb, Jackson, 
O.; F. G. Steele, Xeuia, O ; C. W. Sboup, 
Daltou, O. ; W. H. Aldenderfer, Columbus : 

C. C. Goodman. Findlay. U.; Wm. N. Smith. 
Wauseon, O,; J, P. Armstpoker, Unionport, 
Q,; E. C. Hawltius, Ronkontoma, L. I.; Mi-s. 

D. L. Stoddard, Kalamazoo; Harry H. 

Walker. \Vi 

. be 

la.; PBS, lVt.(-, fSiorm Lake, la.; O. O. 
Runkle. St. Joe, Mo. ; Euos Spencer, Louis- 
ville. Kv.; L. H. Jacksiin. Charlotte. N. C; 
L. C. Hortou, Maryville, Mo.; J. M. Mehan. 




attendance. The membership dues amounted 

to sioe. 

Ii was a noticeable fact that all seemed de- 
termined to have a good time, meutally, so- 
cially tmd professionally. All seemed imbued 


of personal ambilion is litiog lusiu inio me 
larger, broader, more liberal movement of co- 
operation, self-sacrificing spirit aud unitv of 

lied by J. O. 
Akron, 0. 
' Mechanical 

liu. Fausl, Kinsley, Nel 

anon, Ol 

lesson on the suoject of Movement Drills ._ 
Normal's To more clearly illustrate his meth- 
ods \io luniii'il till- tiiPinliers Of the Association 
into;\ > I I II. . n L- H very practical aud 

vtrumeutal music by Miss Burns of Columbus, 
who [Luuisbed entertaining music for the con- 
vention during the entire session. 

Q. E, Nettleton, Jacksonville, IU., read a 
paper on the subject, '■ Should the Teacher of 
Bookkeeping be the Teacher of Fenman- 

His views were that the two branches should 
be taught by the same person and he sustained 
his opinions by sensible and convincing argu- 

Xilueittional Ifeeda of Ftiimtn. 
After the usual discussion of Mr. Nettlott 
paper the Convention had th"* plcii-ni-.> nf i 
eniug toanadmirablyprepiii .1 I i|.. I i' ii 
W.N.FeirisoftfaeBigRi,|M,u y. > , i 
School, on the subject ol I . 

of Penn 

." On I 

Journal be requested to publisb it iu full. 

J. P. Byrne, Erie, Pa., responded to the sub- 
ject, " Business Penmanship," in a very able, 
entertaining and graceful manner. 

M. M. Desmond of Joliet, 111., favored the 

the Hushes." 

i heartily 

Green Gron 
il, and responded with 

the humorous selection, " The Widow Mai 

The afternoon session opened with a paper 
by Prof. P. R. Spencer of Detroit, Mich., en- 
titled, "What a Penman Should Know aud 
be Able to do." Truly, the subject was a broad 
*as handfed by a liber;il braiu and 

Q polished tongue. Mr. Spe 

of all. 

Howard Champlin, Supt. Penmanship Cin- 
cinnati Schools, illustrated his methods of 
securing "Ease of Movement." Mr. Chanip- 
liu gave some detail informuliou about devel- 
opment by exercise work, and used the Metro- 
is of securing the propei' speed 

iug the 

trk in a 

chology and Physiology" 

paper read by the Pre.'.ident of the Associalion. 
It wasthorouj^bly ediicationaland was listened 
to with an interest which proved its meilts. 
After voLal and musical seltctinns by Mrs. 
H. C. Rowland and a recitation by Mr. Stutnp, 
several novel blacbbunid contft^Cs ncre given 
in writing, driuvintc and lettering, which not 
only afforded a vast amount of interest and 
illustrated a re- 

G. W. Brown of Jacksonville, 111., read a 
paper on " Future Work of Penmen in Busi- 
ness Colleges." 

A. C. Webb. Supt Penmanship and Draw- 
ing, Nashville, Tenu., Public Schools, favored 
the Association with rapid charcoal animal 
> (ieligbted the as- 

Secretary, G. W. Harman, New Orleans, 

Assistant Seore'ary, O D. Wescott, Des 
Moines. la. 

Treasurer. C. A. Faust, Galesburg, III. 

Invitations were received from Lincoln, 

Resolutions ol 1 1 ■ i i lie Pro- 

prietors of the Z.i \-.y their 

courteous trentiii. I.I ,, , - .lumbus 

for splendid rcp'utj 1 l:.. „.iahe pro- 
fessional papers for the mlviimv nntices of th6 
roi^eting: to the ladies who furnished most ex- 
cellent mu-'ic, and to all who aided in making 
this the most successful meeting of the Associ- 


I columns in Uctonet 

It 1-, only ue< 

practically im[jossibie This 

Editor Penman's 

i wanted, I beg to say that there ._ 

, finer-pointed pen than the crow quill. It is 
Josepli GillotVs No 1000, and 1 send you a 
few specimens of it herewith, This No. 1000 




R. H. G. of Louisville, Ky., wauls to know 
what is meant by " cross batch and stippling." 
The first is a tint made by flue lines crossing 
each oth?r ; the other is a tint made by dots. 
Both are much used in portrait work. 

The Hammond 

mond machine, aud one that must greatly 
increase its popularity, is a new device which 
' e dtOiculties of making i 

machine in other respects this weakness 
manifolding was a serious defect and we a 
glad to know that it no longer exists. V 

need a duplicating machine — aud who doesn't 't 
— should send for samples of work done by the 
'■ Express Duplicator '^ advertised elsewhere in 

* Journals" Wanted. 

first named. Some of these 
ers weresent by inadvf rtence to friends who 
applied for sfiec-imeu copies to canvass 
should be glad to have them back 

disposed of only v 

Our pecial Christmas Number. 

The December Journai. is a beauty and ii 

full of good things.— IVi7/ianis <£■ Bogei 
uperb.— C. E. Weh- 

Hocf tester, 

December Jodrna 
ber, Gatden City H. C, Han Jose, Cal. 

The December Journal has twfntu pages 

ably markable versatility of imagii 
■■*'" muscle. 

Professor Parsons of the National Business 
* " ' " " ' ' nplished 

any mote tbmi the crow ,]^iiill 
with suitable paper aud luk. 
pert hand, it is a perfect pen. 

Novemhtr 9, 18K. 

Obthjue ifoldcra Again. 
A. J. Edwards, Reedsvillo, Va., nsks the 
I music. The Associa- "'tl question, " Would you i-ecoiumeud the 
ol thanks for their oblioue penholder as being the best for gen- 

■^ppi'iFil Christ- 

mas headiii - ;iii.l r . ■ i. i.|. r 

It includes 

Index of :,--\ I ii. ■ .: . .:;,. m - |. 

1 iiit.-<l lu The 

JOL-RNAl- l.i-- ■. , M. 1 

w >Mii rt-orth 

(No. fl.V.I) is, but 

Mulled for 

iLii I wo other 

Christmas numbers Mi TuE » 

Journal, all 

Henrv Hoe. 

richly illustrated, for 20 cents. 

Wp don't believe that < 

thou-iand biisi 

body to attend and take ji;n i ,u 'I i , .. . 

oflhe *' Division of Business and Cummenml 

._ — Colleges of the Department of Education of 

V -^"^tV® ^'^® World's Congress Auxiliary of the World's 

-i^.n followed by Nettle- Columbian Exposition, 
genial member from- 

think they can do better work with it and get 
better work from their pupils. We are not 

In fact, Bro. Kinsley 

Prof. W.N. Ferris Ol :i,. 

Industrial School was i:i 

spouse, which in elegance uui 
left nothing to l>e desired. It 



nd \e»s trouble and 
i-ic. No roller, no 


Get your class medals, badges, etc., also pro- 

c/eA/fiOA^ QyvzLoJvic, 



N to clve to tbft P<'uii.u..<ui^ -.... <^w 

T^nrhinK Prof^twlon. no It-st thnu tothe irtudcDt 
of tliwe brnnchrti. tho Iwit paper in the line 
■i..t «,«„■. «■■•., priDtcd by u« or hy any one. 

Thntnt h-iifit Mbnll ho ihe '■••.■ .". - — 

Vnti Hliox.'x tlic niitcomp will be nblo lo nay 

how I farly it will Ijovp been rcfllfzed. 

— H, V. Tetcr. p^nniaD of LeddJD, B.C. 
Slcnipbi-.. ih OD« of Ibp bc«t pUiln 

flnP plate paper, and ^y^ unmistaksble evi- 
denotr of prosperity. 

— C. N. Hamilton of Indianapolis, an ex- 
porienred leHcher of penmansbip and com- 
aiercial branches, has teen called to tbefncultv 
oltbeUuDcie. lod . B. C. 

— F. M. (Jlines, Providence, B. I., is master 
of a beautiful open styleof penmanship as easy 
to read OS typewriter print. 

— Tb© Woldeu Bros, have now two prosper 
oua com. scboolai in tbe prosperous Lone Star 
SlAte. Both Ko by the name of Ibe Texas B. 
C. The parent institution is at the Statu 
capital, AuKlin, in charge of L. R. Walden. 

whoM< Ictti'j 

..ork lu bin „. 

— The Rushville, HI.. Normal & B. C. offers 
exceptional ndvnntages for a practical t u«in«^s 
troiniut;. Maxwell Ksnnedy is its enterprising 


.), A. Aiiii.r.<in. teacher of penmaut^hip 

,in<l ■III 1.1 1(1. tu- lit tlio Woyncsboro, Va.. 
1,1 I ,T . ^. .11. T,( Mi-iter and has a happy 
I .. ,, ■ ,. i u i;i._ his kni>wledK*and skill to 

i; .1.1 I \\ I, Clerk of the Chancery 

(V>iiit, Lnulsviilc, Mi>!... bas o reputation of 
keeping Uin Uuv'itt reconla in that ? 

med last 
Worth, with C. fi. Waldeu as resident prin- 
cipal. Both ropcrt nn excellent business. 

„„. _ — O. P. Wilson. Prio. of tbe Queen City U. 

He is doing good C, HastinRs, Net)., tak*;3 a deep interest in the 
penman'ti art and appreciates the iuipor* 

I of hi^ pupils up to gradual' 

Votxl hax l>cou I 

subscriber for 

1. Normal Coll. is pre- 
i hnndbomc new build- 
bus a well regulated 
it in charge of D. E 

t to the buslness-teach- 

t>otb &e] 
- The Wwi.. TV) 

iu. of tbe Auioia, 111.. 

itiidcom. teacberwith au 

During tbis period he 

nf the S.-i,> C..II..Scio, 

M. Kelchner of tlie High- 
(dll-iDes Moines, Iowh, 
I 1- crowded. Kelchuer is 
I. Ill tbcs|ieciBlponmau6bip 

I the Vrft Hrrss, Biir- 

t month, and iulending students 

and attractlw, bas been received from G. E. 
Weawr, Mt Morris, 111., a compeUnI and we 
dare »ay succrs&ful pen artist and teacher. 

— We are in receipt of the twentv-ninth 
annual catalogue of Parsous" Nationaf B. C 
Columbus, Ubio. It is baudwrnely printed oo 

of keeping th(» 
Ibe proper pitcn. 

— E. E. Bender of Mt. Holly Springs, Pa. 
a promising young commercial teacher, ' 
joined the faculty oi Huut^tnger's B. C, Hi 
ford, Conn. 

— Fltttoua, Texas, has a bus, coll., conducted 
by Harrison Skaggs. 

— A handsome ond stylish diploma was re- 
cently lithograped at The Jocrnal, office for 
tbe (iarden City B. C, San Jos^, Cal., from 
pen work executed by C. E. Webber, penman 
and part proprietor o( that institution. 

— Tbe -Tth anniversary of tbe Tren- 

— Our friend C. E. l.-owe, Itte of the Gale 
City B. C, Arkansas City. Kan , bns now 
charge of penmansbipand com. brancbesat the 
S. IV. Kan. Coll., Winlield. He has large 
cla.*se3 and is doing excellent wark. 

— Tbe St. Catbarioes, Ont, Coll. of Com. 
issues an effective new circular. On tbocover 
is a print of the handsome large building in 
'vhich it is domiciled. 

— Seattle, Wa»b., has a new school — the 
Acme B. C. McLaren & Thompson, Prins. 
Mr. Thompson is master of a particularly deli- 
cate aud effective stj le of penmanship. 

~ The Journal has many friends in St. 
Patrick School, Quebec, where it is ably rep- 
resented by Bro. William of tbe faculty. 

— The ninth anmvei'«arv graduating exer- 
cises of Clark's B. C, Erie, Pa.. occurre<i on 
December 21 . An enteriaining musical and in- 
tellectual programme was enacted. Fifty 

useful c 

of the number ' 
1 "teacher, bas typewriting d. | 

their diploinu passports t 

I III. -.I- \l>'iiit iiue-fourth 
-' ti ..III tli< ~)i>>rihand and 

.i.v. Iirl>n-ni|.liiiii:establish- 
I and handsome 
design it is. 

— F. M. McLucas is teacher of penmanship 
in the Western Maryland Coll.. Westminster. 
- One of the most expeu- " 

her late of. ing ail 

Coui. Coll. and tbe 
.i-*ed under one man- 
believe, tbe schools 

— 1 li.-s,-M.|,ii, , ,.iii,Ti-|,tin(i<..f Childs'B. 

C, Sj,i iiiKliflii, iMn».. ««> IjtflJuu December 13. 
Tbe Cjpruiglield Ripublivan puts the number of 
those who atleudcd at more tban a thousand. 
Prin. Childs is a progressive and prosperous 

— There are many good writers among tbe 
pupils ol the Charles City, la. , Cull. Our ac- 
complished triend, Fred. Zilliox, bas charge of 
the pennmiisbip work. 

— One of the newest buds on the Brooklyn 
censuH list now adorns the household of M. L. 
Miner of Prait Institute. Ihe young man ar- 
rived somewhere around November 'd^, plump 
as to proportion and lusty of lung. 

- Priu. N. S. Beardsley reports 

unrique feature of this iustitutiou Is a well 
equipped musical dept. We don't recallauy 
ottier bus. coll. thatbasonc, though many of 

ized at Muncie, Ind., with M. B. Thompson, a 
teacher of experience and one of the beat busi- 
ness penmen that we know, as tbe managing 

— No man in the business that we recall has 
belter ideas of tasty advertising literature than 
F J . Toland. Pnn. of Ibe Wisconsin. Bus. 
Uni., La Crosse. Some particularly effective 
designs in colors have recently been received. 

— W.J. Musser, proprietor of the Washing- 
ton, Ph.. 11. i; . .lUo tt-iiflii-r of writing in tbe 

Eriuci(>al, and our other accomplished friend. 
1. F. Gulley, ucuman : " Asouevidenceof tb© 
popularity of tbe Burlington B. C. Uftv- 

t£e past two weeks a 'd all but two of the 
number are from out of town. There is little 
doubt of ewry seat leing taken during tbi 

> that bus 


tbe Iron City College, Pittsburgh, Pa. 1 h 

e of tbe methods pursued 

may nod that a Urge pn)portion of the pupilii 

:.iitlv set forth i 

..rthnnd School, 

— A well-made ciLulogue, idaia. neat 
businesslike within, ana urnamealed a: 
cover, comes from Scholfleld's C. C, Provi- | 

intendeuce of 
(wbicb is a fnl 
other gifted fric 



i pniu^a 

any exr-e 

' and press-wurk 
ion was chartered in 
"Ijiis. J. Smith. The 
I number of graduates 

hn can bold bis own 
line of oruate shaded 
icellent busine«- 


— The Lewiston. Me.. Journal at Decembei 
10 prints a large portrait and sketch of Prin 
Frank L. Shaw of Shaw's B. C, Port 
land. Me., and adorns the tale of his success 
ful cureer by neatly pointing the moral to tin 
rising generation of bread-winners. 

— M. A. Stone's Little Rock, Ark.. Com. Coll. 
I'Jtb year, claiu 

commercial school 
dudes in its faculty ; 

tailed by tbe Secretary 
with a miUtary depurti 
rather brilliant coup. 

— "Weare pleased t«i 
and carefully edited ^ 

Dtry 1 

officer of t 

■ Ml, 

is now iu prepuiuLiuii at lut Joi'RXaL office 
for this college. 

— The Kirksville, Mo., Mir. Coll. emplojs 
two teachers of p(>nmausbip. Both are excel- 
lent writers and both are women— Mrs. W. J. 
Smith aud MicH Lame V. Owen. If this can 
be said of any other com. school iu America 
we are not aware of the fact. 

— The Bus. Dept. of Marion, Ind., Normal 
Coll. is making rapid strides under the intelli- 
gent superintendence of J. C. Roberts. 

— We are in receipt of a handsome new school 
journal from tbe Uoldi y Wilmtngton (Del.) 
Com. Col. It bas a fine ^.pecial beading. J. 
Miller Thomas is publisher. We acknouledi-e 
tbe pleasure of an invitation to a special 
Xmas entertainment given by this college on 
December '£'2. 

— The Athinta, Qa.. Journal speaks higbly 
of tbe expert testimony of our friend J. t». 
Harmison. proprieiur of the Rome, Ga., B.C.-. 
given in a trial at that city in ubicb the genu- 
ineness of the signature to a note for tl'^OUO 

Not many teachers of bi$ age, twenty- 
seven years, have had a more exten-sive ex- 
perience at responsible work. Be went to tbe 
work well prepared, having tn-oduated f 

j^ T REKMS that .m 

r suggestion 
"vv Jidraircr 
I. Ill keep a 

^mm^ ,-., , .1,,,, .1 

1. ..k struck 

mi :!/;,■ ;':,v 



1 number 
1 . i>'iring to 


fp'' ':':'' 

1 • .\part 
..( ^iich a 

Mere ! 

rille, Va., B. C. Prin. . 

■ furniture and fixtures have be^n 
supplied. G. W. Uootman is principal. 

— Here is another costly and richly illus- 
trated catalogue. It is the special 

worthy of his bu' , ii 
is probably too Im . 
fun of tbe thing. S ■ 
utss. Possibly you 
have receive*! a letii 
lu the profession, in which nise your .-.crup- , 
t>ook islikely to betberichi-r. Nuturully here J 
at The Journal office, dealing with tbe e " 
profession, we are especially favored ii 
particular. Letlers Irom the following per- ■ 
i-bicb happen to he before u " - "- 


don't believe Mn.i 
in the way of i;. n 
themselves and - [n 

being satisQed to plai 

class is from the Ga. B. C, Macon. Wj utt &. 
Martin, Prins. 

— The portrait here presented isof a talented 
penman and commerci'a! teacher, I. I-. Smith, 
of the Practical B. C, Texarkana, Tex., of 
which he Has been Superintendent for about 
two years. He went there from the faculty of 

up: H. B. Lehman. Kan- 1 
le of thu most delicately 1 
:hat wu have seen iu mar.r I 

ill allow our readers shall J 
iv of judging for them- ■ 

^^ .1 ilie faculty of theJ 

lib.; W.l 

Morrf- I 

penman and deM;;ii. 

e City, Mich.! P. A. Westrope, 

— We have a epirftod sketch of a burse,) 
which also involves some well executed oraa-| 
mental lettering by W. J. Stucey, OmafaOi 

style of cbirography c 

ton. M*?. : MS Kin;-. ' olumbuh. Mo. ; H. D. 
Moore. Handle, Miss. : <>uy Livingston. Ev8D»-l 
ville. Minn.; C. C. Hart. Wjlliamsport. Pa. ;l 
I. N. Inman, Hartford City, Ind.; W. N." 

competitions announced in hkst issue and tfaU 
are just in tbf ir line and offer inducemeat«J 
that ought to cull for their very best ■ 
We trust that every peaworker who reads V 



will contribute sometbiag for at le»stoneof 

the coinp«titioD». 

— A few years ago one of tbe most active 
peumeo of our acquaintance — and we mean by 
tbat onf wbo!>e work was lieeu most frequfutly 

Tliut bl»i peiniiansDip baud ba^ lost 

bundantly shown by n number of 

uollectiou with som« further 
sjiecimeus of his delicate art, both in script 
and fancy penmanship. Ho has a very tin'* 

pleuty of snap itud go to them from the pen 

Eaaterday, peumiiu of Si. John's Coll., An- 
- A large holiday design embodying i 

Park Normal Coll., iJes Moin 
companied witU 6ome suript strokes of 

- E. M. Cbarti^-i-, Priu. N. W. B. C. Sioux 
City, la., favors ns with several rich and deli- 
cate specimens from his facile pen, including 

-H'ii.ji villi-- .'iii'l ,1 iii.iinl".! 'ii iiead draw- 
s of ^iHiit i|unlily. He i^ (.'uthusiastic over 
calling and is bound to make his way. 
(lood specimens of plaiu writing, which 

- We have received a particularly j 

admit with v>v^a\\ mi.. \ . i.i -. r n>! ;. i..|,i. 

— J. It. Elder. Ikai Bniu<.li, huL.seuds us a 
neac little Christmas design. 

- Photograph of a set of resolutions well 

executed as usunl i 

j.iii of I. W. 

lies before. 
. Dept. of tbe 

siderable dovrer drawine. It is easy enough 
to\ eea that Mr. Sburtleff is an enthusiastic 

— We received some time siuce, but have 
somehow overlooked itup to date, a reproduc- 
tion of ar ----- . - . . -. 


. Mich., subn 
IS. His 
Ottawa County 

man, bcottaioiU. va.; W . \ . aurague, MiU- 
field, (J.; H. D. Moore. Handle, iliss.; 8. 
Leolerc, Montreal; H. W. Smith, Corydon, 

) : Miss Ida McCabe. Martin's Fevr; 

students' Speefmens. 

— T. C. Strickland. Prin. of tbe Greenwich, 
R . I . , B , C . . sends us a number of sheets se- 
tbe regular weekly class work of 

I mifdium light line with -•iomo shad-- i 
capitals, and presents a stvli-li w.U ;i> i 
effect. Among the be-'.t ir (In \>ii'i 
D. .). Lindsay, E. A. Bni:-- I : i . H. 

resemblance to the old hand. In his lett«r 
aMf. Russell thus brie&y refers to his methods: 
* I placemy copy on the board and give tbema 


Gneer action in making the loop letters, 
provided tbrre is plenty of '■ muscular" 

e each student who takes 
[Hbout fifty of them do] to 
iLiiij; lesson and give them in- 
liow to proceed when there Is 

sent, and all of them are crwliiable to pupila 
and teacher. 
— Om- friend J, L. Hallstrom, who looks 

r and a particularly successful teacher. 


Business Practice Guide.— We are in le- 
ceipt of a copy of '* Businof^ Practice Guide" 
if business practice departments of 

By H. W. Kibbe, lllvstrating his Accompanying Lesson in Album Enarosaing. 
V friend W, .T. Kinsley of the Wes 

have tocQntent ourselves o 

personally comphmentintr Daniel f. Sandell. 

Edith Burch, Amanda Joaoson and Adolph 

Every te,'irl,,< ,,l 

pie who have to ■ 
out of the profe- 

land, Me., submits a fine lot of specimens from clever gentfe 

Jin forced with 
plain writing by students. 

be a penman and another l_ __ „ 

Judging by these specimens, our friend is 
singularly fortunate m both lines. These are 
among the pupils whose writing most im- 
A. M. Samuels. Phillip LeGrow, 

Scio (O) Coll. a number of letters 
students in first-class business style. Parricu- 
!ar mention should be made of J. C, Mansfield, 
Milly Ryder and W. R. Graham as submitting 
the best of these specimens. From their ma- 
jld hardly suspect they 

specimens from H, C. Knwinnd. one ol the 
penmen of that mstitution, to whom 
mdebted for above specimens. 

•rapbook mention received 

This is another »i>} i i.ii,_;.;,,i n isawork 
you want .and need if you nrt- iuleie-it^d in the 
tcacbiuK of penmanship. For the rest you are 

' >rr^. L. H. 

lis ^-iiiiH.i.'. Mis. Packard's latent offei*- 
e bifore us. They comprise two pam- 
r pageseach in beautifully 

foresight of Mr. Graham have fortified his sys- 

penmanship had been neglei 

credulity but 
t that prior to 

; George H. Grow. Fred Smallwood" 
Patrick Curran and Christian Lauer the aver- 
age time between the writing of the specinn 

Cleveland. O. 
Co ofthesani 
eooe. comprJBi 

book of this sort would be invaluable na afTord> 
ing opportunities for quick preparation on 
technical wor4s likely to be used in that par- 

brH'.ilor.i Lm! 


writor, and i 

s piiblisliMl b>- 



long-time fn. 

md r. A. Kl,.,., 

large pages and is liand-onielv buuud in cloth. 
Mr. Fleming is author of b number of other 
well-known commercial texl-books, includinst 

York, »Ij 
cal books. 

AluuTimil!-. 1 ^^ " ' , ■ ' ^- ' '' ^^-^^ 
Adams, w bo in his owu nmdii -iillempt-i to 
; that in a degree the lower animal has 

Album Engrossing. 

HAVING- tbe matter to be engi-ossed, 
the next step is to decide what ma- 
terial to use. If a thick book is to be 
made, heavy biistol boiird sliould be used 
for tbe inside, say twelve ply, which is 
about the thickness of ordinary ^vindow 
glass. To cut such board nicely, a card 
cutter is necessary. We have one with a 
twenty-four incli blade that cost twenty 
dollars. -Albums eugi'ossed on such board 
are usually sent to a biuder, the edges 
gilded, cloth liinges pasted to the leaves, 
and an elegant leather binding put on. 
But we shall, iu these lessons, give direc- 
tions for engrossing an album which may 
be finished by any penman "without leav- 
ing his ofBce. 

Decide into how many pages you will 
divide the matter to be engrossed, and, 
ha\-ing decided what form of page to use. 
take half as many sheets twice the size of 
the page and fold them carefully, the fii-st 
one with a broad tui-n. the second a little 
nan-ower, and so on. until the last, which 
may be folded close. The reason for this 
seemingly unnecessary care is, that the 
leaves may fit closely together wlien they 
come to binding. 

For fear our explanation is not clear 
enough for every reader wo will illustrate 
it. See drawuig 1. 

Place the leaves toL^.th'T nnd number 
each right hand pii^'i- in siiiaU pfiR-il fig- 

at the lo 



'•I ■ ■ ■ ■ I ■ , :(l)OVe 

iliL-ui ...*.i ii^-iii ii;;iii. I.. U-ii, aiui number 
through the pilu on the other side. We 
illustrate this in drawings 3 and 4. 
Now, sepai'ate the sheet** and work the 

glges by number. *■ Crane's Wedding 
late," or '-Imitati, r ivn.i nt;' is 

the stock to use f'^i ri i-t rner, 

if a smooth surfaM i ■ ui.l the 

latter, if a rough t 

.■ill tr 

I good shapn. 

See Prize Competition announcements on 
front pngf. Every one. should try his hand 
, on !^o. 1 and at leant one other. Both stu- 
dents and professionals will find something 
in their line, and you nefdn^t be afraid 
either to have a try at No. 1. // you appiovK 
this feature^ show it by rJoing your purt. 

'"^k^^^ <Lyen/naMA(lyfktoJvturuilO 


Here's a Chance for the Aspiring Graphologist to Exhibit his Skill. 

The followlOK cut* wjih subjoined eiplnnaHon were published last month. We have received a number of interestjog replle? 
t^otbni man)- as we should have received, and ttnnk Ibat amlsEuke wiu made In allowing too short a time f< 
publication of Kltrnaiures until next month and eit*:nd (Imu tor "guefflio?" until teb. Joubsal Koee to prt-s 

We shall dufer. therefore. 




Civil Service Examinations 

Vountf men wnd women who wish to he 
•-xainincd for the Government or Railway Mail 
Service send f>tnmp for puticuhrs nnd bes' 
meth<>dsorpreparallon. .Vlfljappo'ntmenta weie 
made lamt year throunh competitive einniin- 

The Osgoodby College, 



K'-tnlutlons, etc. etc., artistically executed. 


A trial is BoUclt«d. 

WM ('. FIIEKMAN, 2tl5 R. Indiana SUeet. 

rhkii^o. Ill 


The (■levelund Bindery. Publishing Itcpt., l»ti 
Seneca Street, Cleveland, Ohio, wants the names 
of all teachers of bookkeeping on postal cnrds 
and will send samplo pasca of "Normal Book- 



We curry In stock a hundred styles of Qne 
diplomas for Bus. Colleges. Com. Colleges, 
rollegcsof Com.,eto. Public. High, GradwI. 
UdIuu Schools, etc. (also Pub. school cer- 
tltlcates)~iQ short, diplomas for all sorts and 
coudltiODH of school, nanxr. and looitioii 
blank. Cati supply by return mall at 30 cents 
Odoh. or can lithograph to order with name 
and locution complete. Pine illustrated cat- 
alogue iiud specimens scut for 25 cents, which 
may he deducted from llrstorderamouuting 
to $1. Siy (IJ H'fttU Wild 0/ scJiooI; (21 H-ip 
maiii;. Can't give close 
this knowledge. 



iHke I 

I by 

: lowest figures. Can 
make aiijihmg you want. We also carry In 
stock iliousuad* of cuts needed for all adver- 
tising and Illustrating purposes, which can 
he bought lor one-iblid what it would cost 
you to make tbem. Give full iwrticulars. 
uur new catilugue, containing scores of cuts 
for newspaper and catalogue advertising for 
commercial schools (names of all studies, 
classes of school". lelt«r-hoadlDg»,etc.). sent 
for 15 cents. Catalogue of ornate imttnls. 
I-piecfS. etc, 10 cci 

deducted f 

t order of SI c 

Other Specialties, 


specialties, including School Oirrrncy. 
HIaokboHrds. etc.. and Penmen's and .4rtist« 
^uppllc$— pens for all purp«>ses, Boe can!- 
board, drawiug paper. India, itold and silvci 
inks, pantographs, book*, etc. Send s'anu 

D. T. .\MES, 202 Broadway. \. V 

•, Intellectuality- 



1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete EditioD). with aud with- 

out answers. The Standard Arithmetic Retail price, $l.."i(l 

2. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containing the essen- 

tial part of the complete book Retail price. $1.00 


CORRESPONDENCE Retail price. $1.00 

With propifr tliscovnts to Schools, 

of reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L H, Packard, under Mr. Munaon's 
supervision, and acknowledged to be the best aids in the study of Munson 
Shorthand. Send for complete circular. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23(i St., New York. 



iiledi ruled and wide ruled, espec-lully for 







, M. CROAN. Prest 


W, J. KINSLEY, Treas. 

9^lF^iF^F^I^^lF^?IF'9B'^i!=^I? ^4^^K^^B»'iii^9i*'^i?^??^IF^IF^nF^K=^TF^lF^?|F^lF^^'*i?o 

Good Writing is Capital* 


of those ne<.'<tlng the Boat Peiiti for 

Fine Drawing, Map-Making, Card-Writing 

Joseph' QiuS^^ 

which are especially designed for such piirposes. 

659 The Crow Quill. Points superJIne. but 
firmer Ihan t»e preceding. 
" 1,000. Points microscopically fine-indeed the 

Joseph Cillott & Sons., 
01 John Street, New York. 

Jewelry or WalMics. Check n- 
return niRll. .IddrexH 

45 Reynolds Arcade, ROCHESTER. N. Y. 





contains 25 beautiful plates, size ot each 
5i,i X y,'^ inches, and a book of instmc- 





Ml v„,. 

■'VM,''.'' " 


Auburn. N. Y. 


lee uii bear irom you m rciatiou to Prize 
Oompetitioo No. I. (See front yage.} 


ICO of my opinion 

o Itae advanced dcparlm 

enjoyable and produce 

H. W. FLICKIN6ER, Philadelphia, Pa. 

P. Box 825. 


-) Specialties. ( — 

Uiipreccdeuled Success or '* LessonM lu Kapld Wrlllns.'i 

Although this work has been before the public but a few moaths. Its sales have exceeded 

r greatest expectations. To see is t'l pufchase, and one order brines many. The gist of it :— 

One Hundred preffes— 5.J pages of beauiifut writing— Sound, comprehensive instrvetion — 

Best quality paper — First-class printing — Elegantly bound— ffoid side 



have just issued 

the teachi 

Qple slips free. Addrei 

Comi College, Rockland, Maine 

wrltinir. .lust the tiiinjt to facili 

to follow the plans of inatructioa »8 

IS9 for 50 cents. A discount of 50S 


ICHWATER MARK of the penmakers art. 



vhlch is THE be 

',^mS£j^' rcor:?rss I A. E. DEWHURST 

illll 4RT18T#P ENMAN. 

Exeeulei all Kindt ol OrnimenUI Psn Work 

To Order. 

tf A. E. DEWHURST, Utica, N. Y. 

•J W £://■■;'/'- 6 £\/e/ 




evPFT luteUigent 



The Merits and Demerits of Bixler's Physical Training in Penmanship 

and that Court of Justice is the World. 

7 being tried in a OOTTl 

are bein? examined, and we want 

There is not a more intelligent, judicious, wide-awake young '/,y**i4'',?''j'^*, j^Sf^'If'^'^'f.'LU* 
penman holding n le-sponsible position than Prof. J. O. Wise, *'' ">« decldedt,fjhe BtSST. 

Ciiiflceat diplomd. He aavs : world than Mr.Miller. As an all t 
re than you aivertlae t'"i' peers. He says: " Conception of f 
' Prof. Scliell is at present tlie requiaite of good v ' - - 

ved to daf«. 

Lesson, Tuition, Flourishing, 
hImo, Send for a copy 


~cye/unanA Qyvity Cl/cu meUP 


Look at thia Liat! Thert'a about the aame proportion in every State. 



All ilic above imnri '.i \!i\ i ■ writers learned ihe system from ihe H.\ 
K ni .SiANiiAKii I'ni ' M n . i: a i 1 n , I tit; bcst shorthand text book ever published. 
Send lor a free copy oi All. Aiini r Pm..\o(.rai>iiv. the largest and handsom 
■Ihand circular ever published. 



I Phonography I » '^i'- f i! ''i I'li - .1! < ,,im'., -i,.',. i'i','i.,.i" i .'.'I. ,.' 

PENMAN'S ART JOURNAL, 202 Broadway. New York. 

Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 

The autlior of this work is Prof. Alfred Day, a shorthand 
r<-])()rlcr i)f 25 years' experience, author of "Aid to Graham," 
" Shorthand Copy-Book," &c.. President of the Cleveland Sten- 
ographers' As.s()ciation, Principal and Proprietor of Day's School 
of Shorthand. 

It does not pretend to be a new system. It presents Graham's 
System in a wonderfully simplified form, doing away entirely with 
Ihe objections that have been made to that system by reason of 
its interminable complications. Prof. Day has removed these 
slumblinsr blocks, making the path of the student entirely plain. 

The results obtained by this work are unequaled in the historj' 
of shorthand teachers. "I'he publishers will be glad to give scores 
of testimonials from those who have acquired proficiency in a re- 
markably short time with no other teacher than " Day's Complete 
Shorthand Manual." 

The book, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
l>v mail ])iisi-paid to nnv address on receipt of the price, $1 50 

kfifth edition sis 



THE BURROWS BROTHERS CO., Publishers, ,.^. 
23 to 27 Euclid Avenue, - Cleveland, Ohio. 

1 he Henn Pitman System of rhonography 


American System of Shorthand. 

lulnlKT of ii]rBloi__ 

/. OgU'tta KeporifT 



has since 1855 been the staodiird tfxt-book of Hlioriliaml instruction in Aaicncft. It 
has been twire revised nod rewritten (in IfittO and in iaH5)— the Inst time by Hrno 
Pitman and Jerome B. Howard in coIlaborHtion — and it is now more Inrijely u«ed in 
American schools of shorthimd, buiiness collecres, seminaries, academies public schools 
and coHeees, than are all other fhorthand text bopks combined. It has reached its 
275th thousand Hnd is now issued at the rate of over 25,000 copio* u year. It contains 
H4 duodecimo pages and retails at fl.OO a copy, in cloth covers, or $.80 a copy in 

-Teromp B. Howard. i< the only tssmtiid text-book besides the Mouual, and eondiicts 
the student to the briefest style of writing used by professional reporters. ISmo, 
187 pages. Price in cloth. $1.25; in boards. $1.00. 

B. Howard. Large 8s^o, 44 or more pages monthly, among which are eight pages of 
beautifully lithographed phonetic shorthand. A periodical complement to the text- 
books and .the authentic organ of the Benn Pitman system of Phonography. Sub* 
scriptinn price, $1.50 a year. Now in its sixth volume. Vols. I-V in cloth cover?, 
$3.50 each. 

end for 



nd s|>e(inicn pages of all phonog 

A liberal discount will be made to all schools and to teachers 
of Phonography, and special prices will be quoted tor introduc- 
tion and exchange- 


C ^ \ 

naphio H'ccW;/. that tells bo 


Larsreet like eetabUshment tn the world. Flrat- 
clasB Second-hand InstnimeDtsacbalf newpricea. 
Unprejudiced advice eiven on all makes. M&- 
cbiues Gold on monthly pflyrtents. Any Instm- 

EXCHANOiXdASPECftLT^. Wholesale Dflcea 
to dealers. Illustrated Catalogues Free. 

TYPEWEITEE hi Broadway. New York. 
HEADftUASTEES, f ^"J Wabash Ave., Chicago. 

Is a new jDveDtion by the author of the " New Rapid " System. 



' NEW sfANDrRrSHORTHsi''''c'ii'N "bT "iF ARNEd" JT HOME 

McKee's Home School of Shorthand, 


Learn Shorthand? 

I have applications continually for 
young men which I cannot fill. I could 
have located two or three times as many 
young men the last year if I had the 

There is no better field for smart young 
111.11 tlidu Shorthand Writing. Lei it be 
;. -t.ppiu- stone for i-oniething higher. 

SPANISH taught by mail and person- 
ally , Spaniards txught English. Bus- 
iness men furnished competent Sten- 
ographers without charge for my s 

OSWECO N. Y. 1-tf 








Ihouianils of arbitrary WOSD-SIGyS, These make the study of shorthand dit 
, hinder speed, prevent legibility, and burden the niemory. 


n^rite H. M. PERNllV, Author, Detroit, Mich. 

The "Old Reliable" 


Ideal Fountain 

construction and 
operation. It is 

Is simple in 
perfect in 
the best 
ment of to-day and it 
will be the pen of 
the future. 
t will cost you nothir 
lot satisfactory, for 
be returned and 
r money will 

Try it 

L. E. Waterman Co. ri-12 
157 Broadway, New York. 


This new and elegant book presents 
the principles of Qraham plionograpliy 
in a very clear and systematic manner. 
It saves time and labor and prevents 
discouragement. Position taught from 

The simplicity of the rules and their 
freedom from exception insure higher 
speed and greater legibihty. Number 
of word-signs greatly reduced. Large 
type, elegant paper, beautiful engraving. 
The cheapest and best text-book. Sent 
po'i'p.iid, securely wrapped, for $1.50. 
To teachers, with a view Iq intro- 
duction and privilege of returning. 


iiiili'il 1-1 thr iw i.f icxt-booRs adopted by the 



'1/Vhlch System of Shorthand Should we Learn 

/'""^ Written on the fln- 

— ^ est quality of cjivds 

/'~~'!^CT'C^ '" "" PfssiWe styles 

( ^^ and combinations 

^/'/Z-i^y^ l-yamanwho^tands 

-^/ir-i^y%^ withont a superior 

( ^— — s. in this line of work. 

^^. ^ for only 40 cents. 


■-.I -.1 .ii.ii.ti-, i.inin, meiliura or tloui-lshcri, 
\ - ^ I iiiL^i il-i-liy. 15 cents. A packak'o of 


It t«beniiliful nnd ibere in money iu ll. 

I wtllFiend you some bcauriful spcfimenf) of 
flower work out with * knife andtra<h vou how 
to do it tor 11.00. Toucan make a living; out ot 
this work, 


In pi-nmanship, by mail, for only $3.00 cash In 
1 have btcn more succesiful and nave inugbt 

PK^lMAN'R Art Jouhnal, 2i pages with supple- 
ment extra, ft is the larueet, most expenelve, 
best illustrated number of a penman's paper 
evtr printed— a veritable treasury of pen art 
illustrated by more than thirty leadinij penmen , 


Standard !;s?'MiSISS^'^ 

Sfttiafaclion Guiranteed or Money Refunded. 

N Ai lo.N.u, I ^ I'Lw \i\ 1 i:k CO., 

ILLUMINATED WORK. l^^.l^l. l^o Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

SR n ^^^ ^^^ SPECIMEN OF 

Highest Possible Quality. 

FROM the time when tlie Reming- 
tou Typewriter— the first practi- 
cal writing-ma -hine — was taken to the 
famous Remington Gun Works in 1873, 
till the present day, the policy of care- 
ful, constant and progressive improve- 
ment thereinauETuroted has been stead- 
ily carried on. 

Tim; s.imi^ pnlirv will be pursned unceasingly in the future. Patents 
Ini luipiuVLments tothis King of Typewriters are constantly 
i-suin^'. It ift iiinv covered by 
^I^PATENTS, most of them 
O Vli i\ iiig from twelve to seventeen years to run. 

AMPLE guarantee is thus afforded to our patrons that they will not 
be subjected to the annoyances incident to the use of other 
machines on account of snits for infringement. 

THE REMINGTON is to-dav not only Unsurpassed, but Uuap- 
proachedfov Excellence of Design and Construction. Quality of 
Work. Simplicity and Durability. 

Colleire circulars. 


The Haiiimoud docs it. 

Which Machine should be usedin Schools? 

Hammond opeyators can place themselves 
XV it h out delay, while HUNDREDS 
of type-bar operators are looking for en- 

The Hammond Typeivritcr Company, 

447-449 East ^id Street. 

Sales Office, 77 Nassau Street, 










U/illia/T^s 9 1^0(§er8' ^ommergal Pijblieatio95 


The I 

nly complel 

I published. 







PEN-WRITTEN COPIES (Reproduced), complete edilim 
PEN-WRITTEN COPIES (Reproduced), abridged fdillo: 



ENCE, - 


■ ..')0 


1CSH Practice for Comnierctal Schools, Btank Books, Busittcsit Forms, CoUeye Currency, Connnerc 
ami Shorlhaiid Diplomas and other Coinmercial School StifiplieH. 

Samples of copies will be sent to teachers for examination at half price. Specimen pages and Catalogue giving whole? 
introduction rales, and one thousand testimonials, sent free to teachers on application. Address 

WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Publishers, Rochester, N. Y 

fi.NO, I'i; 




= ^ teel Pens 

have been used by expert 
writers for over 32 Years. 
They maintain an envious 
reputation for Superior- 

Will send by post 12 
pens No. 1 College, in a 
nickel -plated box for 
pocket, on receipt of 8 
cents in stamps. 


870 Broadway. NEW YORK. 




one is inclined t 
fame— from the hcnorB 
geously earned. If tbet 

penman witbout first i 
nrepamtinn. from an ed 

Educational Needs of Penmen. 

[The fdlowlntf paper was read by W. N. 
Ferns. Principal of Ferris' Industrial Institute, 
liig Kapids, Mich., at the late meetlnif of the 
W. P. A., nnd is here publlahed in full at the 
spcciiil request of the Associution.l 

At first siRbt the subject, " Educational 
Needs of Penmen," seems to represent very 
little that is worthy of discussion. Perhaps I 
may give the subject a broader meaninu Iban 
ifae pTiint TrTTrrl-» in"" to imply. I infer that 
the term "penmen" has reference tn n |.i.> 
fession— a group of men and 
women who, tbrouRh pen- 
manship, secure a livelihood. 
If tbey write visiting cards, 
"flourish," engross or teach 
penmnnship, tbey may be 
called penmen. I also infer 
that fifty or a hundred years 
ago penmen gave little or no 
attention to the subject of 
education proper. Whether 
they bad what might be 
termed a comoiou school edu- 
cation or not was of little con- 
cern. The itiuerant penman- 
ship teacher got along fairly 

literary journals; by representatives of the 
so-called regular professions, it is largely their 
own fault. Instead of bemg exasperated by 

He could also fill a position as engrossJug that the ability 
clerk. If he desires to teach penmnDship, he of serious consi 
i sufficiently broad preparation 

they should be grateful. No 

for the higher positions. I hold that if 

schools of to-day are gradually i 

reali7« the impoi-taoce of the writing teociier; 

he is still brought within its doors hesitatingly; 

f professional penm 
deaigos teaching ii 

ti education does r 

rades. This C 

lose he is to be super- 

if he 

was • failure in speUing, 
punctuation, capitalizatoin, 
business correspondence, etc. 
However ignorant he might 
be in all matters pertaining to 
books, be could write cards 
anil "flourish." 

In all of the great fields of 
education have occurred what 
might be termed revolutions 
1-elating to the qualifications 
of teachers— relating to the 
subjects taught^relating to 
the raethodB practiced. These 
revolutions have occurred in 
the field termed "business 
education." Business educa- 
tion itself was an innovation. 
In fact, it we go back a few ^ ^^^ ^^^^^ 

centuries, we find that it was 2 .7. ^ sha- 

supposed that no one needed i r*. p.zam 

to be tdu'-ntpi! unless he was i^ MissBtini 

fitting himself for the minis- JJ f' / Fish 

try. The colleges and uni- n MissStcv. 

versities were established for 
the clergy, uot for any other 
profession, much less for the 
masses. By and by law and medicine de- 
manded a professional training. By and by 
the educational world demanded that teachei-s 
should have a profes-sional triiinmg, and then 
the uormal school was established. By and 
by the business world said give us trained 
bimkkeepera, and the business college sprung 
into existence. The difficulties involved in 
making these changes found their origin in a 
false idea of education. That this education 
should havi; dominated the thought of the so- 
called penmen of fifty years ago should occa- 
sion no feeling of surprise. It still has a hold 
npon thousands of America's teachers and 
upou tens of thousands of the people who are 
not directly interested in securing a livelihood 
through t'ducatiou. 

The more progressive teachers, together 
with thinkei-s and readers, realize that educa- 
tion ought to develop the man— ought to give 
the man skill in using all of his powers. This 
education need not necessarily be related to 
books. Edison is an educated man. Tom 
Edward, the Scoti:h shoemaker and naturalist, 
was an educated man. Hugh Miller was an 
educated man. These and thousands of others 
developed thfir minds, sharpened their in- 
tellects by coming in contact with things at 
first hand. The tendency of the times is to 
bring tue human mind more and more in con- 
tact with nature. Our progressive teachers 
do not care less for books, but more for nature. 
We have a right, therefore, to call the atten- 
tion of penmen to these facts. If. atany time, 

I.'. 11- llll 

were of such 

o make the 

! i; injatisfactory for 

I welcome 

j( the times. 

en should i 

My and ac 


) so far ill 

m.^.ing edu- 

reader. His nai 

Penmen.— From Photorjn 

alen at (lir hit-- Crilumlnt^ Meeting. 

e iii the woi 

.1 he must have 


ou, I don 

t believe that I 

=ed to consu 

DC much of your 

in emphasizing 

Perhaps the 

can do is to call 

■iir attentii 

a to the good 

by impressing 

mug people 

who enter your 

bools with 

correct notions 

the qualifications that pen- 

en should possess. 

I regret 1 

1 snv that too 

l.iivi],^;.^ schools 

ri' ni.ikiii'j 

'-.|"T;\r.- efforts 

should be able to express his thoughts in clear 
and concise sentences ; he should be able to 
spell correctly the words in these sentences ; 
he should be able ti capitalize and punctuate 

)rkiug knowledge of 
ri] government, gCbg- 
raphv and physiology; he should be thoroughly 

some of the fields of penmanship, not" all of 
them. He might write visiting cai-ds, and he 
might engage iu "flourishing," if there is 
any place on earth where it is demanded. 

fact, if he is 

ary college, or of some excellent university. 

his influence as a specialist in penmanship i: 

the importauce of his work, he no loncer allows 
superintendents and principals of high schools 
upon the people that writing has 

It lies wit 

^ vm 

, ladies and gentlemen, to 

as.sist in tho 


vork that is already under 


trv; to assist in educating 

young nu-n 

one of till' II 

.. .iii>'ii- 111 u}m,-|i ilii'v may 


:lll (-X 

■.■;.||..ii ^ .-ij '.Mil l;iko the 

most pains t 

and youug \ 


who have graduated from 

no] a, 

penmanship put 

letbiog lor them. 

Out of ./oint with tl 

he penman who cannot 

ii'Iiuatipd. lioes 

FoQtrpiece by S. V. Holt, Lincoln^ Nebraska, Normal University. 

even the cici 
disgiuce to 
enough for i , 
candidates— that 

good English, who, 


sinii. There is work 
e demand more of our 
say, demand longer 


iu*t a> Hirong aod uiia>inproim»iiig d«>mAD(U 
m l«half or a liberal Mucatioo as a rutwary 
i.rpparation. I believe that ytf aj* moving In 
that dir«<^ion. NotwithrtaodiDf: that fact, 1 
believe Ifaat peanuiubip as a pr<>f4^ioo U only 
Id Its Infancy. , 

B<?f«jre penmamhip COD bocome a profrtsioo 
proper, the in-tiiutianii that traio pCTinien 
a)U«t uo-lergo Important chaogw- A careful 
•tudy of the cataloiuea and circular^ from a 
laren number of theae institutions cmvince* 
me that there but been comparatively little 
good work done in the way of flMioe young 

UoQ even in the rudimentary braocbes. 

Lues than a dozen of the normal schools of 
t/vday are professional in the strictest sanse. 
They have \x«a compelled b^ recognite exist- 
ing conditions and suit their frork to these 

gooo wora aone in luc wbj wi hkmuk 7"— 
people for the work that properly belongs ' 

from tbi4 coDvention happy over the thought 
that our id^ is as Krand as that of any other 
class of workers in America. 

people lor toe worK inai propcny urwuiiii i" 

a peoman. Tbes» institulioiiK have awnmed 

that they havea right to estflblinh at once the Penmanship from the Standpoint of 

ld««l businem colJege— the ideal " pen-art pHvrhDlonv and PhvsiolOQV 

linll." Their founders say. " Basinew coIIpk-^s rsycnoiogy ano rnysioiogy. 

KhoHid be profwlonal ^^hools. It is not our ^^-^ (,3^.^ j-ea-l with unuli interest a 

^^^.T.xl7n^"r.i ":"";'::„>;"''■ "^ paper read at th. late W. P. A. couven- 

lamntii. Mr.rullther« tion by Presulent W. F. (Jiesaeinati. The 

an- "'""?"",\ \| ,,,. 1 I . katreQlew- «nl)ject is " Penmanship from the Stand- 

ditiorw,nr>t ut A u! -j I'li 1. point of Psycliology and Physiology." 

If the youn^; man wh.. -uh-in my iK.'hool wya j Jocrsal is 3o pressed for spacc that 

that hp wishes I', becomi- « poninao, 1 do not _ i* ....... .. 

simply place hi" name on Ibe resiiiter. accept we can only give place at this time to the 

bin tiiitiMn, and -tart him along on the line of following extracts : 

work that h« ha» cho-seu. I explam to him the „. . _. , ^ , 

oxiMlioK 'lemanils of the world upon penmen i Education is a growth, e slow development. 

I tell birii wherein he wilHail, even if be should Penmanship is a branch of education, a 

T'l"^ ^rn^*?"!Ii?ml*^I^Hl'h?^^^^^^ development of the mind and manual dexter- 

',l.| £.(^ii.-ninn(ls w.nii-Uiiiiir nioiLt. ity, and grows, with time, to be a part of ust 

Tt. II i-ini II, I. ii h ji .III n - iM v iiMi.(ii-lii|> until we call it second nature. Education is 

"i"' ' ' 'I I "I '' ' " 'I ", 'i*^! from within and cannot be tagged on or 

"''I'l \\ I |, ,, ,, I , ii' I I. , rill I Iku poured in from the outsiile. Every child born 

'^'l',,, 1 .. >:' 1 >vi I III mill 1 iMv, into the world must go throuirh the same proc- 

Hi 11 I I II I " ' '' "'~ 03S '>f ilevelopment in gaining au education of 

*''' ' ' ' '^ ' ' ' ' '," '1" 1 the mind or training of the muscles. Of 

"^"''l , ,i , I ,, I,, I, i |, I, , , ,1, .1 I 111 lui- course, environment is an important factor in 

thfi 1. 1K_. ;; .11 Ije J ui. ih^ii Mm 111 in. -■ I mI- this development. . . . 

!pm* rnim kne" wlmt the uiifiviniliiiik' result jy ^^ ^^j^ days writing was slow, tedious, 

"Tnra'S.are that I occupy a position which hut legible, until it might well ba siid that 

is critliii-iiistiinllv nssnilwl by many business whit would require an hnur to writ* could he 

cdii-jii'T' ! r-'j-rtt now what I su id before read in a minute; now a man can easilv write 

S; ';"';": ';'"::;', :;|,^~SS°^r°I.^"K moreinan,in„.Wh«„c»nb»re«liD«ul,™r. 
j„iv I:, II i^ this: If I had pre- 


■ompelled to make this cboic 


t I believe nine out of ten of all 
the biisn"ii->.s colleges in this country ought to 

I propose to discourage the average appli- 
cant from the farm and workshop from enter- 
ing upon the profession of penmanship until he 

sitting or standing and goix) pAnmnnehip re- 
quires the same. Tbi» is oltiaiued in sreat 
meoaore by resting Imth feet flat on the floor. 
Where the feet are thrown forward resting 
upon the heels the teodency of the body is to 
be thrown bick resting on the shoulders; 
while on the reverse, if ihe feet are put under 
the chair or twined arouid Iht* chatr legs the 
body is thrown forward and the weight is 
upon the arm^, and as tho muscles are in a 
tension there can b» no freedom of movement. 
\\'hen the head and body are too far back, the 
arms at obtuse angles at the elbows, the work 
is too far away to oe controlled and when the 
elbows are too far apart, each bent at an acute 
angle, tho muscles are strained with extension 
and weight, and cnnuot move rapidly or 
isily for writing The right forearm should 

form. The hand should t>e straight forward of 
the forearm at the wrist to he natural and for 
freedom of lateral movement the band should 
stand up preferobly upon the nails of third 
and fourth fingers. The angle of thumb Joint 

■ muscles, 

ing with the forearm rest, are situatrd arouud 
the shoulder jniot, while the arm rests upon 
the flexor carpi ratiiatis and other muscle* 
This would give a good name for the writing 
movement which needs to be distinguished by 
a special appellation and not a general term. 

The deltoid movement on the Jt-.ror carpi 
radia(i.s muscle would always he understood. 

The mind learns u fact much more readily 

of the brain, ami 
tried it much, ^ay 
and the subject i.-. i. 

The teacher of penmanship in thi»i latter part 

a comer scale which will l>e found very 
nsefnl in marking the margins. The man- 
ner of using the scale will he understood 
at a glance. 

Pencil dots are made on the four corners 
of the sheet and the b«>rder is then worked 
between them. Such a scale %vill be found " 
nsefnl in many ways. If you do not want 
the bother of making such a scale we will 

will send a two-cent 


In our next lesson we will show two or 
three complete pages of work. Some 
desire has been expressed that we touch 
on brush work in these lessons and we 
are perfectly willing to prrparc a page of 
brush and pen worlr ii-it ttn- ■ Tpriwe of 

engraving is consi'i' 1 'i- >■ ihiti for 

line work, but if mi m ; 1 1 ■ i. uvim- 
ber want such 1 1. l-mbt 

The Journal will St, Mi> I iii.i\ti:i .-xpcnse. 
Let the Editor know. 


Criticus: " Why do they call this oil paint- 
ing rare, I wonder ! " 

Candid: " Because it is not well done. I 

This is the department which demands 

forthapurpo-.oi 1 m,_ ■..,. Intilish educa- 
tion. l^aliT oil Uu-N Im*. i,...t.i-.l iuu|>on the 
penmanship and commercial departments only 
to form a ivsolutiou to use their first earnings 
on leaving Ihe school to return for tho special 
llnfiof work. The English training depart- 
ment has therefore become s source of prollt 
to tlie peumauship and commercial depart- 
ments. The patroniige of such institutions will 
•ileadily increase. The businew world has 
come to think mon> highly of the instituiiou. 
It is m this way, and iu this way only, that the 
work of penmen can be elevoted to the posi- 

It is possible that the time may come when 
the pen-art school and the businets college will 

Bii H. W. Kibbc, 

We learn a little only at a time. How much 
of a sermon or lecture do you remember, or 
how much benefit do you get from a series of 
lessons on your specialty ( A point hero, an idea 
there, something perhaps that you can asimi- 
late aod build upon in your own way, hut not 
much compared with the amount mtonded to 
be conveyed. We leain mtiat loiidily those 
things of which we ulreoily know aomebbioK. 
A new fact or a now light is brought to our 
attention on arithmetic. We giusp it at once, 
but when information is given upon s 
- ■— -jression. 

t the other i 
all. We learn that which 
inake^ an impression upon us, and we repeot 
and repeat . . ■ 

Physiology teaches ua that every act of a 
nerve leaves within it the ability to perform 
a similar act with greater ease, and this con- 
tinued forms a habit. The rfprtitxoa, 0/ an 
acl tvtth an effort toward confrni prorfu 

> design of the handwriting; and e 

e learns to write well, unless the mind c 

bookkeeping, because they require thinking, 
to practice penmanship, bi-caiwe he vainly 
imagines it does not. and while the hand would 
hold the i>en running around on the oval 
exercise the mind would be " wool gathering." 
Such practice is worso than wasted, Hxing a 
bad habit which makesit all the moredifficult 
to learn to write well. Such a boy is Uke the 
colored penman riding a mule, who inquired 
if be was on the right road to Columbus. 
Wlien answered in the offlrmative, he asked 
bow far it was, and was answered that it was 
24.907,S miles if be went m the direction he 

J*hytlologlral Coiftdtr 
Physiology and the laws of health require 

fatinu his Accomjiunying Lei 

stand the v 

velopmeut of trained movement ; must study 
methods of teaching and possess natural 
ability to teach in order to interest his pupils. 

done and is still doing. It is a profeesiooal the body to t>e m an upright position whether 

RULE a sheet of paper as shown in 
drawing 1, but remember we are 
not giving sizes and proportions in these 
drawings, only ideas. The side lines are 
to secure uniformity of margin, and any 
number desirable may be put on the 
sheet, and several sheets with different 
widths of ruling may be prepared. 

Take two pieces of clear pine wood not 
more than one-eighth of an inch thick and 
about one-balf inch wide and split them 
part way as shown in drawing 2, Cut 
out a L'-shaped piece as shown, place the 
ruled sheet under the one on which y.^u 
intend to work and secure them with the 
pins as shown in dniwing 'i. 

If the lines on the ruled sheet are black 
they will show through the top sheet so 
as to enable you to do writing and many 
kinds of lettering without ruling with 

We are trying to make these Instruc- 
tions perfectly plain to every person in- 
terested enough to read them, and if they 
seem superfluotis at some points to the 
professional penman, he will please re- 
member that he had to leam at some 

Borders are sometimes worked around 
the pages, and in drawing 4 we illustrate 

Facetious (ii-nt (alioul to enter tramcar 
wet day) ; " Is the NoahN ark quite full ! " 

Passenqer : "All but the donkey ; st«p 1 
sir."— A/u7ic/(enc7' Kalender. 

*' You are altogether too fresh," sold i 
potato to the egg, " ' ' ' 

" Now look hi 

that when 

havu a good t 

Mrs. Bridie: " How much is your income, 
Charlie l " 

Mr. Bridie: "You ought to know, you 
spend it all. my dear." 

Jess: "George says my voice is of well- 

Bfss : " How could he tell » " 

" By the cracks in it." 

Big hats can never be " nil the rage " at the 
theater. Fellows who don't wenr 'em will 
always hold a big percentage of the rage. 

Mrs. Nuborder : "That's a verv pretty 
motto you are working, Mrs. Browne-Hush. 
' Learn to say No.' Is it for your son i " 

Mrs. Browne f/ash i " No, it's for the din- 
ing room."— floston Gazette. 

Maude : '* She is a woman who has suiTercd 
u great deal for her beliefs." 

Ethel : "~ 

Maude : ' 

No. 3 shoe on a No. ii foot and a 2.'!-inch corset 
on a SO-iQch wnist." 

Tourists (at a narrow gau(;e railroad sta- 
tion) : " Any cemetery here i " 

Native : " None that I km 

Tourint : " What do you < 
that die here waiting for tm 

All who use a duplicator for letters, circu- 
lars, etc.— and what pebman or bus. coll. pro- 
prietor fioes'nt ?— should investigate the Ex- 
press Duplicator, else" ht-re advertised. 

latat imagesttons, and may pay 
you t-i'. Buy a postal at once and try it. 
Anu sugti's'ion looking to the improvement 

of The JoDBrfAL in 1 

g^glp^ f^cvu/i arid QyCit oJ^axnalO 

Lessons in Business Penmanship. 


A REVIEW of phenomenM of the men- 
tal (loinain is (Hiite as essential to 
the teacher an'l student as a review 
of the forms Hsed to develop the mnscle 
and the eye. for. after all. these exercises, 
forms and movemenis are but outward 
expressions of inward images, ontward 
activities of inwarfl exertions. If the 
inward force and impression be imperfect 
we cannot expect Ihe outward expression 
to he much better. A well-trained muscle 
may assist and improve the imperfect 
conception, hut it cannot make entirely 
good the defective mental vision. On the 

pose than to tell us we are wrong: o 
we are right they are beneficial. If we 
see we are right, they encourage us; if 
wrong, they convince us: if neither wholly 
wrong nor fully right, they liberalize, 
broaden and brighten the horizon of our 

The trend of the young porker, the en- 
thusiast, the hobbyist is to give too much 
attention to some one thing, to magnify 
" one-idea" schemes, to conclude that be- 
cause " one-idea trinkets ■■ have brought 
their inventors fortunes one-idea methods 
will bring fame, forgetting the fact that 
their pet theories may not be the " fortu- 
nate inventions of the age," but instead 
the "worn-out" or "rejected" of the 
previous age, or that while a thing may 
be beneficial in a certain capacity, too 

Yon might study, study, study, from 
youth to old age and yet fail to write re- 

You might practice, practice, practice, 
from the morn of your birth to the day of 
your death and fail to write finely. 

But it wonld be difficult to 
how one could practice properii 
minutes without benefit. 

Study the forms on plates e and I'. 
See that o is on main slant and round and 
full-like in conBtruction. while the o part 
of the a is on the connective slant and 
longer and less round than the o. 

Piat. e „„„»» .ST«NO««D K> 


— toNiti(v»T.v.t oeaaty . 

z: /^ -<^ /27- ^^^y ...^i^Tz^yi^ 



/t^ .-z^y .A'C^z^d^ ~ 



-^^T^^^^-T^T^^ y^^^-^.-^^^^d^^^^^^i^^-'Z^ Oy 


^-^^ .S^ x^2>' ^^ ^ .Jzy ^^ y^ ~ 

-LOOP Le:TJ.£R5.,--AN.ALX5l.5, tAER-CISt-S*,. W0R.05i 

other hand, if the execution be defective, 
the hand unskilled, the outward expres- 
sion cannot be perfect nor even excellent, 
though if the conception be good, the 
vision clear, the hand can scarcely be so 
deficient in cunning but that some beauty 
will find outward form. 

Therefore, if your ideas are good and 
execution poor, improve the latter by 
practice. If your skill is great and con- 
ception deficient, improve the inward 
sight by study. If both perception and 
performance are poor, improve them both. 
If you are proficient in both, be not con- 
tent until you make them still better : if 
not for yourself, for your fellows. 

Nothing so develops the whole man, so 
encourages the teacher, so benefits the 
student as a careful observation of the 
practices of others. If for no other pur- 

much of it may be as detrimental as it 
might be helpful if used in moderation. 

Like the " cure-alls'" in mi.rfHrcs(called 
medicines) they usually " cure nothing," 
and as medicine sometimes injures and 
kills, so these pet schemes, methods, 
practides, sometimes injure and paralyze. 

Like the learned men of all times, who 
have acquired their knowledge by littles, 
by simple inquiries and childlike question- 
ing, by gathering from this " nook." 
that " corner." and the other " place," by 
persevering, by industi'y, so would we say 
to you who wish to improve your pen- 
manship, your teaching : Be alive to the 
things about you, be not prejudiced un- 
duly, be industrious, be ambitious to 
learn, be it from child, simpleton or sage, 
and ere many yeaw shall have passed 
your regrets will have been few and your 
pleasantries i 

In practicing from plate E let the hand 
circle quickly in motion on the little 
finger pivot-like rest in making the o. 
Form slight pause at shoulder of r, make 
down stroke in k more curved and more 
quickly than the ordinary down stroke of 
the average letter. Make o quickly and 
f) part of o deliberately. Make about 
sixty small o's per second, in groups of 
three each and one-half inch apart. Don't 
rush from one letter to another like a lost 
dog from one person and object to an- 
other, but form a slight pause in finish- 
ing before starting to the right or stop- 
ping briefly before making the following 
letter. This applies to where wide spac- 
ing is used. Again, do not make wide 
spacing in the letters but bettteen them 

In plate F you have two extreme mo- 
tions to deal with at the beginning. The 
one is too circular and the other too direct 
and htteral. Practice both, then try to 

harmonize them, the loop or fourth prin- 
ciple will be the result. Send practice 
for criticisms, etc. 

The substance of these lessons will not 
be in favor of nor against any persons. 
The edit*ir has given us the privilege of 
presenting these lessons without restrict- 
ing our expressions either in text or letter, 
and in so doing gave us the responsibility 
as well. Therefore you will not hold him 
good for our own opinions. Whatever we 
will say will be oiir honest convictions at 
the time, whether in favor of popularity 
or against it ; whether for or against 
systems, slaw or rapid ; whether pleasant 
or bitter to the partakers. 

C. B., Jr.. inquires: "Do you mean when 
you say 'let little finger rest in niakiug lat 
Element,^ to us© the fingers in making all 
down strokes in which this is found ? " 

No. We mean this : that the little finger 
should rest, but that the thumb and first finger 
should not act. Simply rest the baud on the 
little finger and draw the hand toward you 
without slipping the little finger; this will give 
you what we term a liand action. 

The object is to hold the muscle« of the arm 
ill cheek ; the dragying or resting of the Uttle 
finger downward serves in stopping on the 
line ; it assists ?n the controlling, without 
which movement avails but little. 

We do not recommend the holding of the 
wrist flat or parallel with the desk ; it is a relic 
of the post, not modern nor physiological. 


We bavent tini 

Several Journal readers have written re- 
cently to inquire where metronomes for use in 
teaching writing may be obtained and at what 
price. We are not familiar with the article 
and are not able to give him any iuforn-ation. 
Will some of our friends who use metrooomes 
in their class work supply the information * 

A well known Indiana penman and teacher, 
in a note to The Journal, says that he 
doesn't use. tea, coffee, tobacco or alcoholic 
drinks, and would fike to know to what ex- 
tent those articles ai'e used by good penmen. 
Personal statistics of this character are rather 
hard to get at, and only crop out-occaBiooally 
in hursts of confldenre at conventions Teach- 
ers, of course, ere presumed to be abstainers 
from intoxicating drinks, and very many of 
our acquaintance do not indulge in tohacco. 
Whether this ahstentioi e'^tends to such bev- 
erages as tea and mlfoe, as npolied to any 
considerable proportion of teachers and pro- 
fessional penmen, we ore unable to sav, but 
think it extremely impmhaMp. No nile cjin 
bn laid down for this wirt of thing, as so much 
depends on tlif individual temperament and 
physical couditioi). Anything that has a 
tendency U^ unduly excite the nerves would 
naturally Ifiive its impress on delicate work- 
m.inship' and should bt- avoided. Tni JofR 

Speed in Adding, 

W. L. Starkey. Supt. of the Com. Dcpt. of 

Paterson, N. J.. High School, writes: "My 

students add one hundred figures In coliima 

composed of numbers in four diEit-;. in from 

by our fr.. 
ton. N.J,, 

ly inquiries WB will say that 
uuy be dated back so as to 

Irifuds for sendlnz eopie 
i. Should this notice com 
)lhers who have such copies 

that they can spare we should like to bear from 


Fraternal Notes. 

We are always glad to see the work of pub- 
lic school studeuU. J. O. Gordon, speciAi 
writios Uwcber in the public whouU of uocky 
River, O.. aubmils a number of iipeciineDfi 
•bowing the work of his pupils, who have 
profited by special instruction onr *"" 

, ... . jty Ave spt-cl- 

s that deFiervi* separate spr.>cliil commend- 
1. but we have only space for a fow nanic«. 
he advanced titudentit Edna Pcidu', Edwiu 
rifk. Hattie Novill and Archie .Jordan 
show excellent w..rk. In the primary depart- 
irf \>-^ Maggie C. 

Q onion i* 

aoiODK thi' , 

of thidroiintry M.- I ik. > nil active interest 

in Thb JofBN*i.'s wiirk iind throURh bia io- 

flueace just about every public Rchuol teacher 


Writing Talks 

To Public School Teachers. 


A'o(<.—Trb Journal's JonK-ttmc friend. W. F. 

LyoD. of Detroit, one or the best Known and 

f nubile achool iiGomanBhlp 

_ _. n In much demand as n lect- 

and explainer of public schnol writintt 

,>.^.iod9 at Business Educiitoi-s' and Western 

cnmeo's Conventions nod at other teachers' 

wiest writers iiathcringo. He hits n linppy. conversational 

ihijj specialists way of saying ihinifB so (bat they slick In the 


ing np— we can hear it long before we get 
to it. It sounds like a boiling kettle. Tbe 
water rises a foot or moie from the surface 
of the surrounding water, and if yon take a 
pole and push down in there five, ten. fif- 
teen. or twenty feet right down in the crev- 
ice of the limestone rocks, you can't begin 
to touch the bottom. As you pull it out it 
flies out of your hand. Take a stone as 
large as my fiat and throw it down into 
it and it comes up as though it were a 
ball of yam. Take a barrel of ink and 
pour it in there, and in five minutes it is 
as clear as it was before. Now that is a 
spring of water. It is not affected by 
what you put into it. only for a short 
time, but the stream down below yonder 
shows what you have done to the spring. 

The Spring of Amerlean Manhood, 

This spring of water represents, not the 
subject that I am talking alwut. but the 
material with which you have to deal — 
the young boy, the American Iwy. a 
spring of water tha^ is never still only 
when it is asleep, and then you can see 

apart. The impi 

shown hy Hilda 
1 in indeed n^mark- 

Oiir friend E. A. Cast, who U well-known qji 
an accoraplished all-round profeslonnl pen- 
man as well as a public school specinhst, has 
for three yearn past had chirge of public 
school work at Clierr " 

III. He sends u 

each number of Tut .im 
contain the U'^efui. tbi- l>i 
catlonal in pemiiauiihip." 

O. A. Whitmer, an experienced andsuccej^- 
tul teacher, has cliart'e of the commercial de- 
partment of the r.a Porte, Ind.. High School, 
lanship, of course, is an important port 
Bro. Whitmcr shows bis appre- 

of subscribers. 

A mend un wimm we susiwct incipient 
waggish teudencies) wants to Vnow if '^80- 
roral" isn't a good euougb word to Incorporate 
in tbe caption of these notes. "Sororal" is 
eood cuough for the dictionaries, we believe; 
but " Fraternal" is a quite big enough to in- 
clude the prufossiomd sisterhood as well as 

Do you do evei'ything connected with your 

IK .l-HRVAi. ■ Xo iiiultor hnw M.iall a .Ictail, 
will Iind inleresled readers, and, what is 
ore to tbe point, may do good 

Two New Attractions. 

The " Writing Talks," by Mr. W. F. Lyon, 
begun iu this issue will, we are sure, be read 
with pleiusure and protlt by teachers and those 
wbo are preparing themselves to teach. 

Another new feature, to beein ueit issue, is 
a series of articles on " Blackboard Drills," by 
Miiis Lucy E. Keller, whose many valuable 
contributions to this department are a siifHcient 
guarantee of their practicability ;aud usoful- 

£lement« and Principles. 

/ y ^ /.y-^<r 




Short-Letter Grou|>, 

y>y y)y y/y y/y 



bird Principle, or "Loop Group." 

// /J 

// /J 

y /^ /^ ^. /- 

^y ^y- , 

■^/y , 

^ry^ .^^" .-^ y/y. 

^ y^ 


j^ ^ .y 



// // /y 




Fourth Principle, or " Base Oval " Group. 

Sixth Principle, or "Stem Oval" Ornu, 

^l-J'-y . ^^^^Wf^>^^^ 



I Coniiecd'on it'i(ft Mr. Wiittr's Lesson, NfX't I'age. 

the fingers twitch occasionally when he 
imagines he is playing ball. I have often 
thought as I looked at that stream if I 
could only put a cap over it. and then put 
a pipe into the cap, and lead that water 
down into the village, I would get a 

wonderful supply of water, enough for 
all. If we could treat this American boy 
in the same way. if we could only cap 
him and then put u pi]>e into the tap, we 
could always have .in abundant i<npply 
of energy. But the capping process must 
be done with care, there must be plenty 
of room for esitansion. or the boy will 

T%e^ KindM of TrarAer. 
I went into a room one day. we will call 
the teacher Miss X.where I had some work 
examining pajierH. and she stood by the 
table doing something else. I heard her 
say: " We must have less noise in this 
room. It must be quiet: Johnuie. will yon 
sit down. Jimmy. I thought I told you 
to stop talking. Harry, you are up again: 
will you sit down; We must have it 
still." And so on and so forth. You 
know the rest of it. In a short time I 
went in Miss A's room. I didn't hear 
anything about Johnnie or Jiumiy or 
Mary. Everybody was busy. There was 
a slight hum. as you hear around a bee- 
hive when they are all at work, and away 
down yonder one little fellow held up his 
band. The teacher saw liim. He asked 
a question. She aiitiwend it. i'aither 
down there was another boy who raised " 
his hand. All went along nicely. Miss 
A I put at the head of the alphabet; Miss 
X 1 pnt down almost at the other cud. 
The person who cannot control a school 
had better not try to teach writing, for 
she will make a failure of it. 

Oettina n Hold of thr Pttptt. 
Now. the first thing this leads 1 
say is. in teaching these boys, the most 
important thing of all is to get hold of 
them, and when you get hold don't let 
go. and yon must get hold in snch a way 
that tlie buy will imve no disposition loJ 
have you let go. He will be pcrfectlyJ 
willing to be held. I mean by that thafl 
when that boy meets yo 
will say, "Goodmoniin 
miliar sort of way whit' 
glad to meet you. I li:i 
say that they didn't cnn 
pupils on the street ; weU.thej had better 
not teach them then. Get hold of them, 
that is the tii-st thing. Get down to 
them. Dignity does not go for very 
much among the hoys. I say get down 
to them. I think one of the greatest 
compliments I ever had was paid i 
short time ago. when I had occasic 
spend a couple of days iu a neighlroring 
town teaching thelittle children, and one J 
little boy went home and told his mother,^ 
"Mamma. I like that rnan. becansf he got j 
right down to me." It ia just the thing, 
you want In do ; to get 
them. You oam't do IfByT public talk 
nor by using some of those large words 
that we sometimes hear in Business 
Educators' Conventions. Get down to 
the boys : talk to them so they will un- 
derstand you. 

I remember well when I first went be- 
fore a class of little folks, seventy Httle | 
people in the room, from five to t 
years of age. and the thon^'bt can 
me. you must entfrtaiu these seventy 
people now and you must hold them. It 
was very overpowering, but I said : 
■■ Well, if it must be done. I will do my 
best." When I step before a class of 

No, 1 

In the first place I want it understood 
that 1 do not believe that writing is the 
only thing to be taught in the public 
schools. I think there is a place for it, 
and when I can see it take its place. I shall 
be happy, and it is for that rea.son that I 
wish to talk to you. 1 want yon first of 
all to take a little journey with me to 
Minnesota, and we can easily go there, 
we travel so rapidly nowadays. In the 
southern part of that State we will find a 
little village, and down by the village 
there flows a small stream of water which 
empties into the larger stream on the 
other side of the village. This smalt 
stream we trace up through the wooils to 
what is called the school section. There 
is a spring of water. That spring of water 
is constantly boiling up,,boiling up, boil- 

WinninQ Specim'nn from Grrulti VIll^ in The Jod 
lion {S. S. Furdj/, Sapervisori. Other specinf^n. 
us see thf.\u;ork your pupiln arejdoing. 



that kind I take a piece of chalk and 
hold it np and say: "You see what I 
liave in my hand ; how many can tell me 
what it is?" "It is a piece of chalk." 

* Ye(*.' 

Then, quickly biding it. say, " Now. you 
don't see it. do you? Then, holding up 
both hands closed, one of which holds the 
chalk, say. " Will you please tell ine in 
which hand I hold the chalk ? Remem- 
ber, it is a very easy thing to be mis- 
taken." As I bad it in my right hand, 
they will surmise that it is in the 
other hand, and they will say the other 
liand. And so I open my other hand. 
■ You see how easy it is to be mistaken." 
By this time I have every eye in the room 
directed toward this piece of chalk. Now, 
I am going to do something with this 
piece of chalk, and I want you to watch 
lue. I want you to see just what I do 
with this chalk ; I am going to use it on 
the hoard. I want everybody to see just 
flow I use it. Here it goes (making an 
nval on the board). I ask them what this 
looks like. Some will say an egg. Some 
a watermelon. Tbey tell me what it 
ludks like. We talk about it, and I say, 
" Is there any one here who would like to 
make it." Up goes a hand. " Very well, 
you can come up and make one like it." 
And he tries it. And I say, "Is there 
any one else who wiDuld like to try it? " 
And so I go on in that way until I have 
four or five up there. 'Yon have done 
well. That was good. You did first 
rate. I wonder if there is anytbineelse 
you can do now," And so from the black- 
board we go to the slate. 

[To be continued.\ 

Our Special Christmas Number. 

ohly iHustrnted bye 

>:\'^f^ border. It includes 
I ;m tides printed in The 
Jhe paper is well worth 
iiir number. Mailed for 

Teaching Children to Write. 

missing uuniljcrs at once, as Ibey arc being rapidly 

THE preceding three weeks should have 
been given to practice on blank 
paper without using copy-book. (See 
outline in January Journal.) The fourth 
week begin tracing book (if used) and 
continue using blank paper for exercises 
and movement drills. Devote five to ten 
minutes at the beginning of each lesson, 
according to length of lesson, to this work 
throughout the year. 

There should be a few blank lines on 
every page of the tracing book for inde- 
pendent writing, but if there is not, more 
time unlet be given to practice on blank 
paper than would otherwise be necessary, 
duplicating copies in book and drilling on 
simple movement exercises. 

If the letters, words and sentences laid 
down for the following years are in the 
copy-book used, write them there after 
practicing them on blank paper. If not 
in the copy-book used, give more time to 
blank paper practice. 

Write across the page of copy-book in- 
stead of down in columns. 

Practice paper should have sufficiently 
smooth surface to allow the pen to glide 
over it without piercing, but not too costly. 
Use paper liberally, as the child must 
acquire freedom and confidence in his 
movements. " Spare the paper and spoil 
the writer." 

There should be only sufficient practice 
on siixjlc letters to fix the form in the 
mind and give some degree of accuracy 


in execution. As letters are rarely used 
singly, and the forms at least of the first 
and last strokes are often changed when 
combined in words, children should have 
much practice on easy words and exer- 
cisescalculated to impart that easy sliding 
movement of the hand toward the right 
necessary in combining letters gracefully. 

For process of constructing or develop- 
ing small letters see corresponding httvr in 
first year. 

The arm should rest on the muscularor 
"fleshy " part just below the elbow 
("cushion for the arm to roll round 
upon"), the wrist nearly level, hand slid- 
ing upon nails of third and fourth or last 
two fingers. Copy W. 

Fifth Week. 

Review exercises. Teach a-; ix, mix, 
six, fox, box, sixteen, twenty-six, ox, JJax, 
wax. Teach r; m, vim, vine, very, vest, 
vex, ever. Sentences composed of similar 
words. The cross stroke in the x should 
be made upward to insure a light line ; 
(■ should be narrow at the top like ir. The 
wrist should not touch the desk. The 
hand should not drag along the side. Only 
tips of third and fourth fingers should 
touch the paper. Copy X. 

Exercises 120 and 121. Close o*s at the 
top : ox, on, one, only, onward, old, over, 
organ. Teach a. Close a at top ; aa, ai, 
air, aim, ar7n, apple, angry, ask, ant. 

Sentences composed of similar words. 
The feet should be flat on flour in front of 
pupil, and near together. The body 
should not touch the desk. Teach c ; cc, 

clock, coic, click, count, calf. Sentences. 
The arm should slide along easily with,- 
out bending the wrist. Hand straight 
with the arm. Copy V. 

Exercises 126 and 132. Teach e : ce, ec 

Teach r, 3 r's joined, 3 r's joined ; err, 
ear, ran, rain, room, round, romp, ever, 
every, etc. 

Teach s, 2 s's joined, 3 s's joined ; is, sir, 
su7t, summer, song^ sink, sunny, etc. Sen- 
tences. Hold the pen lightly. Copy fr. 

Sevtnth Week. 

Exercises 12R and 133 and others simi- 
lar. Teach i ; in, is, ill, ink, etc. 

Teach ip ; ire (drop horizontal curve 
in »■ very low), win, war, irarm, u-atl, 
walk, wrong, why, what, etc. 

Exercises 133, 136 and 150. Teach n. 

Teach vi ; mm, mine, mark, etc. Sen- 
tences. Do not lift pen until word is 
finished. Copy 1'. 

JiiOhlh We>'k. 

Exercises 103, 105 and 111 ; mooi'.mnm, 
mist, make, viitier. 

Teach v ; w, vvv, joined. Words and 
sentences. The arm should rest lightly 
on the desk. Have pen point toward 
right shoulder "so that if it were a gun 
it would shoot you right in the shoulder." 
Do not bear down on the pen. x, xxx, 
joined. Words and sentences. Copy Q. 
Siuth Week. 

Exercises 1.j7 (talk about a chain), 1.58 
(talk about a watch and chain) and 140; 
on, one, on-ner. onward, etc. Sentences. 

Teach c .- cc, ccc. joined. Watch that 
downward stroke is not curved too much ; 
coon, cow. crow, etc. Sentences. Do not 
allow the use of worn out or worthless 
pens. Copy Z. 

Tenth Week 

Exercises 157, 158 and 132; s, ss, sss, 
joined; star, storm, etc.; r, rr, rrr, joined; 
tchy, etc. Sentences. The pen 

litjue Morrmct Exercise by .l/r,s Josie Kinneu, ihuient in Dcs Mot 
This is No. S of a series beginning in Dtcembtr. The exrrcisvs 
length in an interesting article in that issue by Frof. D. W. Hvff. 

Public School. 

about the knuckle. Copy O. 

Exercises 159 and 160; or, ore, moiv, 
rose, etc. When another letter follows 
the o. let the connecting stroke sag 
slightly. Copy C. 

Twelfth Week, 

Exercises 158 and two or three preceding 
ones: oi'er, rover, clover, c, cc. ccc, joined; 

etc. Sentences. Watch the quality of 
line. The lines should be light and 
smooth. Copy D. 

Exercises 161 and two or three optional 
ones. Teach t: it. sits, tire, tar, rat, try, 
talk, too, two, town, etc. Sentences. 
Teach d; da, date, dates, day. dog, etc. 
Sentences. See ( and d in first year. 
Copy E. 

Exercises 161 and two or three optional. 
Review d; ddd, joined ; rft. dine, dime, 
doll, dark, etc. Sentences. Te.ich p; up 

I optional. 

quail, quarrel, etc. Six quires of paper, 
etc. Practice loop. Teach / ; li, line, lark, 
look, loom, etc. Sentences. Teach 6 ; bb, 
bbb. joined ; ftam, boom, brown, bark, etc. 
Sentences. Copy ^V. 


Kind Words. 

We printed in a receut number of The 
JouBNAL a number of extracts from lellers 
receiver! from public school wiitiug special- 
ists comraeuding the work tbat Thb Jourk&l 
is doing. Many new sabscriptious have lieen 
received from public school teacbers and 
several clubs. This is the season wbea sub- 
scriptions are most readily obtained and we 
hope all of uur friends will do their best ac- 
cording to their several opportunities. 

W. D. Moon, for three yeare past supervisor 
of peniuausbip in tbe public schools of Malta, 
0., writes: 

" The Public School Department of your 
excellent Journal shows a. degree of push 
and enterpri'ie tbut must at once eoamiend it 
to every live public school teacher, whether 
they are specially interested in penmanship 

teach without Th 

equaled as guide, teacher, and never ending 

3 swell the number of Journal readers, 
You give us the best to be had." 

L. Detwiler, author of "Detwiler's Rapid 
Record Hand," the pioneer publication of tbe 
kind, and for eleven years past writing and 
drawing supervisor, Hillsboro, O., writes : 
" After having taken your excellent paper 
for thirteen yeai-s, may say that in my Judg- 
ment the hitrli ruuk penmanship has taken is 
lart;'--lv the niitt;iowth of a great movement 
^.■t;aii"v.u. ;i-i) m The Penman's Art Jour- 
nal, lu rti;!ki' [nr-nmanship one of the fuuda- 
I public education." 

t encourages pupils by presenting t 

school that every teacher must have 1' 

Other kind lettei's of this character have 
been received from the following pubbc school 

club); R. O. Wnliiron. Mc-Keesport, Pa.; G. 

W. Ware, Fort Worth, Tex, 

Ink in the Second Grade. 

The subjoined paragraph, clipped from 
a Lafayette, lud., paper, relates to an ex- 
periment by Writing Supervisor J, H. 
Bachtenkircher of that city. Mr. Bach- 
tenkircher writes that he thinks of intro 
ducing ink in the second grade of all the 
schools. He also describes a unique de- 
vice for increasing interest by means of 
an "enthusiasm stick," which we had 
hoped to find space for in this issue, but 
it is crowded out. Hero is the clipping 
referred to : 

A success fid experiment has just been tried 
in the second prade 'tt l-nl*" -ili""i t'm.'lif hy 

indicates ibat the pupd.s entered tbe room 
from tbe first grade well ve^^ed in slate writ- 
ins, for th* scholars, afler a little practice 
wiih paper ard pencil, took readily to ink. 
Kot a fiini*le blot, orinky Soiier. or an up^et 
bottle, resulted fiom the trial, and the short 

~^ennicuiti dTtiLCL/oWi 


•Character in Handwriting"— What Comes of Dabbling in the Occult Science of Graphology. 


We expected U> bnvo some fun rrom our 
" Uropbologist Contost," nml bnvo not been 
dbuipiiofnted. We roiwattbe Rpeclmens above, 
with iiam<^ of wnlorA. Mauy responses were 
received, and at leant balf a dozen correctly 
name<l one of tlie autbors; but tbe cbampioa 
"identifier'^ is our friend Jobn Rockwood of 
liOB Augelea, Cal., wbo win« tbe prize 
Compendium by naming tbe nriters of both 
H|)eclmens. It was a true butlVeye sbot. 
Some of tbe "diaguo^pK^' of tbe cbaracterls- 
tiCH of tbe writers are very suggestive and 
Home very amuKiug. Tbe evolution of a Tal- 
nii^fe cbaracter from an Ingcrsoll bandwrit- 
fng, according to several contributors', is 
liiirdly calculated to make converts to tbe al- 
leged science of grapbology. Here are a few 
cburacteristic guesses from our professional 
friends : 

Irctuality, impulsiveness, tenacity, origi- 
nality.nstrong willftlnBiifinl aliility, ifei-sever- 
ance, diplomacy, iiiili\ ili ilit \ N" i ' Cood 


■J, judcing by tbe ,h,.i,m- .( h |. .^liori, 

P. B. S. Peters, Stobm Lakb, Ia,— No. 1 
«a-< wrilteu by a minister 50 or (10 years of 
ngi\ 1 imi nlinwt tempted to say Talmage 
wiiili- it, ri\i> wrjior is nervous, caused by a 

Ini nil 'I \\\ I hug, and wbone tbouguts 

II a I, . ■, ; I iiiixi be IS able to write. 
11' ;i , I liigb moral cbnracter, 

its: iutellectuai^ well to do; easy temperament. 



mrkem *mit. ire mm/. 7> »my frtttmt tmiteriitr «•«« 

gier thrift «/ mUvt Am^, *U., am 4m t^imt /r*- 
mimm . /Vr /«v SEIV Mmh. <».>, fr^ will Wtv *m. 


Tbe rolloulne nrv n few uf uti 

wrote tbe originals, we will credit No. 1 
Talmageand No. 2 to tbe late Jas. A. Garfield. 
G. W. Barman, SouLEfs College, New 
OnLEAXR. — Ni), ! IS a woman, and evidently 
succiitnt.-; t'. Hi'' (vrrililf fasbion of tbe augu- 
lur h^iiil I M nI.I Mi|>|tose nhe bad a very 
bysi' ! I vi.-t: quite sentimental, 

Qiiil I . "iiburstsof intellectual 

>\), J t, ,i iiiciii, i.rcduse be is denying wbat 
be said— a prcvfiiling babit of tbe male sex. 
Has good pbysical and intellectual strengtb. 
Is not a pugiliiit aud is surely a married man. 

A. W. Dak-in, Auburn, N, Y.-I tbink No. 
1 was written by a lady sixly-flve years of 
age. Occu^tioo, a moral or religious writer. 
(Audition m life, wealtby. Manner, very 

Tbe second specimen was written by a gen- 
tleman fifty years of age and a commercial 
teacher by profession. Manner, rather stern 
at times but generally very pleasant. 

Dakin's guess of tbe writers is Mrs, Henry 
Ward Beecher and S. 8. Packard. 

Well, friends, we invit"- you and other sub- 
scribers to try again. The writers of tbe 
specimens below are just as well known as 
the two first given. Make your diagnosis 
brief and pointed, covering these points: Sex, 
age, occupation, temperament, intellectuality, 
Tbeir autographs will be published in the April 
Journal and we have another prize Asiis 
Compendium for the one wbo first con-ectiy 
naiuai both writers, due allowance for dis- 
tance being made. 


kri Journal at »1 U ciiiui.d l« clioUc 
>r a nuinbvr of Rcenlar Prwinlumn, or 
vlilrli eomple 

'altby;good morals; intellectual; good nj^ 

iild be ordered i 

lake to Nend a |»reniliiin a( all iiitU 
ai.k«d for witlilii a( IcakI kIx wee 
from llie date of NiibacrlblDt>:< 

Works of Instruction In Penmanship. 

Anie«* Guide lo Sell-luiitructtoii 

f Title Fuir*. Slz- 


Price Id cloth binding with gold side stump 
is ll.rtO; beavy miiiiilla bludinM',$i. Wlllsend 
tbo book in cluth for tbiee new subs. ($.t): for 'J 
new sul}s. andiS ct8. |$t!.%); for t new sub. and 
06 cts. <$l.a5): or for renewal and Tfi cciit« ettru 
($1.T5). In manilla covets for 2 now subs ($:i) : 
for one new siih. nnd Sii ct«. (i\.-m ; or for le- 

iidrcd LcNHOii 

) of the mo!t useful and populai 
r been Bolii' i 

8 of tbe day; iniuly a hundred thousand 

Tbe book li 

J. P. BniLEY, Lamar, Mo.— No. 1, Dr Tal- 

e; No. 2, some lady novelis 

H. C. Rowt 

years of age. 

push and eii' 

for his intellt' 

If No. '2 refers to the sonlmient expressed 
by No. 1, I think tbe writer is an old maid, 
but wbo she is t cun'l imagine. 


. uames „f writers of t 
: I s Ihv Ant to dream of ii 

i-;mu'nt, rather tall, spa 
)op-*houtd.-rt-d. Whole-souled. 

-„ ..uivmind.d.wiibKreil breadth 

if th»ught »ud great dc^'riptive jMwers . 

of th.> 
the late Hcurv Ward Beecher, 

\ " X.>. 1. Male, 54 

1 lines; lots of 

I II Ills and noted 

Nc. 2. Lnii.\ , iii.ii I ■' ■! , hi \':n^ nf age; a 
biird worker anil ii per^ou «ii gieut determina^ 
tion; an abunduuce of lbit> ivuild's goods. 

tally ditto. 

No. a, D. T. Ames, age&'i; condition good; 
editor; intellectuality large; tem(>erameut in- 
clined to tbe nervous; morals good; phy.sically 
and mentally strong. 

Georoe Russell, Manavunk. Phila. — I 
tbink No. 1 a gentleman at least -!.'> years old, 
an author or a clergyman, who has never paid 
much attention to the '' queen of arts." 

No. a is a man at least srt years old, a lawyer 
or a busiueMS man, with a firm character. He 
is more of a flnancinl man than No. 1. 

movable slips iihl i ■ - l and con- 

venient for prnrti. - I nil ni-(in, ti.insDCcom- 
pany theSlips. uuJ il.. .si...;. ,-. MKi.wfd 111 u 
neat cQvelo|)f TIjis iviiik nL^o Las bud u very 
larKC sale independently of its use as premium 

Tbo L«rd'»t Prater (size \9 x 'H inches); 
- - I: PlourUbea 

nMr.iiii, iii.i V, Il -I iiitluem-e ut'on public sen- 

I'm III. iiiM :iiiihnr I would suggest on act- 
ive mail ft inid.Ue H;:e. To an educated mind 
nnd cool self possession I would couple a keen 
judgment, a restless desire fur ad^'aucement 
and a strong taste for elegant surroundings. 
Ills devotion to his own work exceeds bis in- 
terest iu the affairs of others. 

1 make no attempt to mention the authors, 
bavJDg doue enougii -already, in the few mo- 
ments at my disposal, to place tbe sheep aud 
goats in hopeless confusion, uo duubt this be- 
ing also vanity and vexation of spirit. 


\S IN 








sold I 


from prcailun 

will bea 


, l» 25 ce 
is.etKbt I 

-^-^ — 

Averaging Accounts and Business E(|ualion,— 
Short-Hand. Self-tnslructlve Lessons. b)f Eldan 
Moran.— Business Ptice Marks.— Art ot Succestlul 
Clerking. -Discounts and Profits, with Rules, etc.. 
elC-Selt-lnstruction In Telegraph Operating. - 
Practical Elcclrlcat Telegraphy. -the Telephone 
Simply Explained. -Magnetism"! Relation to Elec- 
tricity. -Effects of Induction and Freaks of Electric- 
ity. Useful Business and Mechanical Tables. Rules, 
Weights, Measures and Clippings of Invaluable In- 

Dy special arraniiement witli tbe publfahers 
we are enabled to offer tills remarHubie book us 
t\ special premium for only TlirfO hiiIjo. (83t ; for 

volume, " French a 
Glance, "SKoiiiah 
G I once." 

Glance,'' " Spanish ^at 
(Ps UriKloal 

Payne's Buslneds PomttTS." 
Among those olT-n-d for ope new «ut!Scnpt|oo 
Kl) or reoewal ttnd 15 cents extra {SMol. are 
CiiBhinK'" Manual" (Parllamenturj- I'rocoed- 

D. T. AMES. 202 Broadway, New York. 






Connecticut. "• £„5?R'*.??*i.''«°5?"'_.?5fi:A _??• 



;'M;l. \-:i: 

r *■ r 



rnijh.v, Ati'uiitn.Ga. r.ea<Iltii( college South. 


RUSHVll 1 1 


J. R. ELDER. Penman. Bear Bi 

A If ^ 

'its- ' JOHN F. SIPLE. Penman and Teacher, 

IDtrOtlltn. G E WEAVER Artist Mt Morris lil 

SMtTM DEAL BUS. COLLEQE. Richmond. oriiriim'l'wortb*'j?6» 'Thp%^c»'«t^«lKlI'i 

shcintmml, 'TypewrieinB. Book k »f til iig, Te- Agents«nnU>< 

WANTED. -To exchanfc penmanship 

spwIuiciiH. plolii and oniumentol. with 

" MajU " ms. 

In atrnterinu arh^a tl»ement8 siqnul bji a 



iliLsky. niiio. sobool of Bookie ccplDK ana 

CoUmt! BuUdlug. BlstMnUr ewJpiwd. 



McCUNN.Pres. Green Bay, Wis. ' 



SlUrf. Bts Bapkls, MIeh. 



SuotluSi'; leSonsliy mnll o°r pmon oily' 

Meat Virginia. 









Wortli. Catalogue for 2 cento.' 

Normal College, Lincoln, Neb. It reached 

us too late /oj JVeio leor'«, 

but moke'' < 



timely and clever valentine. Size of original about 9 T I*?. 


R. M.JONES, Pen Artist. l8l 

2 Mary St., 

.■tSusincJi- Oiniortunitii 


luua. Ore. A live »>nmierclnl training 


i-t's 'nsi'I'ii'tions'^tc'""'"'"'' 


J'"" - > ' ' ■ 

muiistilp Cetjurtinciit 111 cUnrg^ of sppclal- 
l«t« of nalloiiul repiilnttuii. A. P. ARM- 



|i|5^:;: ;;:•.;:..,;■ 



e. A. McPMERSON, Penmai 

n. Oswego. 

; cnpluilfl. It, 

heald;s iusint5< cni i non, jiao 

''™^l'i n"',','"",'^ "r, " ilN,',?1>a%d*o'i" 



;''u;un^lHai|^iim;nri;,n''C: '■ :.:;'.'' . 

aARDEN VI I ^ r.i -IM --. vdl.l r(iR 
ATKINSU\ - K. ~IM ^-L ,,1 s„. 

I'l' M lee't." I'lillndel- 

IHortb (lafolina. 




pOa SAI,K.-Oi.. iM' 





IWcw jcrscg. 


.RID^, PHxiclpal, 


F. M. SISSON. Penman, Newport. R, I, 

W. a. CHRISTIE. 102 Broadway, New 



PENMAN'S Art Journal jo* 

AdeertiMtng rales, 30 cents ptr 
inr. %A.ftijtmr incA, (rarA instrlxon. 
for trrm and spact. Speeial esiimaUs /«i 

Une. t:{.50f>er I'ncA, each insertion. Discovnta 
id space. Sptieial esiimat '"~ 
appiiealion. So aiir^rti 


taken for Uss than 92, 

Subsfiription : One war $1 ; on« numlmr 10 
i-rnts. Aw /r«» sttmptM except to hona fide 
ayents who are ntbtcribern, to aid tht^m in 
taking subseriptionH. 

Forrign subscriptions {to rounlricH in Pos- 
tal Unioni $\,2li jteryear. 

\i'w subscripttons mnu he dated back to 
Drcember or January, if desired. 

N«w York, Pcbrnarri 1893. 


Kotr- iind (|ii(-rlr-. 

Mil ^.linol llvpnrimrni '20-'J 


not practicable, make i 
JOURNAL printed repres( 

If wriling about subscription, stole time ol 
lubscrtblng (8ppro»lmaIei and name ol agent, 
I subscription came In that way. 

Everr subscriber at St is entilled to be en 
lered on our Permanent or Protesslonal List, 
an which most ol the College Proprietors. 

lerred to It b) notll)ing us of tl 

Sournal prtjc dotnpctU 

or the prin' competitions Auuouiic«4l in Oe- 
ix'uiber aud Janunry Joi'RNai^ tbe time for 
tnoclnsses iNo&SaQd 41 basvxpired. Several 
otlit'rs will clos« with tbe prvavnt month, and 
thon> who intend entei'lug hare do time to 
losv. We wish Ibnt our pi-ufessionol brethren 
t^nerally will take a hand in one or another 
of these compel ttions. This feature is some- 
what in the nature ot an experiment. If the 
penmen j^ow by their responses that tbey ap- 
pr».>ve tbe itiea it will be carried out still fur- 
ther, otherwise disrontioue^l. 

Tbia corupetiUon clows the last day of tbe 
prewot month. The editor would resard it as 
B personal accommodation if every Journal 
reader would respond with at least one sugges- 
tion as to bow the paper migbt be improved 
and would indicate at leaot four present feat- 
ure* that In his judgment ar« the best, num- 
berioe them in the order of their precedence, 
and Blao indicate ttie feature that has tbe least 
attraction for him. This is a very simple 
matter, and one cent for a portal card will 
cover all necessary expense. The object is, of 
course, to improve the paper, and that ought 
to be sufficient interest to induce everv reader 
to reapund. One, two. a dozen or a bundred 
responses very probobly miRht be of no par- 
ticular value, but a comparison of thousands 
can hardly fail to produce some result in the 
hue of improvemeut. May we not hear from 

Ihese prize competitions are in line with 
The Joukkal's purpose to get at the best that 
there ii« in 4be business and to do everything 
I>065ible in the direction of creating and main- 
taining a healthy interest in penmanship. We 
offer prizes for various styles of pen work aud 
have several competitions especially designed 
for studeutH In entering one of these compe- 
titions tbi-* point is to be considered : Nothmg 
IS lost. Tbe effort put into the execution of 
the specimen by the student in his practice 
adds just so much to bis knowledge andskill— 
18 just so much more new capital— and if his 
eagemees to win a priie awakens an extra 
amount of entbusiasni and stimulates him to 
greater effort, as no doubt it will, he is bound 
to be a winner, regardless of who majr get the 
prizes offered. There are few teachers of pen- 
mantibip in America who have not at least one 
or two pupils eUgibie to tliyse Competitions, 

Casb t>aib for fl&eas. 

CoJiPETmu.\ No. 1.— »5 will be jiaid for the 
most prauttCMl sugijestiou for impiovlngTaE 
JouHNAi, by oddinjr new features, dlscardintf 
or modlfyinB eilstlUB onee. Ac, or for extend- 
ing ras JoDRNAL's patronage in any line— in 
^ct. any suggestion hioltin« to the good of 
iUE JoORXAl/s ii'inli'i^ "J iiiilijislier Foi- 
second best suKifC'-ii'in *■;■ (Iumi ■*••• fnnrth 
•1. Send as mum -hl-i.-, -n',,,,- :iv\',,'i! like to- 
gether or sepunii'-u N<> nmrn i' h.iw sliuht 
Jecte suggested fm nriirji- .., iiiuatratlons, 

nuke the paV „ 

Q your judgment. 

Tbe competition clot 

©niamental JBorOers. 



'VrS'.."^" ^^"^ or a set orour'specTal 
I' Udltlott of Ames' Book ov Plouk- 

= ©mate llntttals. 

Competition No. .'(.— Prize for best set of Ave, 
gol'i pin; second prize, smaller gold pin- best 
single mlttuJ, $1. Competition closes March 1. 

,^ Jflourtsbina. 

is . COMPETITION No. 6.— Destllourlsli, $10: next 

'• best. $5; third best, two gross of Aiuea' Beat 

Pens. Competition oloses March IR. 

Stu&ents' Competitions. 

(See Jan. Journal.) 

Competition No. 7— Forstudents in Business 
Colleges or Penmanship Institutes— $5 for best 
specimen of business writing; handsome badge 

I gold bodge. Competi 

Reqiieal to Oompclltora. 

Those who have already seut designs for 
competition iu any of the classes from No. 2 
to No. 6, inclusive, are requested to inclose in 
an envelope entirely blank except the following 
address: '• D. T. Ames, 202 Broadway, New 
lorA," another envelope wholly blank except 
the inscription, "For Competition No.—" 
(staling the number). This inclosed envelope 
should contain the correct name and address 
of the competitor, together with a copy of the 
motto or device by which his specimen is dis- 
tinguished, and should be sealed. A separate 
inclosed envelope should be used for each class 
which the competitor may have entered. 
Those in such sealed envelopes will not be 
opened until after the awards have been 

These directions are made necessary by a 
slight error in provisions for identifying speci- 
mens as formerly announced. The winners in 
competitions S aud 4, now closed, will be an- 
nounced next month. 


Ta k0 on TeaeJtint,. 

A DRAWBACK to the fulI development of 
yoimg teachers that has come frequently 
under our observation is a lack of 
breadth. The defect is by^no^ineans 
confined to the dull teachers. One-idead 
people are. perhaps, uot more ntuner- 
OU8 from birth than one-eyed people. 
The part essential to a harmonious whole 
is missing from accident generally rather 
than from any primal oversight of nature. 
The one-idea teacher is nearly always the 
victim of emironment. His experience 
has been restricted to certain conditions, 
which he has accepted as proper and or- 
thodox, because they have seemed to meet 
the exigencies of the 8ituati».)n in the 
school where he was trained, and he has. 
perhaps, not troubled liimself to look 
much beyond this. The fault is that every 
method gets its vital force from the man 
behind it, that individualities differ 
and that one man may have a trick of 
doing things well in a way that would 
inWte disaster if adopted by another. It 
is quite possible to imagine a teacher 
of at least fair capabilities failing in 
his work by too strict adherence to a rote 
which may have served the purpose of 
another teacher. The ability to adapt, to 
inject one's own personality into one's 
own work, makes all the difference be- 
tween success and failure. 

Few persons are so richlj' endowed by 
nature that they can think it all out 
for themselves. They must profit by the 
experience of others — contemporai-ies and 
those who have gone before. Iniiuiry, 
investigation, comparison, experiment, are 
important parts of evei-y successful teach- 
er's work. It is here that the teachers' 
meetings, with their opportunities for in- 
terchange of thought and experience, are 
of the greatest benefit. And it is here 
that the teachers' papers liave the best 
chance of earning their .subscription 

We are pleased to be able to 
a new feature that we think will be of 
the interest to commercial teach- 
ers. In the next number of The Journal 
will appear the first of a series of ■■ Talks 
on Teaching," by A. S. Osboni of the 
faculty of the Rochester Busines.s Uni- 
versity. Mr. Oabom, as is well known, 
is in the very front ranks of the commer- 
cial teaching profession. Himself im ex- 
cellent tj-pe of the modem progi-esaive 
teacher who doesn't have to wait until 
his hair is white in order to show his 
worth and win recognition, we know of 
no one better qualified by force of char- 
acter, clearaess of thought and breadth 
of investigation to assume direction of 
this importmt work. 

TJie Bar of Ignoranca. 

Bro. Ferris, in his paper published 
elsewhere in this number, lays great stress 
on the necessity of a penman knovring 
a good many other things besides the 
mysteries of right cui-ves and reverse 
ovals. It is certainly beyond dispute that 
in these times a man engaged in any re- 
sponsible work is supposed to have a good 
general education. Tlie penmanship 
teacher's work biings him into direct 
contact with educated people. Ignorance 
on his part must inevitably suliject him 
to humiliation and very likely the con- 
tempt of his pupils. This is an age when 
the ignoramus has no sort of business in 
the schoolroom, and the fact that he may 
be highly skilled in one or two particu- 
lars ^vill not make his position either 
secure or comfortable. We don't at all 
take the view that a penman must neces- 
sarily be ecjuipped with a classical educa- 
tion, or that a knowledge of Greek phi- 
losophy is an essential factor in teaching 
a boy or girl how to write, but it is unde- 
niable that a teacher of penmanship should 
be a good speller and have a good work- 
ing use of the elements of grammar. Of 
course there are other things every tCiicher 

aud every person ia expected to know. 
but these are the inilispensables. and who- 
ever falls he\ovr that standard has no 
business in a schoolroom as a teacher of 
petunaii.ship or of anything else. 

Ths B. B. A. fTorlffm Faf* Xj-ktb I 

The Journal is able to i „.... .„. 

thoritatively that the question of whethe 

or iiDt there shall lie a business education 
.■\lnhii ,ir ih. World's Fair has been 
''''"'"''~ 't- liil, and that there mil be 
siL, h Nj < ^luin Mibstantially on the lines 
;ilr.;uh niilKiiud in these columns. That 
is to say, the exhibit will coiiihine the two 
phases which have been denominated 
*■ stiU " and '• active." An exhibit of this 
character should be fairly representative 
of the great cause for which it. stands or it 
would be best that it were not made at 
all. We feel assured that thcs^- condi- 
tions will be fully met. 

Patlure of tne Propose,, l'rn»,an.„ip 

We should be very glad to be able to 

f (lie 

phiHB that had been announced f., 
representative exhibit by Aim -riiaii pm- 
men. Tliis matter was tlikeii in iiainl by 
the Western Penmen's A.ssn( n's 
early as its meeting in December, l«m 
Committees were appointed at that time 
to make the necessjuy arrangements. Mr 
A. N. Palmer of Cedar Rnpids was placed 
at the head of the general committee 
sulKUvisions of which were appointed 
for the East, South aud Pacific Slope 
respectively— Mr. Hinman and Mr. Den- 
nis for the East; Mr. Webb and Mr 
Ware for the South : Mr. Scliofield and 
another wliosi. name wc do not recall for 
the Coast. Just what stops were taken by 
these gentlemen we have not ]»'L-n abl.- ti. 
Icaru. but believing tUem aU to be 
iiit.Trstrn ;.n.l .-iqiiiblp mou we fcel as- 
'''"''' '*' '' "" I iil'ireof the scheme is not 
'■'"■ I" l.i'l- "I ' ilnrt on their part. Aswe 
iiii.Ui.stiuui tht matter, Bro. Palmer, 
after making strenuous effoits to interest 
the profession to the point of producing 
something tangible, gave up in despair at 
the lack of encouragement— and so the 
matter just petered out. It does not 
appear to have been discussed at all at 
tlie late meeting of the W. P. A. Indeed, 
its discussion would have been perfectly 
useless at so late a day. The unfortunate 
fact that confronts us is that there will 
he no representative penmanship exhibit 
at the World's Fair, and that an oppor- 
tunity of a lifetime has been missed. 

Owv »ufff"Wmir itrnHers. 

It is again necessary to st.itc. and wiih 
all the emphasis with wliich it has been 
repeatedly stated in these columns, that 
under no circumstances can tlie editor of 
The Journal or his assistants undertake 
to respond to requests for autograph 
work, or to give recommendations. We 
are dealing with tens of thousands of 
people interested in penmanshiij. iiml it 
would require the entire .services of s<-\-- 
eral persons to respond to all the demjiTul- 
that are made for ponmanslni) specimi-ns 
The rule ,.:;,,iM^t ^-uA\u-, -„,.h spet-imcns 
isof necv^.n : ,, ,„.r;,t]v.-. and 

■ belir 



■ any : 

able person. Wluit time om- force has for 
the production of such matter is employed 
on specimens for The Journal, which 
are preeented for the benefit of all oup 

Thote Eluttvs n, E. A, rrorr-ilinyn 

»Well. what on earth hasbr. unie of tli. 
B. E. A. proceedings at Siiratoga tlmi 
Bro. Warr guaranteed tu publish as uii. 
of the accepted fniicrions of " ov^aw- 
shipy" This delay beats all recordn. It 
is a singular and suggestive fact that id- 
publication of the B. E. A. protf*^'l 
ings in official pamphlet form wa •• 
accomplished without skip, year aftt^r 
year, until the "organ" arrived wntli 
Bro. Warr at the keys and Bro. Brown ,ii 
the bellows, and that no sign of such .i 

'^c/en//ta/id <X^t^oJ^tuna/3 

publication has appeared since. Two 
meetings passed, and nearing another. 
Some folks are beginning to inquire: 
"What is an 'organ' for anyway?" To 
be sure, everyone has long ago come to 
understand that when anything of interest 
to the profession happens, be it B. E. A. 
Convention. W. P. A. Convention, or what 
not. The Journal may be relied on to give 
the juice of it, and the first juice at that. 
Seriously, if Bro. Warr would do away 
with all that "organ" tomfoolery and 
devote his energies to the making of a 
live, helpful paper devoted to commercial 
education, as he is quite capable of doing, 
we believe he would be assured of a gen- 
erous patronage. And we wish to record 
our opinion right here that in spite of the 
ol>\'iou8 drawback in question. Business 
Education has been doing good work, has 
published many bright and helpful articles, 
and has given good measure to those who 
liave bought it. We should like to have 
every commercial teacher take it. Our 
profession has not so many papers that it 
can afford to spare any of them ; nor so 

Clubbing Announcements. 


For more than sixteen years, during the 
entire period of The Penman's Art Jodrnal's 
being, the one thing connected with the paper 
which has been to its editor and publisher 
the greatest soiu-oe of pridenndgratificatiou, i-^ 
that, whatever Its shortcomings, The JnuRNAi. 
has had the generous commendation uml sup- 
port o( a practically undivided pemiiaii-^hip 
and business college fraternity, in whose in- 
terests it is published. Since The Journal 
was started dozens of other publications, de- 
signed to cover, more or less, the same eround, 
have sprung up. and we have had to meet 
every sort of competition, bidding for sup- 
port mainly on the ground of cheapness ; but 
through ail the years we have been able to 
say conscientiously, proudly: " We are giving 
the best to be had in our line, and the fact that 
the best men and best schools are giving us 
their patronage year after year, at a cost of 
double what others are soliciting subscriptions 
for. tells its own stoi-y." We are far from 
wishing to disparage, belittle, or in any 
way discredit what others are doing in our 

harman, Soul^ Coll., New Orleans, is along- 
side with 105 to his credit, and W. H. Patrick 
of Sadler's Coll., Baltimore, makes the run- 
ning lively in this Centurion group with 09. 
Another club of 105 is "' reserved for addi- 

L. L. Gatewood of the Ohio B. U., Cleve- 
land, has forwarded 6ti names, with the en- 
couraging observation that there s 


Bro W 1 an St Pa r k S hool, Quebec O 
DWtot Abu-nN^ BCOJ 
W Oakland Cal B C O P W Ison 

Neb P B S P 

Storn Lake Is 

B C Austu re 

moDt Neb hm 

_. , , _. isnr of Penmanship, Ft. Worth, 
T.xas ^.l: .A H.Stephenson. B. & S. Bus. 
Coll., Buffalo, is at tho head of 40; C. A. 
Stewart. Appleton's B. C, Minn., 37; F. L. 
Dyke, Spencerian B. C, Cleveland, S5j A. P. 
Root, Peirce's Coll. of Bus., Philadelphia (who perviaor Br dgeport 

J A\ Yere Dav 

B C Davenport 1 "-.outl 

C Atlanta J C tte \ t ng &u 

t his first club about 16 years a^o), 85; J. 

; Adolphus Coll., St. Peter, Minn., 31 (ad- 
vance installment); A. M. Hargis, Grand 
Island, Neb.. B. 0., 31; J. C. Mclntire, Iron 
City Coll., Pittsburgh, 31; W. L. Starkev. 
Patei-son, N. J., High School, 30; E. H. 
Amendt, Chicago B. C, Chicago, 111., 20; 
S. M. Sweet, BBffalo, N. Y., B. U., 28; 
J. F. Barnhart, Lebanon, O.. Normal 
Uni,, 23; Zanerian Authors, Columbus, 34; 
C. A. Wessel, FeiTis Industrial School, Big 
Rapids, Mich., 33 ; G. A. Hough, Woodbury 
B, C. Los Angeles. Cal.. 33 ; C. E, Beck. C. C, 
Piqua, 0,30; H. C. Blair, Spolrane, Wash., 

inforcements or other r 
tioD of the club sender. If others have been 
omitted from the list above the club sendei-s 
would confer a favor by bringing the fact to 
our attention. We like to give full credit 
where it belongs. 

Zaner's Lessons a Big Hit. 

Nothing that The Ji.URNAL has ever oiTeied 
has tailed fMthni>H .iitliu-.iasln t^ire^sions 
of approval fiom 1 1 tTl sinnil p iinien and 
teachers and private prnman liipstu leutsthan 
the couise of instniciiou mwiitingbyC P 
Zaner now running Here are a few extiacta 
frompiivateleltei-sfiom well known teachers 

Prof /iiiiLi « Icssoii'i in The Journal : 


flrd Ci\ 

eood thing foi ill 

monthly / \ mout 
be willing to pay t 
ent subscnption i 

; of penmanship — 
l> it M'lull B C Stam- 

ire j.rind and will prove a 
rl lollon them Couldyou 
iblish Thp (ocunal semi 
1 IS too lung tn wait I should 

ncc loi such a change —J F 

instHllment of Zaner s les 
]\ been pimted we are go 
J superior to anything jpt 

ii(r less ns m The Journal 

Model Letter Senes—No. 2.— Business Letter by H. A. Howard, dockland, M". 

The Dec number of The Jodbval is indeed a 
heautj I would not takes'! tor the Iouiinal 

i-^iiLSof 1SJI>-; R Ellr h u Diancli bid 
IheDct JnLitN\.i ih simph ixctlknt Icon- 

inanv that a person of even moderate 
means, inteivatfii in this work, cannot 
afford to have them all. 

27k New Columbian Sit 

The new t^olumbian sei-ies 
stamps is the culmination of a bright idea 
for Assist ant -Postmaster J. Gaylor of 
New Yolk, an uncommonly bright man 
whose friendship the Journal has en- 
joyed for man}' years. The new stamp-s 
are as handsome in design as they are 
unicpie. Of course it was to be expected 
that the scribbling peuny-a-linera who 
liirk n]j ;i ]i\itnr by jabbing their rusty. 
IlulTlt^ into ■■\"t \ ihing new and good, es- 
pi'ii^illy in'w 1-— ms of currency, stamps, 
utc, wuuld have their "shy" at the Co- 
lumbian stamp ; but it is a beauty all the 
same and a good stroke of business aa 


" I like to read for that teaclier," said a 
little boy to me one day. 

'■ Wliy?" I asked. 

■■ Beciiiise, if you read anything fimny, 
and read it with "sbression. it makes her 
eyi.'s twinklf ^,0 queer, and once, when 
nnili. ■■■ ,- ,,,uliu- 'hnnt a poor little 
hiiM. 1 n ' ! iiniiii^lit T >aw a tear roll 

'!'■■. Aiiywiiy, she looked 

M>vi'i ■■ ' - I'Nvi-irr-. 1,'nod reading. 

\y\" ■■>■■'■ !■■-■ ■.■-!. U v.m know, right 

al.. . ...■ I ■ . . : .i,,.:;. i.,ut. what they 

line, or to arrogate to ourselves any exclusive 
rights in a Held that is justly open to all. It is 
the pupils', not the publishers', interests 
that the conscientious teacher will eonsult- 
— every time. Suffice it to say that we 
are giving the profession a paper as rea- 
sonably complete as we can make it by 
enlisting the best talent procurable, by em- 
ploying the best materials and processes of 
production, and by spending a much larger 
amount of money, indubitably, than has ever 
before been expended for such purposes by 
anyone; the theory is that there ai'e enough 
school proprietors and teachers who consider 
tho best none too good for them and their pupils 
to justify the extra expense and effort involved 
in the production of that best. Again, we say 
that the deepest satisfaction to tho founder 
and conductor of The Journal, arises from 
his ability to point to leaders of the profession 
OS the active supporters and promoters of the 
paper. The fact that their efforts necessarily 
involve some difficulties, expense of time and 
labor, with no reward except the presumption 
of (^ood to pupils, does not lessen the satisfac- 
tion and the appreciation in which such kindly 
offices are held. 

A number of good clubs were booked dur- 
ing tho past month and we have encouraging 
reports from many schools to the effect that 
large lists may be expected during the present 
month, Advance installments of some of 
these clubs in process of formation have al- 
ready been received, but announcements are 
withheld until they shall have been completed. 
The leader so far is our indefatigable friend, 
L. M. Thornburgh of the Iowa E. C, Des 
Moine?. Close behind him, neck and neck, are 
J. M. Wade of the Goldey, Wilmington, Del., 
C. C. with 110, and W. A. Moulder and G. S. 
Kimball of tho Detroit B. U.. with WJ. G. W. 

J. C. Roberts, Marion, lud.. Normal < 'nii i - 
B. F. Williams, N. I. Normal ScIj. ■ \ i 
paraiso. Ind.. IG ; F^ A. Westro].' - i > 
Neb.. Normal Coll., 16; D. L. Hunt, S|,..| 
ton, Cal.. B. C..16 ; Holt & Wilson, & Bishop, 
Lincoln, Neb., Normld Uni.. 1.5 ; N. L. Rich- 
mond. Ottawa. 111., B. U., 15 ; W. J. Osborn, 
Belleville, Out., B. C, 15; E. F. Richards, 
Lawrence, Kan., B. C, 1-5 ; W. H. Blakeiy. 
Iowa City C. C, 1.5 ; G. C. Claybough, 
Metropolitan B. C, Chicago, 1.5; O. E. 
Pulghum, Richmond, lud.. B. C, 15 ; C. O. 
Gardner, Dirigti B. C, Augusta, Me., 15; 
L. H. Jackson. Charlotte, N. C, 0. C, 15 ; 
E. L. Miller, Simpson B. C, Indianola, la., 15; 
McLaren & Thompson, Acme B. C, Seattle, 
Wash., 15; Bro. Onessimus, Mt. St. Louis 
Inst., Montreal, 14 ; M. L. Mmer. Pratt Inst,, 
Brooklyn, 14 ; C. C. French, Grand Prairie 
Sem., bnarga. 111.. 18; I. N. Ininan, Hart- 
ford City, Ind.. IS ; E. L. Elliott. Viutoo, la.. 
Collegiate Aca.. 13; C. H. Shattuck, Holton. 
Kan., Normal Coll-. 13 ; T. A. White, Adairs- 
ville, Ga., 13; C. V. Fulton, Writing Super- 
visor, Butte. Mtmt., 13; C. Bayless, Dubuque, 
la.. B. C, 13 ; O. C. Dorney, American B. C . 
Allentown, Pa.. 13 ; H. A. Story, N. W. Coll. 
of Commerce. Portage, Wis ,11. 

Clubs ranging from six to ten. averaging 
about eight, have come from the following : 
V. G. Alexander, Normal School, Chillicothe, 
Mo.; J. A. Anderson, Waynesboro, Va., 
B. C; P. W. Biei-stein, Shenandoah, Pa., 
B. C. ; H. S. Beardsley. Metropolitan B. C, 
St. Paul ; H. W. Benton, Normal School, 
Harper, Kan.; C. E. Baird, Geneseo, III., 
Collegiate Inst.; S. D. Everhart. Central High 
School, Pittsburah, Pa. ; J. F. Fish. Speucer- 
ian B. C, Louisville, Ky. ; E. F. Gulley, Inter- 
national B. C. Burlington. Vt.; J. O.Gor- 
don, Writing Supervisor, Rocky River, O.; 
J. M- Howie. Bethany Coll., Lincoln, Neb.; 
Anna E. Hill, Writing Supervisor, Spring- 
field. Mass.; J. T. Henderson. Oberlin, O., 
B. C. ; W. J. Ives, Oskaloos<i, la., B.C.: Jno. 
Keith. Ottawa. Ont., B. C; H. B. Lehman, 
Spalding's C. C, Kansas City ; C. E. Lnwe, 
■ ' City, Kan.; H. R. Lindsev, Poi"* 

J. H. Talbert, Bcaconsfield, 

run torn Dcpt (. ai pbtU Uni, Hoi 
I JouRNAi IS great Howcanyoudo 

I nttious 
ml skill 

£," n.uln 

ly highly 

destmies — thateaubi land 

Have You Forgot Something? 

and avoid breaks in scia. If yoii tire iulcr- 
OBtcil in any brnucli of peuraanHlii|>. an a ttlii- 
donl. UN a teaclier, i»rof«BBioiinHy «r ofbcr- 
wiite, liow van yoa iuTPHl a dollar bcllcr 
tbuu in a HUbBcription to •' Tbo Pcninaa'n 


.ARBFUL attentloD 

tb(* wurk one b 
<l<-rUiken. n delu 
ii.m C<> nl'-nrh 

n-here this combiiii 

of R. J. Uacieati of the 

— Tbv PiiTce College of Business, Phila., is 
nciUfl for its benutlful comtnciict luent iavita- 
tioiiH. 'rii<> ileHtgn for tliM 27th aoimal exercises 
is imrticiilnrlv Vlui-io. TIkm- i-serdses were 
liel<loii Di'i'. 'D..I..I iIm 1 a.lress wosby 

, (la, BuH. Ill 

iw Mile proprietor of 
, hnvtiiR bouebt out 
Kiiliiis. A slylisb 

Tbe Broo^lvu Citizen of late date piii 
ihed cut of the bsodsoQie new I 
;. Wrigbt's Look Island B. C. 

meuds tbat institution to the i. 

The attcnduuce at this college is very large. 

— J. A, Wesco, who has long had a national 
reputation as a brilliant penman, is again at 
his old post Ht Armstrong's Portland, Ore- 
Kon. B. C. With Weico and tbat other gifted 

an of the Cbicago, 

Jairkson and R. K. Day, the euterprising pro- 

Sietors of tbat institution. In a recent note 
r. Jacksou says of Znoer'a lessons in The 
Journal: " They are certainly immense and 
worth manr dollars to any one wisbiug to be- 
come a good rapid busine"ss writer. I looked 

— For a school that has been established less 
than a year the catalogue of the N. W. Coll. 
of Com., Portage, Wis., shows an unusual 
amount of business. Prin. H. A. Story ap- 
pears to be ft Hushing man. The Joubnal 
has many friends there. 

— Ralph E. Rowe, who has charge of the 
penmanship work at Westbrook Sem. Deer- 
ing, Me,, is a good business writer and an en- 
terpribiug and successful teacher. 

— L- F. Rbulford. Priu. of the Magnolia 

' Mattatoisett. The principal 

— T. H. Rnberson is meeting with success 
organizing classes in writing iu Alabama. His 
headquurtei-s are at Moultou. 

— Here is u typical young professional 
"hustler" from the mighty West, so prolific 
in its yield of that useful ccmiinnilitv—H R. 
Lloyd, penman of tbe Fji\ ti. 'i X.i I'm 

fortune to profit bv tbe wise direction of I 
Ui-iah McKee at the Oberlin, 0., B. C. 

Lloyd has been teaching in his present place 
for five years, and has a made record of effi- 
cient service. He is an "ftll-round penman," 

apparently swiftest 

' -liade, and tbe prod- 

— The Pacific EjtcurHnn c, ,n: ,, . , , 
IKjration with a capital -i i i i, 
offices at Oakland. Cal , n i . i i i 
object is totake people to tin w ■. ■\ i , , , , 

reduced rate and to look oni i i ii in, f, 

generally. Among the i<i iiipti.m 
panj are our friecds J. E. Dcijut- of Cbicago. 
long identified with B. C. work on the coost, 
and J. M Davis of Aydelotte's B. C, Oakland, 
one of the most progressive young men iu the 

— The Brooklyn Stenographeis" AMOciotion 
is an organization of which tbe Oity of 
Churches justly feels proud. H. J. Rippel is 
president and the duties of secretary are dis- 
charged in a business like manner by E. F. 
Treat. The association has a pleasant home at 
330 Greene avenue. 

— We have seen some excellent specimens of 
printing andscbool stationerv troiii the press 
of tbe Hawthorne I'l intju;,- ,v Sfniimiory Com- 
pany, Lincoln, NVh Tin- (itm i- iiiakiu" a 

specialty of cnrnm. vi-il --rl I \Mirk, Hud, 

knowing the peoiilt- .■i.iii]n i-m- ili.- Luinuoiu', 
we take pleasure iu lecoiimiL-mliug them to 
our friends. They will do any sort of print 
ing. plain or fancy, that you may wish done 
and supply any sort of stationery' that you 
may be in need of, either from their extensive 
stock or make it especially to order. 

^ — Sullivan & Crichton's B. C and School of 
Shorthand and Telegraphy is a cousolidatiou 
of two prosperous schools at Atlanta. Ga.— 
Goldsmith & Sullivaus B. C. niid Ciichtoo's 
Shorthand Coll. Tli.- >. hn.ii 

ices of two gifteil ,.iu„.r, 
C. G. Price. \\'>.- ,•■<: nih ; 
institution one oi iiir li m. 
of the year. It i> |.i mr .i .., 

iiith and 

— The Phonographic Institute, Cincinnati, 
for many years known as one of the leading 
institutions of the kind m AmiNjiia iiml iiu. 
headquarters or £ean Pit 

companyareBennPitmaii.lli ■ .. 

B Howard, E.J. Howard, r \\ ( ■ ■ ,i., , ,,,.| 
Percy Werner. Mr. J. B, Huwanl ims hwn 
known to us for years as the active co-uulbur 
of Benn Pitman phonography, tbe editor of 
the Phonographic Magazine and promoter of 

of this system in America. 
— The largest business college deal in type- 

nes >vith desks and 
< Bus. Colleges, at 
iroit respectively. 


graduates from that ii 

occupying responsible business posittoi 

letter that has n ni'ir 
effect than B. H >|. 
conducting a mk'' ■ - 

— TbebuUdiU^ .... ; ■ l l , |. :..; . ., ■! ,.. 

ilton'sB.C.Sau Ai.i . I , ■ , , 
destroyed by fii\. , i . . ! i i i , 

secured new quaiiLj - ;iri.l i w- w . [ 

cally uninterrupted. We are u'.t iutormtd a- 
to the extent of the aamage. 

— Quite a number of om* expert longhand 
writers are also proficient in the sborlhund 
art. One of this number is E. H. Barrows. 
Dubliu, la., a teacher of experience teu-pora- 

doubt about ti 

— Wehave r»'ceivi'dtt neat CMtalogue from 
the Columbus. In<l.. Nnrmnl School and Bus. 
lost., of which J IS. Poller is principal and 

priuoipBl. Tbat both 
. eumaiisbipconnoi»«urs 
tiatt«st4>il by ••Dgrnved ^|*^;ilU6ns from their 

iiniii); sui-b a r.-Mill Siu.v tin- i.|.<-niiig of 
their scbo<)l they have used a .ijuarttfr of a iiage 
of advertising space in eiich issue of Th* 

into th> 

enterprisiug sch'j>>l i:. . . .i iIl^ih 

a local reputaticm ;li..i (.it, .i,,^, ih.ui.i ^,u- 
ploy such a media:. i ^ ^.i.tii.iu.lU , vi^n ut ;i 
considerable exrense, 

— F. McCalvey is meeting with success 
teaching writing at Weaubtonu, Mo, 

— The attendance at tbe Trinidad. Colo., 
B Cshoivs a gratifying increase this season. 
Principal W, E. Anderson thinks " The 
Journal is just grand." 

— Jame^P. Pittuian, a professional penman, 
has been iustructing classes at Bussey, Iowa, 

— Principal Curnick and Penman Wilson of 
tbe Evansville, Ind.. Com. Cull were hand- 
somely renieiiibereil liy (he students around 
Cbristiiiii-. 'nil. -Mill - vi-il beautiful pres- 



Wilb lll<: 


-rally sprinkled 
■ Wilson's nen. 

1111;^ Western pen- 

1.111-. III.. Daily 

< ' i . . ! 1 1 . n iitic ivsiuned from the 
' 'i\ B. C, Keokuk, la.. 
I ■■-■ \ uikton. So. Dak,, wbi-re 
i\ -ikctal ct>urso of music in (he 
lege CouservAtory. 

man is H.'U. Lloyd, uleri, auibiUuu!. and 
etiually at boiue iu plain or oruaiiieutal work. 
— Ad attiaotiveomaiuentnl calt>ndar comes 
from the Hlublaud Park Normal College. Des 
Moines, and another from tbe N.W. B. C, 
Sioux City. Iowa, 

- Prin. .4tkiQ>,0D awarded di[ila 

all expenses along I 
— H. C. Blair, penman of the Spotca: 

:es tbat he is going I 

Wash., B. . ... . 

Zaner'B lessons in The Journal a trial in his 
classes and asks what we think of it. We 
think tbat be will be doing the pupils an excel- 
lent service. Of roui-se everv t.'m-lier of pen- 
manship has >> , 1 1 ., n I I L >. 1 . 1 1 1 1 1 1 wa vs and 
methods pe<-uIiMi i i . i u ^^uuld be 

impossible to ^-lm i . ,. -ons in pen- 

manship or aii\ . ; .' w.iuldmeet 

everybody's vmi - i uliir. This, 

— J. G. Johnson, Elk Garden, Va., one cf 
the thousands who thauks The Jodbnal for 
his penmanship skill, has accepted a position 
as penman of Milligan College, Mllligau, Tcun. 

— P. B. S. Peters appeai-s to be meeting with 
success in building no a good commercial de- 
partment at Buena \ i-ita College, Storm Lake, 
iowa. He is au excellent penman as well as 
general commercial teacher. A bAud-some cir- 
cular has been received from the departmout. 

— S. M. Sweet, late of the Buffalo, N. Y.. 
Bus Uui,, has become secretary of Clark's B, 
'■"■"■" othis 


that there oiv I 
who could use 

e belie' 
[) teachers 

eral of them'l-<-..i ■ Mr 1 .m L n^ indi-ated 
an intention of dom;: ^o. W^ should like to 
hear from others. Mr. Blair, by tbe way, is a 
man wfaotakesade«pint«'rest in his proftssion, 
IE an excellent writer, and although we don't 
know him personally his tetters have the ring 

Sacramento, OD theeveuiug of Dec. 21. This takw. 

fitful i 

what he under- 


and both also shine as peuili 

. portrait ' 

Th- Hurlford pjp.-r. highly tuinmend the 
work our friend is doinp. 

— J. T. Henderson has bought the intertst 
of his partner, Uriah McKue, in tbe Oberlin. 
Ohio, B. C, the latter having retired on ac- 
count of failing health and moved to Salt 
Lake City, Utah. Mr. Henderson was joint 
principal and proprietor foruliout eiKbi years, 
and ranks high as penuian and teaclnT. It Is 
to be hoped tbat tbe profession will not lote so 
brilliant a member as Bro. McK-e. 

U. C.Erte. Pa.. 

been incorporated under the name of tbe Ball 
B. C. with R, M. Ball as president. Tbe prin- 
cipal of the school is D. H. Snobe. for a long 
time connected «ith the la. B. C. Des Moines, 
a mature teacher of high reputation. Tbe pen- 

principal is M. B. Thomp- cles t 

The Penman's Leisure Hour— Continuing The Journal's •• Galaxy of Flourishers " Series. 

tnjile by A. K flu.ift, Nalwna! Commercial College, Denisoti, Texas: the lower one by E. M. rimrlur, Kurlliireslern Biisiiuss College, S.ouj- 


; show up very bantl- 

iHud, Muiue (alsu H 
Edward, N. Y., H 
eran penmau of I; 

— A well-made set o( ornameiited capitals 
supplemented l)y bird fl'>urish comes from E. A . 
Mefberson, latv of Oswego, N.Y., but r 

iQnsbip and otiier brauches 

at the Texas B. C, F..rt Worth. TexBL. .„ 
addition to bis ^eomituship acooioplisbuieuts. 

Xpert practUiooer oud 

, McPbersoD i , ^_ 

teacher of Orabam shortlmnd. 

— Several attractive holiday reininders, 
writteu and priuted, ' 

1 aud letters Hur." It i 

"iiislrial p. D. Kei 

fully fioe effect 

e above i: 
r less shadiDg. 

er batch, chiefly from teaeb- 
T QM shade but geta wonder- 

, Mail.; W, H. Beacom, Dixon, ni. 
W. W.' Bfoore. Iowa B. C, Des Momes. 

— If E A. Zartman of Co. E, Second In- 
fantry, Ft. Omaha, Neb., is as good with a 
ride as be is with a pen our ghost- dancing 
brother in red would do well to give that place 
a wide birth. We are judging from a letter 

— We have several well-made initiiil letters, 
word fombinations and a bird flourish from 
Ibe pen of U. E. Johnson of the Kac City, 
lotva. Normal Oollee»>, a (;aod penman and a 
warm friend of The Jouknal. 

proved through the 
JouBNiL-Bud we di 
frequently. Many of 

old. He incloses speemiens ot his writing 
about a year before he berarae a Journal 
student, and the two specimens represent a 
nmrked contrast. In the same line we have a 
letter from Edson Hazel, Dublin, N. U , »hich 
is highly creditable to a lad of 15. 
— Other script specimens aud letters show- 

. La.; P. y. Hi-mh. Coiicui-d. N. Y. , M. 

- R L Elliott of Hie Com. Pept. of Viot^m, 

iioiir, Elta M. Kose. J. P. (Juniitn^'. Emma 
Khow. Mr. Elliott is a teacher wbo takes great 
pride in hfs worb. and we congratulate him oo 
the results shown by these specimens. 

— H. K. Holcomb. Prin Aniitv Cnm. r„]\.. 
College Springs. la,, send-; -i-rKm-ii- hv W. 

Holcomb is himself i 
and bis signature U 
would not be likely t- 


^ t^e/wian^QTtktCLycuznaL!? 

Instruction in Monogram Making. 


THE six combiDatiotis of letters com- 
prising the initials of oiir friemls 
who were first to express an interest in 
this course give variety enough to make 
an interesting lesson. While the initials 
given in first line are but little more 
than skeleton outlines, yet they clearly 
illnstrate the principles laid down in 
former lessons. A number of the curves 
in these combinations are portions of 
circles, and can best be made with bow 
pen or compasses, as were the copies. 

There is no rule for determining the 
order in which the letters of a monogram 
should be read. You should always en- 
deavor, however, to get the initial letter 
of the surname more prominent than the 
other letters by making it either larger or 
shading it darker. 

Aim to get a pleasing combination of 
both straight and curved lines. Some 
very pleasing effects in rustic letters can 
be secured by working the different let- 
lers so as to represent kinds of wood. 
Rustics can be combined witli otlier styles 
of letters if not made too piomiuent. The 
last mono^am given was made almost 
entirely with the bow pen. the back- 
ground only being made freehand. 

O. \V. Harman. 

(J. W. Harinau, penman, teaober, gentleman, 
was born on r form in York County, Pa., Sept. 
■J:J, \m\. TlicagG of sixteen found bim teacbing 
a country school of eighty-Hvo pupils. This 
aloue bespeaks bis future. It reveals unusual 
qualiflcatiou and ability. It not only diR|>Iays 
mental aptoes-i in studies, b'lt sturdy qualities 
in character and discipline. 

The next four year* were spent in Clark 
County, O., in the same uoblo work. An in- 
oreoM of salary each year was an unquestioned 
compliment. At this time an itinerant teocber 
of penmanship suoceoded in discovering and 
developing the latent forces of grace and 
beauty, for from this on he was called a pon- 

Not content with what many would have 
been satisfied, be attended the National Normal 
University of Lebanon, Ohio, increasing bis 
literary and art ability and adding thereto a 
practical knowledge of the science of accounts. 
His ambition was to be well educated, and 
what proved the realization of bis deBir« was 
the willingness to work for it. 

Following this work he taught penmanship 
and completed a three yeai-s' course in Witten- 
berg College. Springfleld, 0. It was here be 
added polish to bis attainment which has in no 
small measuro contributed to bis success. It 
was here, too, that he made tbo acquaintance 
of one of Springfield's most estimable famllieB, 
in which be succeeded in winning a charming. 
Christian, noble woman's love. Mrs. Ear- 
man's maiden name was Miss Nora B. Moore. 

Mr. Harman was elected Principal of the 
Donnellsville, O., public school, which position 
be resigned to accept one more congenial to 
lU8 tastes at the hands of Colonel Soul^ of 
Souli? College, New Orleans. Fortunate in- 
deed was this move. It brought together two 
of America's most liberal, polished, able gen- 
tlemen and bus-iness educators. 

As most of the readers of TuE Joubnal 
know, Mr, Harman is an expert penman and 
artist, but what is still better, he is a progress- 
ive, enthusiastic teacher, and a liberal-minded 
man. He reads professional literature and 
appreciates the efforts of others in an uncom- 
mon degree. In fact, he is so modest and un 
selfish that he finds no ditHculty in underrat 
iug'bis own efforts and overe»i(imating those 
of other*. 

Mr. and Mre. Harman have thi-ee lovely, 
bright childi-on— Winnie Belle, Harold Souk- 
and George Zauer. The naming of the latter 
the writer cannot but consider as a very dis 
linjniisbod honor, aud one which iriU ever 
serve as on incentive for him to make the 
nnnie bouorahle. 

I have endeavored to tell in my plain, feeble 
manuertbeoutlinetrutbsof this *■ Represeota 
live Penman of America." but feel that I have 
fallen far short of justice. A life so well 
ri>unded, so full of hope, so prosgwrouf, so in- 
dustiious and inspiring, is iudved a greater 
pleasure to live than to depict, but 1 canuot 
close this plta.s.<int duty without a suggestion 
or two to the younger penmen of the prufes- 

t probable that 
a school has prov 
the success of this penmi 
but conclude that tbo th< 


■ork done In the 
eighty factor in 
IVe cannot help 
gh prejiaration 

in the common hirancbes, the disciph'ne of the 
sclioolroom. the drill iu the Normal, the course 
in Wittenberg, and the ?ittadfastna«sand single- 
ness of purpofe to be educate<i, ha* contributed 
largely to his success. One tbmg more : Mr. 
Harman cultivated and sought Qoad societj/, 
without which his Icarninp; would have proved 
of but little value, but by which be is not only 
a penman, but a man, a gentleman, an orna- 
ment and honor to society and the profesaion. 

To Bro. Zaner's just tribute to a truly repre- 
sentative young Araericon penman, the Editor 
wishes to add his indorsement. Bro. Harman 
is of the full stature, personally and profes- 
sionally. He has for years been one of Thic 
Joornal's " Old Guard." Friends may come- 
and friends may go, but Barman has always 
proved himself a friend to count on. 

table wai 

lady 1 

r/iis is Ihe In 
No. I will In (. 
that S5 trizc-<. 

tt month in wkieh Competition 
"If It. Have you any need for 
- one of the other prizes ? tt 


The Cleveland Dimlerj-, PiibHshin« liL-pt.. IW 
Seneca Street. Cleveland, Ohio, wants the names 
of all teachers of bookkeepmg on postal curds 
and will send sample pages of "Normal Uook- 


By A. V. Il>bb, /lluiftruffntr Am Accompun'^ng Paper Q%\ Monof/ratu Mnki} 

^^^f^5^^<^:^i^%?5^ z:':B¥3F£ 

practical or proretsi jual liand-^ 
HiKbly endorsed by 


rraded set of copy s 


ICHWATER MARK of the penmakers art. 





Coco Writing 




Execute, all KInda et Ornamental Pa \ Work 

A. E. DEWHURST, Utica, N. Y. 


It is a common-Benfie seTf-instrnctor in 
plain and ornnineutal penmjinsliij). It 
contjiins ?.') beantirnl plates, size of each 
5f.; xH,'< inches, and ;i li^ok of iuslnic- 
tions. ' 


.(inies or any work on peumiiiistilp yvi pub 

It was goicen up eitpressly to Inspire puplU t 
(JT renter efforts. 


ieeell>t or JI.OI). Circularit free. Acld^t^ss 


Auburn. N. Y. 

Wliat f 

I rroni tbis 

"The Book-keeper." 

A h.Tiidsonic inonilily Jour- 
nal for book-keepers, stenofi- 
raphers and penmen. 50 cents 

•' year. 


BOOK-KEI-.I'KK C(l., Publishers, 

-ir Detroit, Mich. 

'^tyennia/bd QSaA.tCLydutnal9 

QOULE'S '!iil-^ , COULE'S J^^y. 


PKICE 75 Cts 


eded Bo 



It I* thn AUDITIIIt'S 
I.AIIP snd (lOIOE 10 
i;Oi:.\TI.Mi nr Fiunn- 


Uco, Soiili'). 13't !>«t 


PRICE $;J.50. 




AdnptiHl for use wilb ur without Text-Book. 

aud the ouly set recommemled to 



Bryant & Stratton 




Colleges and ! 

Descriptive List : 

l^e best Peu la the U.S., aod best penmen use tbem. 


Tills I'en. known by the above title, is manufac- 
tured of the l)est steel, and carefully selected. They 
are partieularly adapted for Public and Private 
Schools and Bookkeeper's use. Put up in Boxes 
containing 30 Pens. &ent Post-paid, on receipt of 

''"""daniel SLOTE & CO., 

110 & j21 William St.. N. Y. 

An Old School in a New Location. 


i-^^pw^ - 



• mh:-,. 


■ ^L M 

-' ^( 









Main BuUdlng, 205 Fuc;! Kruni.. 





good i>o9m..n- I ■ r.iii bplp yim 

Board, $1.7,5 .1 week. Room Rent, 50 cts. a week. 
{pOO— i">!ut NO VACATIONS, Except August. Catalogues and Circulars FREE. 

WM. M. GROAN, Prest, or W. J. KINSLEY, Secy and Treas. 
Western. ITorma-l College, 




429 Clil 


I A thousand years as a day, 

t. A short, simple, 
melhodby E.C.ATKINSON, Pri 
Sacramento Business College, Sacr: 
Cal. By ■■ 



Paper warehouse 


Plililishtil by O. M. PO WICKS 

S The Complete Accountant, counting-house Editioi 

^ A modern, ['racticul and compleie work, covering tlii; entire subject of lu'coi 

$ The Complete Accountant, High school Edition. 

W Designed especially as a short course in pracik^al Bookkeeping, liii pages, i 
^ price, 90 cents. 

$ The New Business Arithmetic. 

# A recent, practical and tboroiigh text-boob on this subject, 'i^'i pajtes, wholesale ] 

$ Manual of Business Writing. 

^ A valuable help to evei y studeut of businesp writioK. Wholesale priue, 50 cents. 

t The Practical Speller, 

S The above books are in use in many of the largest and best Commercial i 

f (tntl Normal Schools throughout the United States and Canada, 

Copies of these Books will be sent to Teachers upon 
receipt of the above price. 

Et iWim (oLlKt 6f pmHto^niWurBCT m nrif men ' f T a N F n I a x, \,i ' "' 'wBiN'i ^ . 

prnmrtiudiom-P^-^Qi^h Cover- h~ 

fiovej 5H'&D'' w^lL^- .50 5li<JJdW^[; )v«- Hhd' IJ^^^ionVi- M wdi as )^eMMm<ii viKf fr^ ^o>^ Pi^ice list -^ 
"Only University of Penmanship and Art in America" 

liiiill iii> iiii.l L..ii(liKtL-.l on its own merits witlinut su|.i»irt from sonic Noimiil or Kiisincss L^MIci-c. 

Theories Superior. fJkillful, Oridinil Work. The lloest Artist Penman and leadiim Pen Artist 

-- - iipplicntlona for K"tdiinte» thnn wo can IIH. The best placets become a Penman. Artist and Teucln 

Advance is the spirit of the scbool. Couductinl on Normal Principles, tbnt of doing rather than "olaimlnif," ami presenting rather than "profesfllnur. 

e npplicntlona for Kntdiii 

Pupils taught rightly a 

[tlitstraffd Art Catuloiriic-, 
' than "profesfllnur." No ii 
riff properly and tati)fbt 

zj^nsrEPLi.A-]sr jlplt oonL.i_.Ea-Ei, 

Col\xm1o-u.s, O. 

yi.^3^^ 'l^^c/im a /id Q^^lkt/ oJvuyZnajC^ 


Look at this List! There's about the same proportion In every State. 



I thf above named "Graham" writers learned the syslem from the Ha 

II SiANDAKii I'lK.NOGRArnY, tile best shorthand text book ever published. 
nd (ot a tree copy ol Al.I. Aiiout PiiiiNor.UAfllv, the largest and handsoyr 
ind circular ever pul>;i«hcd, 


A MS «( IIIIOI. (II- •iIOIlTllAM> AMI TVPEHItlTINi;. 7 11 ll'.vny. Xcw Vf 



Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 

The author of this work is Prof. Alfred Day, a shorthand 
reporter of 25 years' e.xperience, author of "Aid to Graham," 
"Shorthand Copy-Book," &c.. President of the Cleveland Sten- 
ographers' Assoeiatioii, Prineipal ami Pro]>rietor of Day's Seliool 
of Shorthand. 

It does not pretend to be a new system. It presents Graham's 
System in a wonderfully simplified form, doing away entirely with 
llie objections that have been made to that system by reason of 
its interminable complications. Prof, Day has removed these 
stumbling blocks, making the path of the student entirely plain. 

The results obtained by this work are unequaled in the history 
of shorthand teachers. The publishers will be glad to give scores 
of testimonials from those who have acquired ]iroficiency in a re- 
markablv short time with no other teacher than " Day's Complete 
Shorthand Manual," 

The book, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
liv mail post-paid to anv address on receipt of the price, $1.50. 



THE BURROWS BROTHERS CO., Publishers, ,.,, 
23 to 27 Euclid Avenue, ■ Cleveland, Ohio. 

1 he Benn Pitman System of r honography 


American System of Shorthand. 

To aupplr the inrrciMliu; Jeiunuil r«r fttenographcn, »ehool« of Khorthnnd 
nnd trp^orrftliiK tu»*f bwn mUblUhril In viir1nH» puta of Itii> i-ouniry, and 
with frw cxcfptlons, nil biulD«R9i-oU«itm now bsv»ft"<1«^rliii'-ntnf short- 
may be called the " AniKrirnn SyMem."-Kjrtm«* Awm iht Rt- 
pari of iht Comm\saioMT oj «*uoa/(oB ITrtJftfnofon, B. t'.;. /br «* y<or 

one'v''".' '■' '"' ''- '■' ""-■"■ " "'-"'^^' '"''■"--'-- -■".- .'"■■ "'•■'■"- mp«t mpld 


has since 1855 been the standard text-book of shorthand instruction in Ameriin. Ii 
has been t wire revised and re-written (in 1800 and in 1885)— the last time by Rt-nn 
Pitman and Jerome B. Howard in collaboration — and it is now more lartrely \i?ed in 
American schools of ■shorthand, business colleges, seminaries, academies, public schools^ 
and colleges, than are ail other phorthand text books combined. It has renchcd itt^ 
*285lh thousand flnd is now issued at the rate of over 25,000 ropie"* a jcar. It conthios 
144 duodecimo papes and retails at SI. 00 a copy, in cloth covers, or |.80 a copy in 

THE REPORTER'S COMPANION, by Benn Pitman .m.l 

.IcTomp B. llowarrl, i^ llif nnlv i -^i n(int lixt-hook lu-sides the Manval, and condiiH>- 
thestiHitnt to the Iith fi-t ^i\li ..f uriiini; 11--1I I ly professional roporfer-;. I'3inii, 
1S7 payes. Price in i loth, tl-'-i"'; '" boartK. |;1.00 

THE PHONOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, edited by .icronu- 

li. H<>\v;ir-I. Litru"- X^'K 44 or more paj^fs niuutlilv. Mim.nL;- wliidi are eiiiht papes of 
beimiifiillv lillii.<;r;i|.!ioI phoDitic shorlhand. A pci imiii ,il ruiiipleraeni" to the text- 
books aod tlic authiiitic organ of the Benn Pitmuu s>sti;iii of Phonojjjraphy. Sub- 
scription price, 11.50 a year. Now in iti sixth volume. Vols. I-V in cloth covtrs, 
«;l.75 each. 

Send for complete catalog and specimen pages of nil ])horiographic publications. 

A liberal discount will be made to all schools and to teachers 
of Phonography, and special prices will be quoted for introduc- 
tion and exchange. 



I « ^ . (T ^ I 
" SHORTHAND" L:i'T.t°o'c,,;r; 

Jhnwne')' PhnnngrajiJiic iredrfj/.tbat tellshow to 

'-BKOWNE, 251 1 


tJopreJudlced advice c 

I inakM.''"Ma- 

month'ly pajTu^ufs. Any Inatni- 

mentmoDufnctured shipped, privileRBto examine. 

EXCHAN(JI>'fJASPEClAI.tY- WbolesaleiD 

J deolent. Jliustrated CataJogTiea Free, 

Is a new invenlioD by the aaihor of the " Hew Rapid " System. 


ANIl "^ilMPl iriTY. 

..... 1., ^'"biouud I. roi>iT«cnt<'rl In but one 

Lpnm a iij«(cra tlint will brlliff Jfou prollt and ploasuro. 

n tf. McKee's Home School of Shorthand, 

Compute Text'ltook, poafpalit, $I..^O. Af.ilie>'llle, IV. C 


Learn Shorthand? 

I have applications conlijiually for 
)nng men which I cannot fill. I conld 
ave located two or three times as many 
>ung men the last year if I had the 


There is no better field for smart yonng 
i.n than Shorthand Writing,-. Let it be 

-I. Iiui,- Ntcme for something higher. 

SPANISH tanght by mail and peraon- 

1- -^i^niianln tanght Engliith. Bnsi- 
. - mil f nmi.-'bed competent Sten - 
47-apht.-iH w-if hunt charge fur my si-rvicen. 

W. est. OK-A^FFEE, 

OSWECO, N. Y. 1-if 


T" c/en/nanA dTCct oJcu , 



ke the study of shorthand diffi- 

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Write H. n. PERiVIX, Author, Detroit, Mieh. 

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Bryant & Stratton Publishing Co., 


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447-44<) East S2d St.. 
Sales Office. 77 Nassau St.. 

'"^tyen/tuuid (II^IuLClMica/ulCP 

Bookkeeping, Penm*.\miip, Coekksp<5NDE,\-ce, Spelling, ABirHMEnc, Law, Civil Government, Bcsinkss Pbactiok. 




U/illiafT)8 9 I^0(^er8' ^^ommcrgal Pijblieatio9$ 



only c 


t publishetl. Adapted to schools of all %r»Aef 










ccd), complete cdili^in, - $1.00 
ced), abridged edition, - .50 

ess rraclicK for Commercial Schools, Blau/c Books, ISiisinfSH Forms, College Currency, Com mere 
ana Shorlhand Dlplomaa anil other Commercial School Supplies. 

Samples of copies will be sent lo teacher! tor examination at half price. Specimen pages and Catalogue givine wholes 
introduction rales, and one thousand testimonials, sent tree to teachers on application. Address 

WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Publishers, Rochester, N. Y 

PING, Penmanship, Cokbespondknce, Spelling, Arithmetic, Law, Civil Government, Business PKAtn 



1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with- 

out aii'^wpr^. Tlie Standard Aritlimetic Retail price, $1.50 

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CORRESPONDENCE Retail price. $1.00 

With proper tliscoititts to Scftoois, 


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suiierviaion, and acknowledged to be the best aids in the study of Munsou 
Shorthand. Send for complete circular. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d St., New York. 




Spelling and Letter Wrltlnff.— Cloth, 204 pages. Tweoty fourtir' Lousand 
Price, ifl on. A haudsome and popular book. Typewriting Instructor aud 
Steuogrnpher's Hand-ltonk.— Cloth, itfi jHiges. two colore. 4;i.00. Used io ' 
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most of the unintertstiog subject matter in the average grammar. Handsomely bound 
in cloth, 90c. IN PKEPAKATION : Shorthand, a model phonographic text book 
coutnining many pages of finely engraved notes ; Coumerclal Law, a complete 
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Can i 


The Counting House, 535 pp., Retail, - $2.00 
" Commercial, 41 1 '• '* 1 .50 .. 

'* Essentials, 303 " " i ^ gs — 

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itv 10 adopiion&i one-half rtf ail prices. Address W. 11 Sadliik, Pres 

SADLER COMPANY, Baltimore, Md. 

schools, addn 

1 ihc publishers. 

riie Prnctieal Text-BuoU Co.. Ci 





These sump I e« bave been seUfUtl wltli itreut cnn- hy Mr Kinsley from tbi- aiookB of tlir 'A 

rlnus paper mills In Ibe United stales, (hi- ruling bos been iloiir E^sjieclally for iia nnd we ^f 





Day Books, Journali, LnlgcraondBlouk Books of all klndi Notes, C 
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M M. CROAN. Prei'l. W. J. KINSLEY. Treas, GEO. H. COLBERT. Sec 

S^I!=^S=^llf^ff^9R^i<i''9S^^W W'4<f^|F^lf<!S=^SlS^«=^ ^flf^^^